ships. Earlier, Captain MacElrevey authored Shiphandling for the Mariner, a leading book on the art of shiphandling presently in its third edition. He also authored numerous manuals and guides on shiphandling, marine operations, and training and watchkeeping for El Paso Marine Company and the Panama Canal Commission, along with various other marine publications. Captain MacElverey served as an officer in the U.S. Naval Reserve. Memberships include the Council of American Master Mariners; the Pilot Division of the International Organization of Masters, Mates, and Pilots; and the Panama Canal Pilot's Association.

EDMOND L. MANDIN American President Lines (APL) (retired), received his B.S. in nautical science from the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy. He provides marine operations consulting services to APL and other clients. Captain Mandin joined APL in 1948, and was assigned as master in 1961. He commanded 17 APL ships on worldwide trade routes. Appointed marine superintendent in 1987, he initiated and implemented companywide deck department personnel standards, produced and instituted training criteria, developed bridge team management and emergency response team underway training, and contributed to the development of a pilotage training curriculum. He also originated and implemented a system of vessel handling in heavy weather through applied meteorology, wave motion, and ship response techniques. His memberships include the International Organization of Masters, Mates, and Pilots and Council of American Master Mariners, of which he was a founding member of a local chapter.

ROBERT J. MEURN is currently full professor, Department of Marine Transportation, U.S. Merchant Marine Academy (USMMA), Kings Point, New York. Master mariner and captain, U.S. Naval Reserve (retired), Professor Meurn received his B.S. in nautical science from the USMMA and his M.A. in higher education from the George Washington University. He taught at the Texas Maritime Academy, was commandant of cadets and executive officer of the TS Texas Clipper, and was selected by the USMMA as teacher of the year in 1978. In 1981 he initiated the first watchstanding course in the United States for cadets, using the Computer Aided Operations Research Facility simulator. In 1983 he was honored again as teacher of the year at USMMA, where he served as head, Nautical Science Division. He coauthored the second edition of Marine Cargo Operations in 1985 and authored Watchstanding Guide for the Merchant Officer in 1990 and Survival Guide for the Mariner in 1993. In 1995 he was the recipient of the U.S. Department of Transportation's Bronze Medal award for his contributions to safety in marine transportation. Professor Meurn has sailed with U.S. Lines, Farrell Lines, American Export Lines, Moore-McCormack Lines, Grace Lines, and the Military Sealift Command as relief master and chief mate. His memberships include the International Marine Simulation Forum, International Radar and Navigation Simulator Lecturers' Conference, Maritime Training Advisory Board, the International Cargo Handling Coordination Association, and the International Maritime Lecturers Association.



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