in non-land grant schools, 62

of foreign students, 48

problem-solving orientation, 60, 65-67

program design, 59-62

rationale for LGCA system, 46-50

recommendations for, 67-68

student characteristics, 53, 55

student exchanges/transfers, 56

student recruitment, 54

tuition and fees, 48

USDA spending, 50-51

see also teaching

1890 colleges, 1, 15, 30, 32, 47

current status, 80

extension activities, 95

funding, 5, 6, 7, 12, 80, 95

recommendations for, 5, 6, 7, 12, 80-81

research activities, 80

student enrollment, 55-56

1862 colleges, 1, 15

in regionalization of LGCA system, 32

tuition and fees, 48

electronic technology

for education, 34, 35

geographic information systems, 55

Elementary and Secondary Education Reauthorization Act, 15, 56

employment trends, 1, 3, 13, 15

demand for food and agriculture graduates, 51

environmental concerns, 15, 18, 22

academic programs, 62-65

extension activities and, 96-97

as rationale for federal involvement in extension, 90-91

EPSCoR. see Experimental Program for Stimulating Competitive Research

ESCOP. see Experiment Station Committee on Organization and Policy

Experiment Station Committee on Organization and Policy (ESCOP), 27-28

Experimental Program for Stimulating Competitive Research (EPSCoR), 5, 79

extension activities

consumers of, 25

cooperative vs. university extension, 87, 88

current context, 87, 92

federal role, 90-92

future prospects, 93-94

historical development, 93

information management, 91-92

integration with research and teaching activities, 37-41, 42, 89, 91

interpretation of regulations as, 89

LGCA system mission, 14

national interest and, 88-89

non-USDA federal agency interests in, 92

nonfarm/nonrural, 6, 94, 98-101, 102

opportunities for improvement, 87-88

oversight, 10-11

performance evaluation, 43, 91-92

private-public collaboration for, 96

private vs. public roles, 94-95

privatization of, 11

recommendations for, 6-7, 92, 101-104

regional diversity, 103

regional market-based, 34-35

research base, 6, 9, 101

role of, 87, 96-98

rural economic development, 100

extension funding

accountability, 91

allocation, 102-104

for 1890 colleges, 95

extension research focus and, 39

for nonfarm activities, 98

recent trends, 90

recommendations for, 4-7, 8-9, 11, 102-104

return on investment, 89

USDA, 50

F

faculty

appointment trends, 38

demographics, 56-58

incentives for, 58-59

student contacts, 58

farms

current characteristics, 2, 14-15, 18, 23-24, 92

diversity, 28-29

incomes, 23

knowledge sources, 92

niche markets, 24

population trends, 1, 13, 15, 93

rural economic development as extension activity, 100

specialization, 94

technological change, 16-17

see also industrial agriculture

Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering, and Technology, 51

federal government

congressional advisory bodies on food and agriculture, 26-27

in extension system, 90-92, 94-96, 98

in food and agriculture education, 50-51

in food and agriculture research, 72-80

interpretation of regulations as extension activity, 89

justification for involvement of, 43-45

in LGCA system funding, 2, 9-11, 36

in LGCA system management, 1-2, 18-19

non-USDA agencies, 6, 8, 75, 92

oversight activities, 10-11

program evaluation, 42-43

Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act, 19, 73

food safety, 25, 60

food stamp program, 23

foreign students, 48

formula funding

accountability, 75

advantages of, 74-75, 103

allocation system, 33, 73-74

current federal spending, 19, 73

disadvantages of, 75, 103

for extension, 103



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