. "Appendix B: International Marine Certification Roles, Responsibilities, and Standards." Simulated Voyages: Using Simulation Technology to Train and License Mariners. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 1996.
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It also encourages the certificate or license to indicate the extent of a pilot's authority to provide services, such as maximum size, draft, or tonnage. With respect to continued proficiency and the updating of knowledge, the resolution states that the competent authority must satisfy itself that, at not greater than five-year intervals and after extended absences from service, all pilots for which it exercises jurisdiction:
continue to possess recent navigational knowledge of the local area to which the certificate or license applies;
continue to meet the medical fitness standards [prescribed in the resolution];
possess knowledge of the current international, national, and local laws, regulations, and other requirements and provisions relevant to the pilotage area or duties (IMO, 1981).
The resolution also recommends that each competent authority have control over the training and certification of pilots, including:
the development of standards;
administration of prerequisites for training, examination, and the issuance of certificates or licenses; and
the investigation of incidents involving the service of pilots (IMO, 1981).
Recommended knowledge requirements for maritime pilots include:
boundaries of local pilotage service areas;
the International Rules for the Preventing of Collisions at Sea and applicable national and local safety and pollution prevention rules;
systems of buoyage in use in the pilotage service area;
characteristics of local lighted aids to navigation, fog signals, and beacons;
all relevant information about other aids to navigation in the pilotage service area;
pertinent channel, geographic, and topographic data;
proper courses and distances;
traffic separation and routing schemes, ships' services, and traffic management systems (i.e., vessel traffic services);
hydrographic data, including tidal and current effects;
ship-bridge equipment and other navigational aids;
radar and automatic radar plotting aids;
communications and available navigational information;
radio navigational warning broadcast systems;
maneuvering characteristics for all vessels piloted, including any limitations associated with various propulsion and steering systems;
hydrodynamic and other physical factors affecting ship performance;