port authorities and facility operators, and others. Each of these groups, as well as the general public, benefits from improved mariner competency and safety.

It is important therefore, that any decision to mandate training for licensing or renewal include full consideration of options and mechanisms available to ensure that the training is available and affordable to all effected mariners.

Recommendation 23: The U.S. Coast Guard and U.S. Maritime Administration should assess the options for funding simulator-based training and licensing.



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