APPENDIX C Development of Deep Submersible Vehicles in the United States: 1958–1994

Date

Submersible

Status

1958

TRIESTE

Retired, 1964

1959

1960

1961

SPORTSMAN 300

Retired (ca 1965)

1962

PC3-X

Retired (ca 1978)

1963

PC-3B

Retired (ca 1967)

 

SPORTSMAN 600

Retired (ca 1967)

 

STAR I

Retired (ca 1966)

1964

ASHERAH

Retired (ca 1970)

 

ALUMINAUT

Retired (ca 1974)

 

ALVIN

Active (modified 1973)

 

DEEP JEEP

Retired (ca 1967)

 

PERRY PC 3A (2 bit)

Retired, 1975

 

TRIESTE II

Retired, 1966

1965

DEEP STAR 4000

Retired (ca 1972)

1966

HIKINO

Retired (ca 1968)

 

MORAY

Retired (ca 1969)

 

STAR II

Retired, 1991

 

STAR III

Retired (ca 1974)

 

TRIESTE II (No. 2)

Retired, 1982

 

KITTREDGE K-250

(41 built from 1966–1980; most are retired)

1967

DEEP QUEST

 

 

PAULO I (SEA OTTER)

Retired (ca 1988)

 

 

Inactive

1968

BEAVER

Retired (ca 1985)

 

BEN FRANKLIN

Retired (ca 1971)

 

DEEP DIVER (PLC4)

Retired (ca 1972)

 

DOWB

Retired (ca 1972)

 

SHELF DIVER

Inactive

 

TURTLE

Active (modified 1985)

 

NEKTON ALPHA

Inactive

1969

DEEPSTAR 2000

Retired (ca 1977)

 

KUMUKAHI

Retired (ca 1973)

 

NR-1

Active

 

SNOOPER

Active

1970

DSRV-1

Active

 

NEKTON BETA

Inactive

 

NEMO

Retired

 

SEA CLIFF

Active (modified 1982)

 

SURVEY SUB 1 (PC-9)

Retired (ca 1974)



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OCR for page 93
APPENDIX C Development of Deep Submersible Vehicles in the United States: 1958–1994 Date Submersible Status 1958 TRIESTE Retired, 1964 1959 — — 1960 — — 1961 SPORTSMAN 300 Retired (ca 1965) 1962 PC3-X Retired (ca 1978) 1963 PC-3B Retired (ca 1967)   SPORTSMAN 600 Retired (ca 1967)   STAR I Retired (ca 1966) 1964 ASHERAH Retired (ca 1970)   ALUMINAUT Retired (ca 1974)   ALVIN Active (modified 1973)   DEEP JEEP Retired (ca 1967)   PERRY PC 3A (2 bit) Retired, 1975   TRIESTE II Retired, 1966 1965 DEEP STAR 4000 Retired (ca 1972) 1966 HIKINO Retired (ca 1968)   MORAY Retired (ca 1969)   STAR II Retired, 1991   STAR III Retired (ca 1974)   TRIESTE II (No. 2) Retired, 1982   KITTREDGE K-250 (41 built from 1966–1980; most are retired) 1967 DEEP QUEST     PAULO I (SEA OTTER) Retired (ca 1988)     Inactive 1968 BEAVER Retired (ca 1985)   BEN FRANKLIN Retired (ca 1971)   DEEP DIVER (PLC4) Retired (ca 1972)   DOWB Retired (ca 1972)   SHELF DIVER Inactive   TURTLE Active (modified 1985)   NEKTON ALPHA Inactive 1969 DEEPSTAR 2000 Retired (ca 1977)   KUMUKAHI Retired (ca 1973)   NR-1 Active   SNOOPER Active 1970 DSRV-1 Active   NEKTON BETA Inactive   NEMO Retired   SEA CLIFF Active (modified 1982)   SURVEY SUB 1 (PC-9) Retired (ca 1974)

OCR for page 93
Date Submersible Status 1971 DEEP VIEW Retired (ca 1973)   DSRV-2 Active   MAKAKAI Retired (ca 1975)   NEKTON GAMMA Active   SEA-LINK I Active 1972 OPSUB (PERRY) Retired (ca 1974)   SEA RANGER Retired (ca 1980) 1973 — — 1974 PC-14C-1 CLELIA Active   (ex DIAPHUS)   1975 SEA-LINK II Active   PERRY PC-14C-2 Active 1976 PISCES VI Inactive 1977 — — 1978 PIONEER I Inactive 1979 — — 1980 — — 1981 — — 1982 DELTA Active 1983 PERRY PC-1805 Inactive 1984 DEEP ROVER Active NOTES: This table does not include ROVs or AUVs. DSVs in bold italics were developed by U.S. Navy. This table does not include one-off and backyard submersibles. The line between inactive and retired is not precise. In general, inactive refers to DSVs that can be put back into service without excessive restoration. Retired designates submersibles that cannot be put back into service, have been given to museums, junked, or are similarly unavailable. During years with dashes, no DSVs were put into service. The submersibles listed were built in the United States and worked at least part of their lives for U.S. companies. Not included are DSVs built by U.S. companies (primarily Perry) and exported or foreign-built DSVs now used by U.S. companies.