in laboratory animal medicine. The association's missions are to advise interested parties on all matters pertaining to laboratory animal medicine, to further the education of its members, and to promote ethics and professionalism in the field. The association is committed to the provision of appropriate veterinary care for all animals used in research, teaching, or testing. The association publishes a newsletter, Interface, four times a year.

Canadian Association for Laboratory Animal Science/L'association canadienne pour la technologie des animeaux laboratoire (CALAS/ACTAL), Dr. Donald McKay, Executive Secretary, CW401 Biological Science Building, Bioscience Animal Service, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2E9 (phone: 403-492-5193; fax: 403-492-7257; e-mail: dmckay@gpu.srv.ualberta.ca).

CALAS/ACTAL is composed of a multidisciplinary group of people and institutions concerned with the care and use of laboratory animals in research, teaching, and testing. The aims of the association are to advance the knowledge, skills, and status of those who care for and use laboratory animals; to improve the standards of animal care and research; and to provide a forum for the exchange and dissemination of knowledge regarding animal care and research. CALASI ACTAL maintains a Registry for Laboratory Animal Technicians, publishes a newsletter six times a year, and hosts an annual national convention.

Canadian Council on Animal Care (CCAC), Constitution Square, Tower II, 315-350 Albert, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1R 1B1 (phone: 613-238-4031; fax: 613-238-2837; e-mail: ccac@carleton.ca).

CCAC, founded in 1968 under the aegis of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, became an independently incorporated, autonomous organization in 1982. Through its development of guidelines, assessment visits, and educational/consultation programs, the CCAC is the main advisory and review agency for the use of animals in Canadian science. Compliance with CCAC guidelines, published in two volumes, is a requirement for the receipt of grants or contracts. CCAC is currently funded by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Council of Canada, the Medical Research Council of Canada, and some federal departments.

Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing (CAAT), Johns Hopkins University, 111 Market Place, Suite 840, Baltimore, MD 21202-6709 (phone: 410-223-1693; fax: 410-223-1603; e-mail: caat@jhuhyg.sph.jhu.edu; URL: http://infonet.welchjhu.edu/caat/).

CAAT was founded in 1981 to develop alternatives to the use of whole



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