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OCR for page 212
Page 212 Abbreviations a Designating a significance-level probability or confidence coefficient; a measure of the uncertainly of a band measure with VNTRs. A measure of the degree of population subdivision; equivalent to FST. c2 A measure used to assess statistical significance. From the value of c2 and the number of degrees of freedom, the probability of a deviation from the expected value as large as or larger than that observed can be determined. 2p rule A conservative adjustment for a single VNTR band possibly being from a heterozygote; 2pi replaces pi2. A Adenine; also used to designate an arbitrary genetic locus. ABC American Board of Criminalistics. AMP-FLP Amplified fragment length polymorphism. ANSI/ASQC American National Standards Institute/American Society for Quality Control. ASCLD American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors. ASCLD-LAB American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors, Laboratory Accreditation Board. C Cytosine, covariance (also Cov). CAP College of American Pathologists. CODIS The FBI national DNA identification index. DISJ A designation of a VNTR. I designates the chromosome; J is a
OCR for page 213
Page 213 numerical indentifier. D1S79 is number 79 on chromosome 1. DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid, the genetic material. DQA A gene locus associated with HLA and used in forensic analysis; the gene product is called DQa. FBI The US Federal Bureau of Investigation. FST Wright's measure of population subdivision; same as when mating within subpopulations is random. G Guanine. GYPA Glycophorin A gene locus. HBGG Hemoglobin b gamma globin gene locus. HLA Human leukocyte antigen gene locus. HW Hardy-Weinberg (proportions). K562 A human cell line whose DNA sample is used as a standard. LDLR Low-density lipoprotein receptor gene locus. LE Linkage equilibrium. LR Likelihood ratio. MVR Minisatellite variant repeat. NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology. PCR Polymerase chain reaction. pi A symbol used to designate the frequency of the i-th allele; the subscript may be dropped. PM Polymarker. QA Quality assurance. QC Quality control. RFLP Restriction fragment length polymorphism. s or s Standard deviation. STR Short tandem repeats. T Thymine. TWGDAM Technical Working Group on DNA Analysis and Methods. V Variance (also Var). VNTR Variable number of tandem repeats. (These are RFLPs.)
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