APPENDIX E Deep Submersible Vehicles in Service or Available Worldwide

Country

Submersible

Operator

Depth

Date Built or Modified

USAa

Alvin

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

4,500 m

1964/mod 1973

 

Clelia

Harbor Branch Institution of Oceanography

350 m

1974

 

Delta

Delta Oceanographics, Inc.

300 m

1982

 

Diving Saucer

Jacques Cousteau Society

350 m

1959

 

Nekton Gamma

Carribean Research Lab

300 m

1970

 

NR-1

U.S. Navy

700 m

1969

 

Pisces V

University of Hawaii

1,500 m

1973

 

Sea Cliff

U.S. Navy

6,000 m

1964/mod 1982

 

Sea-Link 1

Harbor Branch

800 m

1971

 

Sea-Link 2

Harbor Branch

800 m

1975

 

Snooper

Undersea Graphics

300 m

1969

 

Turtle

U.S. Navy

3,000 m

1968/mod 1985

Russiab

Argos

P.P. Shirshov Institute

600 m

1975

 

MIR I

P.P. Shirshov Institute

6,000 m

1987

 

MIR II

P.P. Shirshov Institute

6,000 m

1987

 

Osmotr

P.P. Shirshov Institute

300 m

1985

 

Pisces XI

P.P. Shirshov Institute

2,000 m

1975

 

Pisces VII

P.P. Shirshov Institute

2,000 m

1975

Ukrainec

Sever 2

Academy of Science

2,000 m

1969

 

Sever 2 Bis

Academy of Science

2,000 m

1970

 

Benthos I

Academy of Science

300 m

1969

 

Benthos II

Academy of Science

300 m

1972

 

Tinro-2

Academy of Science

400 m

1973

 

Tinro-2 Bis

Academy of Science

400 m

1974

Franced

Cyana

IFREMER

3,000 m

1970

 

Deep Rover 2

Ellipse Program

1,000 m

1994

 

Deep Rover 2

Ellipse Program

1,000 m

1994

 

Nautile

IFREMER

6,000 m

1985

 

Saga

IFREMER

600 m

1987

 

SO-450-Vaimana

Papete, Tahiti

Industrie et

Tourisme Sous-Marin

450 m

1982

Japan

Shinkai 2000

JAMSTEC

2,000 m

1981

 

Shinkai 6500

JAMSTEC

6,500 m

1987

Canada

Deep Rover

Can Dive

1,000 m

1984

 

Pisces IV

Institute of Ocean Science

2,000 m

1972



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 96
APPENDIX E Deep Submersible Vehicles in Service or Available Worldwide Country Submersible Operator Depth Date Built or Modified USAa Alvin Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution 4,500 m 1964/mod 1973   Clelia Harbor Branch Institution of Oceanography 350 m 1974   Delta Delta Oceanographics, Inc. 300 m 1982   Diving Saucer Jacques Cousteau Society 350 m 1959   Nekton Gamma Carribean Research Lab 300 m 1970   NR-1 U.S. Navy 700 m 1969   Pisces V University of Hawaii 1,500 m 1973   Sea Cliff U.S. Navy 6,000 m 1964/mod 1982   Sea-Link 1 Harbor Branch 800 m 1971   Sea-Link 2 Harbor Branch 800 m 1975   Snooper Undersea Graphics 300 m 1969   Turtle U.S. Navy 3,000 m 1968/mod 1985 Russiab Argos P.P. Shirshov Institute 600 m 1975   MIR I P.P. Shirshov Institute 6,000 m 1987   MIR II P.P. Shirshov Institute 6,000 m 1987   Osmotr P.P. Shirshov Institute 300 m 1985   Pisces XI P.P. Shirshov Institute 2,000 m 1975   Pisces VII P.P. Shirshov Institute 2,000 m 1975 Ukrainec Sever 2 Academy of Science 2,000 m 1969   Sever 2 Bis Academy of Science 2,000 m 1970   Benthos I Academy of Science 300 m 1969   Benthos II Academy of Science 300 m 1972   Tinro-2 Academy of Science 400 m 1973   Tinro-2 Bis Academy of Science 400 m 1974 Franced Cyana IFREMER 3,000 m 1970   Deep Rover 2 Ellipse Program 1,000 m 1994   Deep Rover 2 Ellipse Program 1,000 m 1994   Nautile IFREMER 6,000 m 1985   Saga IFREMER 600 m 1987   SO-450-Vaimana Papete, Tahiti Industrie et Tourisme Sous-Marin 450 m 1982 Japan Shinkai 2000 JAMSTEC 2,000 m 1981   Shinkai 6500 JAMSTEC 6,500 m 1987 Canada Deep Rover Can Dive 1,000 m 1984   Pisces IV Institute of Ocean Science 2,000 m 1972

OCR for page 96
Country Submersible Operator Depth Date Built or Modified Romaniae SC-200 Institute of Oceanology 200 m 1979   SM-358 Institute of Oceanology 300 m 1979 Switzerland A.F. Forel Piccard 500 m 1979 Germany JAGO Max Planck Institute 500 m 1990 Finland SM 80/2 Finnish National Board of Waters and Environment 500 m 1990 South Koreaf Hae Yang 250 Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute 100 m 1988 Bulgariag PC-8 Institute of Oceanology 200 m 1981 SOURCE: Don Walsh, International Maritime, Inc. a U.S. Navy submersibles primarily support Navy missions; however, significant amounts of time are provided to the U.S. marine science community each year. b Because of uncertain economic conditions in Russia, few operations are being conducted at present. Several of these submersibles have been offered for sale. c Because of uncertain economic conditions in Ukraine, few operations are being conducted at present. Several of these submersibles have been offered for sale. d Saga is currently in storage. The SO-450 will be used in French Polynesia for scientific and commercial operations. e The operational status of these submersibles is unknown because of uncertain economic conditions in Romania. f This Kordi submersible was built in Korea and is currently inactive. g Because of uncertain economic conditions in Bulgaria, this submersible is believed to be inactive.

OCR for page 96
This page in the original is blank.