. "Appendix D: Hydrodynamics, Physical Models, and Mathematical Modeling." Simulated Voyages: Using Simulation Technology to Train and License Mariners. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 1996.
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Operations in shallow water, in restricted water (including banks), and interactions with other ships also produce significant changes in the dynamic course stability of the hull, which in turn results in different maneuvering behaviors. Vessel draft, and especially trim, are also critical parameters affecting dynamic course stability. Physical models automatically account for these behaviors,