possible to capitalize on new opportunities in food and agricultural system science, to amplify the quality of research, and to draw on the large pool of scientific resources beyond the experiment station. At the same time, formula funds can continue to be an effective means of research support. In addition to supporting long-term applied research needs of particular crops, livestock, and regions (National Research Council, 1989), formula funds support the unique aspects of land grant research, particularly the linkages to public needs through extension.

Nonetheless, the committee feels, as evidenced by the recommendations in this chapter and in Chapter 2, some important changes should occur in the use and allocation of formula funds. In particular, these funds should be used more creatively and innovatively to enhance the integration of research, extension, and teaching in the spirit of the land grant philosophy and mandate and to promote multidisciplinary approaches that are strongly needed in food and agriculture (Recommendation 4). Additionally, experiment station scientists and extension service specialists who are beneficiaries of formula funding should be encouraged to collaborate with and draw on the scientific resources and knowledge beyond the colleges of agriculture; formulas should be reconfigured to reflect the contemporary spectrum of food and agricultural research and extension issues and beneficiaries (Recommendation 11); and, in the interest of equity and the importance of serving limited-resource producers and consumer groups, states should be required to match federal formula funds to 1890s in the same manner as required for 1862s (Recommendation 12).

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