APPENDIX A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members

WILLIAM A. CREELMAN, Chair, U.S. Maritime Administration (retired), received his B.S. in nautical science from the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy. He held a Coast Guard First Class Pilotage License for various East Coast waters. He was appointed as deputy maritime administrator in l988, having previously served as deputy maritime administrator for inland waterways and the Great Lakes. Previously, he was president of National Marine Service (NMS), a towing industry company carrying bulk liquids on the inland waterways, completing 30 years of service in 1985. Afloat service with NMS included pilotage of coastal tankers on the East Coast. He served twice as chairman of the board of directors of the American Waterways Operators (AWO), served as chairman of various AWO committees and task forces, and also served as vice chairman of the Coast Guard's Towing Safety Advisory Committee. Mr. Creelman was a member of the Marine Board of the National Research Council.

PETER BARBER is senior lecturer, Maritime Simulation Section, Southampton Institute of Higher Education, Warsash, U.K., where he specializes in shiphandling training using manned models, bridge team management training on full-mission ship-bridge simulators, radar, vessel traffic system training, and port development contracts. He received maritime training from the College of Maritime Studies, earning his Master Mariner Certificate in l976. Mr. Barber has been an instructor and lecturer for a full range of computer-based and physical scale manned-model training simulations. He participated in an assessment of radar simulation use part of COST 301, the European Economic Community's broad examination of vessel traffic services. His consultancies included port



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