References

Agrawal, S., and A. Atreya. 1992. Wind-aided flame spread over an unsteady vaporizing solid. Pp. 1685–1693 in Twenty-Fourth Symposium (International) on Combustion. Pittsburgh, Pa.: The Combustion Institute.

Airbus Industries. 1979. Fire and Smoke Toxicity Test Specifications. ATS-1000.01. Toulouse, France: Airbus Industries.

Amos, B., and A.C. Fernandez-Pello. 1988. Model of the ignition and flame development on a vaporizing combustible surface in a stagnation point flow: ignition by vapor fuel radiation absorption . Combustion Science and Technology 62:331–343.

Aseeva, R.M., and G.E. Zaikov. 1985. Flammability of polymeric materials. Advances in Polymer Science 70:172–229.

ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials). 1983. Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials. ASTM E-662. Philadelphia, Pa.: ASTM.

ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials). 1988. Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source. ASTM E-162. Philadelphia, Pa.: ASTM.

ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials). 1990. Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter. ASTM E-1354. Philadelphia, Pa.: ASTM.

ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials). 1994. Standard Terminology of Fire Standards. Pp. 471–475 in Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 04.07, ASTM E-176. Philadelphia, Pa.: ASTM.

Atreya, A., and K. Mekki. 1992. Heat transfer during wind-aided flame spread on a ceiling mounted sample. Pp. 1677–1684 in Twenty-Fourth Symposium (International) on Combustion. Pittsburgh, Pa.: The Combustion Institute.


Babrauskas, V., R.H. Harris, Jr., E. Braun, B.C. Levin, M. Paabo, and R.G. Gann. 1990. Large-scale validation of bench-scale fire toxicity tests. Pp. 3–12 in Interflam '90 Fire Safety, C.A. Franks, ed. London: Interscience Communications Ltd.

Babrauskas, V., R.H. Harris, Jr., E. Braun, B.C. Levin, M. Paabo, and R.G. Gann. 1991a. Large-scale validation of bench-scale fire toxicity tests. Journal of Fire Sciences 9:125–148.

Babrauskas, V., R.H. Harris, Jr., E. Braun, B.C. Levin, M. Paabo, and R.G. Gann. 1991b. The Role of Bench-Scale Test Data in Assessing Real-Scale Fire Toxicity. NIST Technical Note 1284. Gaithersburg, Md.: National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Berg, H.D. 1995. Processing and manufacturing of interior components. Pp. 213–219 in Improved Fire- and Smoke-Resistant Materials for Commercial Aircraft Interiors: A Proceedings. National Materials Advisory Board report NMAB-477-2. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

Boeing Commercial Airplane Group. 1977. Aircraft Fireworthiness Interior Design Criteria. Boeing Document D651377. Seattle, Wash.: Boeing.

Boeing Commercial Airplane Group. 1994. Statistical Summary of Commercial Jet Aircraft Accidents: Worldwide Operations 1959–1993. Document D653810-93. Airplane Safety Engineering. Seattle, Wash.: Boeing.

Boulton, J.M., J. Thompson, H.H. Fox, I. Gorodisher, G. Teowee, P.D. Calvert, and D.R. Uhlmann. 1990. Non-linear organic dyes in polyceram hosts. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings 180:987.

Boyd, R.H. 1970. The relationship between the kinetics and mechanism of thermal depolymerization. Pp. 47–89 in Thermal Stability of Polymers, R.T. Conley, ed. New York: Marcel Dekker.

Braun, E., B.C. Levin, M. Paabo, J.L. Gurman, H.M. Clark, and M.F. Yoklavich. 1988. Large-Scale Compartment Fire Toxicity Study: Comparison With Small-Scale Toxicity Test Results. NBSIR 88-3764. Gaithersburg, Md.: National Bureau of Standards and Technology.

Braun, E., S. Davis, J.H. Klote, B.C. Levin, and M. Paabo. 1990. Assessment of the Fire Performance of School Bus Interior Components. NISTIR 4347. Gaithersburg, Md.: National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Braun, E., J.H. Klote, S. Davis, B.C. Levin, M. Paabo, and R.G. Gann. 1991. An assessment methodology for the fire performance of school bus interior components. Pp. 855–864 in Fire Safety Science—proceedings of the Third International Symposium, G. Cox and B. Langford, eds. New York: Elsevier.


Calvert, P.D. 1994. Polymers for new materials. Polymer 35(21):4484.



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Fire- and Smoke-Resistant Interior Materials for Commercial Transport Aircraft References Agrawal, S., and A. Atreya. 1992. Wind-aided flame spread over an unsteady vaporizing solid. Pp. 1685–1693 in Twenty-Fourth Symposium (International) on Combustion. Pittsburgh, Pa.: The Combustion Institute. Airbus Industries. 1979. Fire and Smoke Toxicity Test Specifications. ATS-1000.01. Toulouse, France: Airbus Industries. Amos, B., and A.C. Fernandez-Pello. 1988. Model of the ignition and flame development on a vaporizing combustible surface in a stagnation point flow: ignition by vapor fuel radiation absorption . Combustion Science and Technology 62:331–343. Aseeva, R.M., and G.E. Zaikov. 1985. Flammability of polymeric materials. Advances in Polymer Science 70:172–229. ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials). 1983. Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials. ASTM E-662. Philadelphia, Pa.: ASTM. ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials). 1988. Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source. ASTM E-162. Philadelphia, Pa.: ASTM. ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials). 1990. Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter. ASTM E-1354. Philadelphia, Pa.: ASTM. ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials). 1994. Standard Terminology of Fire Standards. Pp. 471–475 in Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 04.07, ASTM E-176. Philadelphia, Pa.: ASTM. Atreya, A., and K. Mekki. 1992. Heat transfer during wind-aided flame spread on a ceiling mounted sample. Pp. 1677–1684 in Twenty-Fourth Symposium (International) on Combustion. Pittsburgh, Pa.: The Combustion Institute. Babrauskas, V., R.H. Harris, Jr., E. Braun, B.C. Levin, M. Paabo, and R.G. Gann. 1990. Large-scale validation of bench-scale fire toxicity tests. Pp. 3–12 in Interflam '90 Fire Safety, C.A. Franks, ed. London: Interscience Communications Ltd. Babrauskas, V., R.H. Harris, Jr., E. Braun, B.C. Levin, M. Paabo, and R.G. Gann. 1991a. Large-scale validation of bench-scale fire toxicity tests. Journal of Fire Sciences 9:125–148. Babrauskas, V., R.H. Harris, Jr., E. Braun, B.C. Levin, M. Paabo, and R.G. Gann. 1991b. The Role of Bench-Scale Test Data in Assessing Real-Scale Fire Toxicity. NIST Technical Note 1284. Gaithersburg, Md.: National Institute of Standards and Technology. Berg, H.D. 1995. Processing and manufacturing of interior components. Pp. 213–219 in Improved Fire- and Smoke-Resistant Materials for Commercial Aircraft Interiors: A Proceedings. National Materials Advisory Board report NMAB-477-2. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Boeing Commercial Airplane Group. 1977. Aircraft Fireworthiness Interior Design Criteria. Boeing Document D651377. Seattle, Wash.: Boeing. Boeing Commercial Airplane Group. 1994. Statistical Summary of Commercial Jet Aircraft Accidents: Worldwide Operations 1959–1993. Document D653810-93. Airplane Safety Engineering. Seattle, Wash.: Boeing. Boulton, J.M., J. Thompson, H.H. Fox, I. Gorodisher, G. Teowee, P.D. Calvert, and D.R. Uhlmann. 1990. Non-linear organic dyes in polyceram hosts. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings 180:987. Boyd, R.H. 1970. The relationship between the kinetics and mechanism of thermal depolymerization. Pp. 47–89 in Thermal Stability of Polymers, R.T. Conley, ed. New York: Marcel Dekker. Braun, E., B.C. Levin, M. Paabo, J.L. Gurman, H.M. Clark, and M.F. Yoklavich. 1988. Large-Scale Compartment Fire Toxicity Study: Comparison With Small-Scale Toxicity Test Results. NBSIR 88-3764. Gaithersburg, Md.: National Bureau of Standards and Technology. Braun, E., S. Davis, J.H. Klote, B.C. Levin, and M. Paabo. 1990. Assessment of the Fire Performance of School Bus Interior Components. NISTIR 4347. Gaithersburg, Md.: National Institute of Standards and Technology. Braun, E., J.H. Klote, S. Davis, B.C. Levin, M. Paabo, and R.G. Gann. 1991. An assessment methodology for the fire performance of school bus interior components. Pp. 855–864 in Fire Safety Science—proceedings of the Third International Symposium, G. Cox and B. Langford, eds. New York: Elsevier. Calvert, P.D. 1994. Polymers for new materials. Polymer 35(21):4484.

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