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TABLE 4-1 Schools of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering
University of California at Berkeley
The State University of New York Maritime College
California Maritime Academy
Texas A&M University at College Station
Florida Atlantic University
Texas A&M University at Galveston
Florida Institute of Technology
United States Coast Guard Academy
Great Lakes Maritime Academy
United States Merchant Marine Academy
Maine Maritime Academy
United States Naval Academy
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Massachusetts Maritime Academy
The University of Michigan
The University of New Orleans
architecture as all of the other schools combined.2 However, because they are structured for the primary purpose of developing U.S. Navy and U.S. Coast Guard officers, and the continued existence of these schools is, therefore, independent of the health of the commercial shipbuilding industry, they are not evaluated in this report. Similarly, because the maritime academies have in the past been structured for the primary purpose of developing officers for the merchant marine, these academies are not evaluated. Descriptions of the schools assessed by the committee are provided in Appendix E.
The committee selected a sample of the schools shown in Table 4-1 and focused attention on them.3 These schools are the University of California at Berkeley (Berkeley), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), the University of Michigan (Michigan), the University of New Orleans (UNO), Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), and Webb Institute of Naval Architecture (Webb). The committee recognizes that a broader view of education in marine fields is necessary and urges further studies, particularly of the role of maritime academies in a period of decline for the U.S. Navy as well as the U.S.-flag merchant fleet.
Naval architecture is a traditional term for the hydrodynamic and structural design of ship hulls. Marine engineering encompasses the design of power systems and auxiliary equipment for ships. In U.S. universities, naval architecture and marine engineering are usually combined and considered as one program. In the United States, ocean engineering has grown from at least three distinct origins:
The importance of the academies to education in naval architecture is reflected by the fact that in 1993 the U.S. Naval Academy and the U.S. Coast Guard Academy together awarded more than 90 bachelor's degrees in naval architecture; the schools that the committee assessed awarded only 60 undergraduate degrees.
The committee convened a ''Workshop on Education in Naval Architecture" on October 18–19, 1994, in Washington, D.C. The workshop was attended by representatives of six of the schools considered by the committee. In addition, SNAME was represented, as was the Board on Engineering Education of the NRC. The schools represented at that workshop are those on which the committee focused its attention.