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numerical indentifier. D1S79 is number 79 on chromosome 1.

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid, the genetic material.

DQA

A gene locus associated with HLA and used in forensic analysis; the gene product is called DQa.

FBI

The US Federal Bureau of Investigation.

FST

Wright's measure of population subdivision; same as image when mating within subpopulations is random.

G

Guanine.

GYPA

Glycophorin A gene locus.

HBGG

Hemoglobin b gamma globin gene locus.

HLA

Human leukocyte antigen gene locus.

HW

Hardy-Weinberg (proportions).

K562

A human cell line whose DNA sample is used as a standard.

LDLR

Low-density lipoprotein receptor gene locus.

LE

Linkage equilibrium.

LR

Likelihood ratio.

MVR

Minisatellite variant repeat.

NIST

National Institute of Standards and Technology.

PCR

Polymerase chain reaction.

pi

A symbol used to designate the frequency of the i-th allele; the subscript may be dropped.

PM

Polymarker.

QA

Quality assurance.

QC

Quality control.

RFLP

Restriction fragment length polymorphism.

s or s

Standard deviation.

STR

Short tandem repeats.

T

Thymine.

TWGDAM

Technical Working Group on DNA Analysis and Methods.

V

Variance (also Var).

VNTR

Variable number of tandem repeats. (These are RFLPs.)



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