passing ship), and size of vessel team that may be accommodated. To judge which platform to use for which licensing assessment, it is necessary to understand the advantages and limitations of each type of platform, as well as the necessary levels of validity and fidelity for the different levels of license.

The committee could not find any research that would support or discredit the combining of simulator training and simulator-based assessment in a single course. The committee does, however, have some concerns about the potential problems (listed briefly above). These potential problems should be addressed, and research should be conducted to determine whether there are reasons to either combine on separate the two functions.


Anderson,D.B., T.L. Rice, R.G. Ross, J.D. Pendergraft, C.D. Kakuska, D.F. Meyers, S.J. Szczepaniak, and P.A. Stutman. 1993. Licensing 2000 and Beyond. Washington, D.C.: Office of Marine Safety, Security, and Environmental Protection, U.S. Coast Guard.

NCR(National Research Council). 1985. Human Factors Aspects of Simulation. E.R. Jones, R.T. Hennessy, and S. Deutsch, eds. Working Group on Simulation, Committee on Human Factors, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

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