• The Maritime Administration should expand its role in assisting U.S. shipyards to enter the international commercial market by organizing and presenting information collected from other government agencies; by providing technical assessments of technology gaps U.S. industry must overcome; and, especially, by determining as accurately as possible the direct and indirect subventions and subsidies of foreign governments to their shipbuilding industries.
  • The Office of Naval Research should continue to support faculty members through fellowships; through research projects directed at Navy objectives; and, to the extent possible, through projects that have economic impacts.
  • Naval architecture and marine engineering schools should become more involved with the U.S. shipbuilding industry through research in business-process, system, and ship-production technologies, as well as by soliciting support for these and other kinds of research. The schools should continue concentrating on subjects traditionally taught but should also pay much greater attention to the economic health of the industry. Universities, with their multiple disciplines, led by the naval architects and marine engineers who justifiably lay claim to being good systems thinkers, should be able to seize the problem that U.S. shipbuilders face; understand what it will take to create a healthy industry; and reach as far afield as needed to understand the cultures, political motivations, and economic infrastructures of international competitors.
  • Shipbuilders and shipowners should better support the naval architecture and marine engineering educational infrastructure.
  • Shipbuilders and shipowners should develop detailed plans for entry into international commercial markets.


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