. "Appendix D: Public Health Service Policy and Government Principles Regarding the Care and Use of Animals." Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 1996.
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Animals that would otherwise suffer severe or chronic pain or distress that cannot be relieved should be painlessly killed at the end of the procedure or, if appropriate, during the procedure.
The living conditions of animals should be appropriate for their species and contribute to their health and comfort. Normally, the housing, feeding, and care of all animals used for biomedical purposes must be directed by a veterinarian or other scientist trained and experienced in the proper care, handling, and use of the species being maintained or studied. In any case, veterinary care shall be provided as indicated.