J. NICHOLAS NEWMAN, NAE, is professor of naval architecture, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He received his S.B. in naval architecture and marine engineering, S.M. in naval architecture and marine engineering, and Sc.D. in theoretical hydrodynamics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Prior to joining the MIT faculty in 1967, he was a research naval architect with the David Taylor Research Center and adjunct professor, American University. His primary scientific contributions include theoretical and computational studies applicable to the interactions of ocean waves with ships and offshore platforms and wave resistance of ships. Other contributions include performance of sailing vessels, theoretical studies of maneuvering performance of ships in confined waters, and algorithms for use in navigation. He chaired the International Workshop on Water Waves and Floating Bodies in 1986 and 1988. Dr. Newman published Marine Hydrodynamics in 1977; he has also authored numerous other papers. He is a fellow of the Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers and of the Royal Institutions of Naval Architects. He is a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and a foreign member of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters.
RICHARD A. SUTHERLAND, U.S. Coast Guard (retired), received his B.S. in engineering from the U.S. Coast Guard Academy. Captain Sutherland completed 30 years of Coast Guard service in 1988, as chief, Marine Safety Division in the Eighth Coast Guard District. During his Coast Guard service, he specialized in merchant marine safety and marine licensing. While serving as chief, Merchant Vessel Personnel Division, Office of Marine Safety, he managed the marine licensing program, including federal and Great Lakes pilotage, established national policies that permitted use of shiphandling simulation to gain sea-time equivalency required in marine licensing, and instituted computer-based record storage in the marine licensing program. He also headed U.S. delegations to five international meetings and served as technical advisor for seven additional meetings of the International Maritime Organization. Captain Sutherland served five years afloat in deck and engineering assignments.