B
Acronyms and Other Initials

ABL

Atmospheric boundary layer

ACE

Aerosol Characterization Experiment

ACE-1

Southern Hemisphere Marine Aerosol Characterization Experiment

ACE-2

North Atlantic Regional Aerosol Characterization Experiment

ACTM

Atmospheric chemical transport model

ADEOS

Advanced Earth Observation Satellite

AGCM

Atmospheric general circulation model

ARM

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (Program)

ASTEX/MAGE

Atlantic Stratocumulus Transition Experiment/Marine Aerosol and Gas Exchange

AVHRR

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer

BASC

Board on Atmospheric Science and Climate of the National Research Council

CCN

Cloud condensation nuclei

CDNC

Cloud drop number concentration

CENR

Committee on Environment and Natural Resources

CFC

Chlorofluorocarbon

CLAES

Cryogenic Limb Array Etalon Spectrometer

CN

Condensation nuclei

COS

Carbonyl sulfide



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OCR for page 159
A Plan for a Research Program on Aerosol Radiative Forcing and Climate Change B Acronyms and Other Initials ABL Atmospheric boundary layer ACE Aerosol Characterization Experiment ACE-1 Southern Hemisphere Marine Aerosol Characterization Experiment ACE-2 North Atlantic Regional Aerosol Characterization Experiment ACTM Atmospheric chemical transport model ADEOS Advanced Earth Observation Satellite AGCM Atmospheric general circulation model ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (Program) ASTEX/MAGE Atlantic Stratocumulus Transition Experiment/Marine Aerosol and Gas Exchange AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer BASC Board on Atmospheric Science and Climate of the National Research Council CCN Cloud condensation nuclei CDNC Cloud drop number concentration CENR Committee on Environment and Natural Resources CFC Chlorofluorocarbon CLAES Cryogenic Limb Array Etalon Spectrometer CN Condensation nuclei COS Carbonyl sulfide

OCR for page 159
A Plan for a Research Program on Aerosol Radiative Forcing and Climate Change DAEDALUS Documenting Aerosol Electromagnetics, Defining Aerosol Lifetimes, and Understanding Sources (Research Stations) DMS Dimethyl sulfide DOD U.S. Department of Defense DOE U.S. Department of Energy DOI U.S. Department of the Interior DTR Diurnal temperature range ENSO El Niño/Southern Oscillation EOS Earth Observing System EOSP Earth Observing Scanning Polarimeter EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ERBE Earth Radiation Budget Experiment FT Free troposphere GAW Global Atmospheric Watch GCM General circulation model GHG Greenhouse gas GOME Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment HALOE Halogen Occultation Experiment HCFC Hydrogenated chlorofluorocarbon ICARUS Interagency Climate-Aerosol Radiative Uncertainties and Sensitivities (Program) IFN Ice-freezing nuclei IGAC International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (Project) IGY International Geophysical Year ILAS Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IR Infrared ISS Integrated sounding systems ITCZ Intertropical convergence zone IWC Ice water content IWP Ice water path LITE Lidar In-Space Technology Experiment MABL Marine atmospheric boundary layer MAC Multiphase Atmospheric Chemistry (Activity) MAGE Marine Aerosol and Gas Exchange (Activity) MBL Marine boundary layer MISR Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer MODIS Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer MSA Methanesulfonic acid NAPAP National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program NARE North Atlantic Regional Experiment NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration

OCR for page 159
A Plan for a Research Program on Aerosol Radiative Forcing and Climate Change NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research NH Northern Hemisphere NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NSF National Science Foundation nss Non-sea salt NSTC National Science and Technology Council ONR Office of Naval Research PBL Planetary boundary layer PEM WEST Pacific Exploratory Mission—West PI Principal investigator PIXE Proton-induced x-ray emission analysis PM-2.5 Particulate matter of diameter less than 2.5 µm PM-10 Particulate matter of diameter less than 10 µm POLDER Polarization and Directionality of the Earth's Reflectances PSC Polar stratospheric cloud RFP Request for Proposals RH Relative humidity SAGE Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment SAM II Stratospheric Aerosol Measurement SCIAMACHY Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Cartography SeaWiFS Sea-Viewing Wide Field of View Sensor (ocean color satellite instrument) SH Southern Hemisphere SPARCLE Spaceborne Aerosols and Cloud Lidar Earthprobe SURE Sulfate Regional Experiment TARFOX Tropospheric Aerosol Radiative Forcing Observation Experiment USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture USGCRP U.S. Global Change Research Program USGCRPO U.S. Global Change Research Program Office VOC Volatile organic compound WMO World Meteorological Organization