Cleary, T.G., and J.G. Quintiere. 1991. Flammability Characterization of Plastics. NISTIR 4664. Gaithersburg, Md.: National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Coltrain, B.K., C.J. Landry, J.M. O'Reilly, J.M. Chamberlain, G.A. Rakes, J.S. Sedita, L.W. Kelts, M.R. Landry, and V.K. Long. 1993. Role of trialkoxysilane functionalization in the preparation of organic-inorganic composites. Chemistry of Materials 5(10):1445–1455.

Dagani, R. 1992. Nanostructured materials promise to advance range of technologies. C&E News 70:18–24.

Das, S., D.C. Prevorsek, and B.T. DeBona. 1990. Phenolic-triazine resins yield high-performance thermoset composites. Modern Plastics (February) :72–77.

Deshpande, A.P., H.S. Yoon, R. Liepins, and E.M. Pearce. 1970. Some structure-property relationships in polymer flammability: studies on polyethylene terephthalate. Journal of Applied Polymer Science 31:257.

Diehl, R.G. 1993. Applications of continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastics in aircraft interiors. P. 93 in Proceedings of the International Conference for the Promotion of Advanced Fire Resistant Aircraft Materials. Atlantic City, N.J.: Federal Aviation Administration Technical Center.

Dietenberger, M.A. 1992. Upholstered furniture: detailed model. Pp. 479–518 in Heat Release in Fires, V. Babrauskas and S.J. Grayson, eds. New York: Elsevier Applied Science.

DOD (U.S. Department of Defense). 1991. Fire and Toxicity Test Methods and Qualification Procedure for Composite Material Systems Used in Hull, Machinery, and Structural Applications Inside Naval Submarines. MIL-STD-2031(SH). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Defense.

Drysdale, D.D. 1995. Fundamental fire properties of combustible materials. Pp. 37–43 in Improved Fire- and Smoke-Resistant Materials for Commercial Aircraft Interiors: A Proceedings. National Materials Advisory Board report NMAB-477-2. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.


FAA (Federal Aviation Administration). 1980. Special Aviation Fire and Explosion Reduction. FAA-ASF-AT-4. Office of Aviation Safety. Atlantic City, N.J.: FAA Technical Center.

FAA (Federal Aviation Administration). 1990. The Materials Fire Testing Handbook. DOT/FAA/CT-89/15. Atlantic City, N.J.: FAA Technical Center.

FAA (Federal Aviation Administration). 1991. Air Safety Research Plan. Atlantic City, N.J.: FAA Technical Center.

FAA (Federal Aviation Administration). 1993. Fire Research Plan. Atlantic City, N.J.: FAA Technical Center.


Guaita, M., and O. Chiantoe. 1985. Molecular mass changes in the thermal degradation of poly-methystyrene. Polymer Degradation and Stability 11:167–179.

Guaita, M., O. Chiantoe, and L. Costa. 1985. Changes in degree of polymerization in the thermal degradation of polystyrene. Polymer Degradation and Stability 12:315–332.

Guard, P.S. 1994. Consideration and selection of aircraft interior materials. Presentation to the Committee on Improved Fire- and Smoke-Resistant Materials for Commercial Aircraft Interiors. Seattle, Wash., April.

Guard, P.S., and J.M. Peterson. 1993. Future material development trends for commercial airplane interiors. P. 313 in the Proceedings of the International Conference for the Promotion of Advanced Fire Resistant Aircraft Materials. Atlantic City, N.J.: Federal Aviation Administration Technical Center.


Hallman, J., C.M. Sliepcevich, and J.R. Welker. 1978. Radiation absorption for polymers: the radiant panel and carbon arcs as radiant heat sources. Journal of Fire Flammability 9:353–366.

Hartzell, G.E. 1994. Smoke toxicity and toxic hazards in fires. ASTM Standardization News 22:38–44.

Hasemi, Y. 1986. Thermal modeling of upward wall flame spread. Pp. 87–96 in Fire Safety Science, Proceedings of the First International Symposium, C.E. Grant, and P.J. Pagni, eds. New York: Hemisphere Publishing Corp.

Hasselbrack, S.A. 1995. Flame-retarding wool textile materials and the evaluation of thermally stable polymers for commercial airplanes. Pp. 165–174 in Improved Fire- and Smoke-Resistant Materials for Commercial Aircraft Interiors: A Proceedings. National Materials Advisory Board report NMAB-477-2. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

Hill, R.G. 1993. The future of aircraft cabin fire safety. Pp. 365 in Proceedings of the International Conference for the Promotion of Advanced Fire Resistant Aircraft Materials, R.G. Hill, T. Eklund, and C.P. Sarkos, eds. DOT/FAA/CT-93/3. Atlantic City, N.J.: Federal Aviation Administration Technical Center.

Hottel, H.C. 1959. Review: certain laws governing the diffusive burning of liquids by Blinov and Khudiakov (1957). Fire Research Abstracts and Reviews 1:41.


Jellinek, H.H.G., and K. Takada. 1977. Toxic gas evolution from polymers: evolution of hydrogen cyanide from polyurethanes. Journal of Polymer Science 15:2269–2288.

Jellinek, H.H.G., A. Chaudhuri, and K. Takada. 1978. Inhibition of hydrocyanic acid evolution from polyurethanes during oxidative degradation. Polymer Journal 10:253–268.


Kashiwagi, T. 1974. Radiative ignition model of a solid fuel. Combustion Science and Technology 8:225–236.

Kashiwagi, T. 1981. Radiative ignition mechanism of solid fuel. Fire Safety Journal 3:185–200.

Kashiwagi, T., A. Inaba, and A. Hamins. 1989. Behavior of primary radicals during thermal degradation of poly (methylmethacrylate). Polymer Degradation and Stability 26:161–184.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement