Page 212

Abbreviations

a

Designating a significance-level probability or confidence coefficient; a measure of the uncertainly of a band measure with VNTRs.

image

 

A measure of the degree of population subdivision; equivalent to FST.

c2

A measure used to assess statistical significance. From the value of c2 and the number of degrees of freedom, the probability of a deviation from the expected value as large as or larger than that observed can be determined.

2p rule

A conservative adjustment for a single VNTR band possibly being from a heterozygote; 2pi replaces pi2.

A

Adenine; also used to designate an arbitrary genetic locus.

ABC

American Board of Criminalistics.

AMP-FLP

Amplified fragment length polymorphism.

ANSI/ASQC

American National Standards Institute/American Society for Quality Control.

ASCLD

American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors.

ASCLD-LAB

American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors, Laboratory Accreditation Board.

C

Cytosine, covariance (also Cov).

CAP

College of American Pathologists.

CODIS

The FBI national DNA identification index.

DISJ

A designation of a VNTR. I designates the chromosome; J is a



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 212
Page 212 Abbreviations a Designating a significance-level probability or confidence coefficient; a measure of the uncertainly of a band measure with VNTRs.   A measure of the degree of population subdivision; equivalent to FST. c2 A measure used to assess statistical significance. From the value of c2 and the number of degrees of freedom, the probability of a deviation from the expected value as large as or larger than that observed can be determined. 2p rule A conservative adjustment for a single VNTR band possibly being from a heterozygote; 2pi replaces pi2. A Adenine; also used to designate an arbitrary genetic locus. ABC American Board of Criminalistics. AMP-FLP Amplified fragment length polymorphism. ANSI/ASQC American National Standards Institute/American Society for Quality Control. ASCLD American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors. ASCLD-LAB American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors, Laboratory Accreditation Board. C Cytosine, covariance (also Cov). CAP College of American Pathologists. CODIS The FBI national DNA identification index. DISJ A designation of a VNTR. I designates the chromosome; J is a

OCR for page 212
Page 213   numerical indentifier. D1S79 is number 79 on chromosome 1. DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid, the genetic material. DQA A gene locus associated with HLA and used in forensic analysis; the gene product is called DQa. FBI The US Federal Bureau of Investigation. FST Wright's measure of population subdivision; same as when mating within subpopulations is random. G Guanine. GYPA Glycophorin A gene locus. HBGG Hemoglobin b gamma globin gene locus. HLA Human leukocyte antigen gene locus. HW Hardy-Weinberg (proportions). K562 A human cell line whose DNA sample is used as a standard. LDLR Low-density lipoprotein receptor gene locus. LE Linkage equilibrium. LR Likelihood ratio. MVR Minisatellite variant repeat. NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology. PCR Polymerase chain reaction. pi A symbol used to designate the frequency of the i-th allele; the subscript may be dropped. PM Polymarker. QA Quality assurance. QC Quality control. RFLP Restriction fragment length polymorphism. s or s Standard deviation. STR Short tandem repeats. T Thymine. TWGDAM Technical Working Group on DNA Analysis and Methods. V Variance (also Var). VNTR Variable number of tandem repeats. (These are RFLPs.)