Appendix E
Biographical Sketches

Committee

RICHARD E. BEHRMAN (Chair) currently serves as the Managing Director of the David and Lucile Packard Foundation Center for the Future of Children in Los Altos, California. Previously, he was at the Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, where he was vice president of medical affairs and dean. Dr. Behrman graduated from Amherst College and received his J.D. degree from Harvard University and M.D. degree from the University of Rochester. Former positions include professor and department chair of pediatrics at the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University and at Case Western Reserve University, chairman of the Department of Perinatal Physiology at the oregon Regional Primate Research Center, and section chief for physiology and biochemistry at the National Institute for Neurological Diseases and Blindness. As a member of the Institute of Medicine, Dr. Behrman served as vice chair for the Committee on Department of Energy Radiation Epidemiological Research Programs for the Board on Radiation Effects Research. He holds memberships in the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Pediatrics Society, the Perinatal Research Society, Sigma Xi, and the Society for Pediatric Research, for which he served a term as vice president. At the National Research Council he served on the Board of Maternal, Child, and Family Health Research.

BARBARA ABRAMS is an Associate Professor of Public Health, Nutrition, and Epidemiology, School of Public Health at the University of California, Berkeley. She has a cross appointment in maternal and child health while holding membership in the Graduate Group in Nutrition. Concurrently, she is an



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--> Appendix E Biographical Sketches Committee RICHARD E. BEHRMAN (Chair) currently serves as the Managing Director of the David and Lucile Packard Foundation Center for the Future of Children in Los Altos, California. Previously, he was at the Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, where he was vice president of medical affairs and dean. Dr. Behrman graduated from Amherst College and received his J.D. degree from Harvard University and M.D. degree from the University of Rochester. Former positions include professor and department chair of pediatrics at the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University and at Case Western Reserve University, chairman of the Department of Perinatal Physiology at the oregon Regional Primate Research Center, and section chief for physiology and biochemistry at the National Institute for Neurological Diseases and Blindness. As a member of the Institute of Medicine, Dr. Behrman served as vice chair for the Committee on Department of Energy Radiation Epidemiological Research Programs for the Board on Radiation Effects Research. He holds memberships in the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Pediatrics Society, the Perinatal Research Society, Sigma Xi, and the Society for Pediatric Research, for which he served a term as vice president. At the National Research Council he served on the Board of Maternal, Child, and Family Health Research. BARBARA ABRAMS is an Associate Professor of Public Health, Nutrition, and Epidemiology, School of Public Health at the University of California, Berkeley. She has a cross appointment in maternal and child health while holding membership in the Graduate Group in Nutrition. Concurrently, she is an

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--> assistant professor in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences at the University of California, San Francisco, where she had been a lecturer and clinical nutritionist. Previously, she was a lecturer at Stanford University and a research nutritionist at the University of California, Berkeley and the Kaiser Foundation Research Institute. Dr. Abrams received her B.S. in nutrition and dietetics from Simmons College in Boston. She continued her education at the University of California, Berkeley, where she earned her M.P.H. in nutrition, M.S. in epidemiology, and Dr.P.H. in nutrition. For the National Academy of Sciences, Dr. Abrams served on the Food and Nutrition Board's Committee on Nutritional Status During Pregnancy and Lactation and its Subcommittee for a Clinical Application Guide. She currently is a panel member for the WIC Eligibility Study II and the Low Birthweight in Minority and High-Risk Women PORT Project. Dr. Abrams is a member of the American Dietetic Association, American Institute of Nutrition, American Public Health Association, American Society for Clinical Nutrition, Jacobs Institute of Women's Health, Society for Epidemiologic Research, and Society for Nutrition Education. MARY ELLEN COLLINS is the Director of the Department of Nutrition at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. She formerly held the directorships of dietetics and nutrition and of the dietetic internship at the hospital. Her responsibilities include managing the development, coordination, implementation, and evaluation of nutrition services and programs in tertiary, ambulatory, clinical research, and community settings. As such, she manages the Neighborhood Health Center's Women, Infants, and Children Nutrition Programs. Ms. Collins earned her B.S. in nutrition from Framingham State College in Massachusetts and her M.Ed. in nutrition education from Tufts University Graduate School. She was awarded the Medallion Award from the American Dietetic Association, a World Health organization Fellowship to University of London, New Zealand, and a Churchill Fellowship to the University of London—the first given to an American dietitian. Additional special assignments include the National Nutrition Policy Study, nutrition consultant to the Office of Economic Opportunity-Apache Tribal Council, and Scientific Liaison Staff, White House Conference on Food, Nutrition, and Health. Ms. Collins is a member of the American Dietetic Association, the American Diabetes Association, and the American Heart Association. CATHERINE COWELL is a Clinical Professor of Public Health at the Center for Population and Family Health, Columbia University, School of Public Health. She also held positions at New York University, City University of New York, University of Iowa, and Albert Einstein School of Medicine. Dr. Cowell is a former director of the Bureau of Nutrition in the New York City Department of Health, where staff provided public health nutrition services for

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--> at risk subpopulation groups including a large WIC program serving infants and young children enrolled in well-baby clinics. She serves as both a federal and regional nutrition consultant to the Head Start program. Dr. Cowell is a member of several committees and governing boards regarding children and nutrition in New York and held the top leadership positions in several of these over the years. She is an American Public Health Association fellow and an associate fellow for the New York Academy of Medicine. Likewise, she is a member of the American Association of Family and Consumer Sciences, Omicron Nu, and Pi Delta Kappa. After receiving her B.S. in nutrition and home economics from the Hampton University in Hampton, Virginia, she earned her M.S. in nutrition from the University of Connecticut and Ph.D. in nutrition from the New York University. BARBARA L. DEVANEY is a Senior Fellow at Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., Princeton, New Jersey. Dr. Devaney has 18 years of experience in designing and conducting program evaluations, and has conducted numerous studies of the WIC program. She was the principal investigator of the WIC-Medicaid study that estimated the effects of prenatal WIC participation and prenatal care adequacy on birth outcomes and Medicaid costs during the first 60 days after birth. In addition, she conducted analyses of the effects of WIC participation on infant mortality and very low birthweight among Medicaid newborns, and has investigated the infant feeding practices, health care utilization, and immunization status of infant WIC participants. Her other work at MPR focuses on maternal and child health policy. Dr. Devaney previously taught courses in economics and statistics at Duke University and The Johns Hopkins University. Dr. Devaney received her B.A. in economics from Mount Holyoke College and her Ph.D. in economics from the University of Michigan. LEON GORDIS is a Professor in the Department of Pediatrics in The Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health and in the Department of Pediatrics at The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, where he also is Associate Dean for Admissions and Academic Affairs. He earned a B.A. from Columbia University, B.H.L. from the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York, M.D. from the State University of New York's Downstate Medical Center, and M.P.H. and Dr.P.H. at The Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health. He is a member of the Board of Scientific Counselors of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, and chairman of the Fox Chase Cancer Center's External Advisory Committee to the Population Science Program. He chaired the Society for Epidemiologic Research's Committee on Access to Research Data; NIH-NIA's ad-hoc Scientific Advisory Committee for the Epidemiology, Demography, and Biometry Program; and Institute of Medicine's Section IX Membership Committee. Dr. Gordis' professional memberships include the American Epidemiological Society, Society for

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--> Epidemiologic Research, American Pediatric Society, Society for Pediatric Research, Ambulatory Pediatric Society, and American Public Health Association. He has served as president of the Society for Epidemiologic Research and of the American Epidemiological Society. He has served as an editor of Epidemiologic Reviews and edited a monograph on Epidemiology and Health Risk Assessment. JEAN-PIERRE HABICHT is a Professor of Nutritional Epidemiology in the Division of Nutrition Sciences at Cornell University. His other professional experience includes special assistant to the director of Division of Health Examination Statistics at the National Center for Health Statistics, WHO medical officer at the Instituto de Nutricion de Centro America y Panama, and professor of maternal and child health at the University of San Carlos in Guatemala. Currently, Dr. Habicht serves as an advisor to United Nations and government health and nutrition agencies. He is a member of the Expert Advisory Panel on Nutrition, World Health organization, and has been a member of the Food and Nutrition Board and the UN Advisory Group on Nutrition. He has served as a consultant to the Ford Foundation's Urban Poverty Program for design of a technical review of the follow-up study of children for the National WIC program. He is a fellow of the American College of Epidemiology. Dr. Habicht received his M.D. from the Universities of Geneva and Zurich, his M.P.H. from the Harvard School of Public Health, and the Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. K. MICHAEL HAMBIDGE is a Professor of Pediatrics at the University of Colorado Health Science Center. Concurrently, he is the director of the Children's Clinical Research Center and the Center for Human Nutrition. He has received both the Borden Award from the American Institute of Nutrition and the Nutrition Award form the American Academy of Pediatrics. He is a member of the Food and Nutrition Board (FNB) and serves as the FNB liaison to this committee. From Cambridge University, he received his B.A. and an honorary Sc.D. Dr. Hambidge also earned his M.B. and B.Chir. from the Westminster Medical School. GAIL G. HARRISON is a Professor in the Department of Community Health Sciences at the UCLA School of Public Health. Prior to this, she was professor in the Department of Family and Community Medicine at the University of Arizona. Dr. Harrison is a former member of the Food and Nutrition Board and has served on several of its committees, including the Committee on International Nutrition Program. She chaired the Panel on Factors Affecting Food Selection for the Committee on Food Consumption Patterns and the National Research Council's U.S. National Committee to the International Union of Nutritional Sciences. She has served in various capacities for NIH, USDA, WHO, and UNICEF. She directed a technical review of several issues relative to

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--> the nutritional risk criteria for the WIC program in 1990–1991, and has served as a technical consultant to the WIC program of the Public Health Foundation of Los Angeles. Dr. Harrison belongs to the American Anthropological Association, the American Institute of Nutrition, the Society for International Nutrition, the Western Society for Pediatric Research, and the Society for Pediatric Research. Dr. Harrison earned a B.S. degree in foods and nutrition from the University of California, Santa Barbara, a M.N.S. from Cornell University, and a Ph.D. in physical anthropology at the University of Arizona. JEAN YAVIS JONES is a Legislative Specialist and Head of the Food and Agriculture Section of the Environment and Natural Resources Division for the Library of Congress' Congressional Research Service. Her responsibilities cover research, policy analysis and counsel on legislation and public policy issues. Her areas of specialty include domestic hunger and food programs such as WIC, school food programs, and food stamps. Ms. Jones has developed a close working relationship with various congressional committees and Department of Agriculture agencies. She has served on various USDA panels, including the National Hunger Forum, is a member of the Institute for Educational Leadership, and is on the faculty of the CRS Legislative Institute. Ms. Jones is a member of the Library of Congress Professional Association, American Historical Association, organization of American Historians, and Congressional Research Employees Association, for which she served on the Board of Governors and as vice president and president. Ms. Jones completed a B.A. in history at Rutgers University and an M.A. in History at the University of Maryland. ROY PITKIN is the Chair of and a Professor in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the UCLA School of Medicine. Formerly, he served as department chair and was a professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of Iowa College of Medicine; prior to that, he was an assistant professor at the University of Illinois. Dr. Pitkin received both his B.A. and M.D. from the University of Iowa and has been certified in maternal-fetal medicine for 20 years. As a member of the Institute of Medicine, he recently chaired the activities of the Food and Nutrition Board's Committee on Nutrition During Pregnancy and Lactation. Additionally, Dr. Pitkin is a member of the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology and chaired its Committee on Nutrition. Other memberships include Society for Gynecological Investment, for which he served as president; Perinatal Research Society; Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine; American Gynecology and Obstetrics Society; AMA, from which he received the Joseph B. Goldberger Award; Society for Perinatal Obstetricians, for which he served as president; and American Federation for Clinical Research.

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--> ERNESTO POLLITT is a Professor of Human Development in the Department of Pediatrics at the University of California, Davis School of Medicine. Additionally, he is a professor of graduate group of nutrition and of human development and a child psychologist in the agricultural experiment station. He received his B.A. at the Catholic University of Lima, Peru, where he also become a psychologist at the Institute of Psychology; he earned his Ph.D. in the Department of Child Development and Family Relationships at Cornell University. Dr. Pollitt's prior teaching experience includes professorships at the University of California, Davis, and the University of Texas Health Science Center in Houston. He is a Human Biology Council fellow and member of American Society of Clinical Nutrition, Society for Research in Child Development, and American Public Health Association. On numerous occasions, Dr. Pollitt provided technical assistance as a consultant to the World Bank, UNESCO, WHO, and UNICEF. Currently, he is chair of the Nutrition and Behavioral Development Committee of the International Union of Nutrition Scientists, member of the Long Range Planning Committee and Advisory Committee of IDECG, and senior advisor to the Food Biotechnology and Poverty Program of the United Nations University in Tokyo. KATHLEEN M. RASMUSSEN is Professor in the Division on Nutritional Sciences at Cornell University, where her research focuses on maternal and child nutrition, particularly pregnancy and lactation. She is program director of an NIH-sponsored training program in maternal and child nutrition. Dr. Rasmussen previously served on two Food and Nutrition Board committees, the Committee on Nutrition During Pregnancy and Lactation as well as its Subcommittee on Nutrition During Lactation. Dr. Rasmussen was a Pew Faculty Scholar in Nutrition; she earned her A.B. degree at Brown University and her Sc.M. and Sc.D. degrees from Harvard University, and is a registered dietitian. EARNESTINE WILLIS is Director, Center for the Advancement of Urban Children, and Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics at the Medical College of Wisconsin, MACC Fund Research Center. Formerly, Dr. Willis was associate section chief of general pediatrics at the University of Chicago, associate professor of clinical pediatrics, and medical director of the Woodlawn Maternal and Child Health Center. Dr. Willis was a recent Robert Wood Johnson Health Policy Fellow, working as a health aide to Senator Robert Dole. Among her many professional activities, she actively serves on the Illinois Governor's Task Force on Health Care Reform; past activities include serving as vice president of Leadership Greater Chicago and as a board of directors member of Chicago Children's Museum. Dr. Willis was the recipient of the 1992 Colgate-Palmolive ''Model of Excellence Award." She earned her B.S. in mathematics from Tougaloo College in Mississippi, her M.D. from Harvard Medical School, and her M.P.H. from Harvard School of Public Health.

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--> Staff ROBERT EARL, Study Director until November 1995, Committee on Scientific Evaluation of WIC Nutrition Risk Criteria, has been a Program Officer with the Food and Nutrition Board (FNB) since 1990. In addition to his most recent service as Program Officer for the Committee on the Prevention, Detection, and Management of Iron Deficiency Anemia Among U.S. Children and Women of Childbearing Age, he was Director of the FNB's Food Forum and was Program Officer of studies by the Committee on Opportunities in the Nutrition and Food Sciences, the Committee on the Nutrition Components of Food Labeling, and the Committee on State Food Labeling. Prior to joining the Institute of Medicine, Mr. Earl was Administrator of Government Affairs for the American Dietetic Association, Washington, D.C. Previously, he was statewide nutrition consultant with the Texas Department of Health, Austin. Mr. Earl is a member of Delta Omega National Public Health Honorary Society. He is a member of the American Dietetic Association and the Institute for Food Technologists and serves on the Governing Council the American Public Health Association. Mr. Earl holds a B.S. in human nutrition from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, an M.P.H. from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and is working on a doctorate in public policy at the Center for Public Administration and Policy at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Falls Church. CAROL WEST SUITOR, Study Director beginning November 1995, served as a Program Officer for the Food and Nutrition Board from 1988 to 1992 and returned to serve as Senior Program Officer in 1994. She served as Study Director for the Committee on Nutritional Status During Pregnancy and Lactation and its four subcommittees and for the Committee on Defense Women's Health Research. She is currently Study Director for the Committee on Military Nursing Research. At Harvard School of Public Health, Dr. Suitor worked on the development and testing of instruments for collecting dietary information from low-income women. At the National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health, Georgetown University, Dr. Suitor managed projects on maternal and child nutrition, breastfeeding, cultural diversity, and children with special health care needs. Dr. Suitor earned a B.S. degree from Cornell University, an M.S. from the University of California at Berkeley, and an Sc.M. and Sc.D. from Harvard School of Public Health. ALLISON A. YATES is the Director of the Food and Nutrition Board. She is a registered dietitian, having completed a master of science in public health at U.C.L.A. and a dietetic internship at the Los Angeles Veteran's Administration Hospital, prior to working for the Los Angeles County Department of Health as a public health nutritionist. She earned a doctorate in human nutrition from the

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--> University of California at Berkeley, did postdoctoral work there, and has since served as a faculty member in nutrition and dietetics at the University of Texas Health Science Center in Houston and at Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta. She currently is on leave from the University of Southern Mississippi in Hattiesburg, where she has served as Dean of the College of Health and Human Sciences for the past 7 years and as Professor of Foods and Nutrition. Dr. Yates is a member of the American Institute of Nutrition, the American Dietetic Association, the Institute of Food Technologists, and the American Public Health Association, and served on the Committee on Military Nutrition Research of the FNB from 1981–1985 and 1991–1994. She has conducted research on essential fatty acid and vitamin E deficiencies in animals, soy protein utilization and methionine requirements in men, and protein and energy requirements in older men and women. SANDRA A. SCHLICKER is a senior program officer with the Food and Nutrition Board and serves as Study Director for the Food Forum. Prior to joining the Food and Nutrition Board, Dr. Schlicker was Vice-President of a consulting/research firm that focused on public policy issues in the fields of nutrition, health, and agriculture. She came to Washington, D.C. in 1982 as the Nutrition Advisor to the Administrator of USDA's Food and Consumer Service after several years as a nutritionist with the food industry. After earning a B.S. in Science and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Foods and Nutrition from The Pennsylvania State University, she became a faculty member at Purdue University. SHEILA MOATS has been a Research Associate with the Food and Nutrition Board (FNB) since 1990. She has worked on a number of studies, including those of the Committee to Develop Criteria for Evaluating the Outcomes of Approaches to Prevent and Treat Obesity, the Committee on Opportunities in the Nutrition and Food Sciences, the Committee on Nutrition During Pregnancy and Lactation and the Subcommittee for a Clinical Application Guide, the Committee on the Food Chemicals Codex, and the Food Additives Survey Committee. Ms. Moats received the Institute of Medicine Staff Achievement Award in 1993. Prior to joining the Institute of Medicine, she was coordinator of patient information for the national office of the American Diabetes Association, worked in the department of dietetics at the Alexandria Hospital in Alexandria, Virginia, and assisted in nutrition research at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center. Ms. Moats received her B.S. degree in Nutrition Science from The Pennsylvania State University. KIMBERLY A. BREWER is a Research Assistant in the Institute of Medicine's Food and Nutrition Board and Board on International Health. Ms. Brewer's focus has been on environmental health, epidemiology, international health policy and programs, and maternal and child health promotion. Ms.

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--> Brewer received a B.A. from Colby College in government and her M.P.H. in international health policy and programs from the George Washington University. Prior to her work with the Committee on Scientific Evaluation of WIC Nutrition Risk Criteria, Ms. Brewer worked with the Committee to Reduce Lead Exposure in the Americas and with the Steering Committee on the Implications of Trade Liberalization for the Health Sector with the Board on International Health.

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