Atmospheric Modeling Reference List

Adem, J. 1964. On the physical basis for the numerical prediction of monthly and seasonal temperatures in the troposphere-ocean-continent system. Mon. Weather Rev. 92:91-104.

Allen, M.R., and L.A. Smith. 1994. Investigating the origins and significance of low-frequency climate modes of variability. Geophys. Res. Lett. 21:883-886.

Anderson, R.Y. 1992. Possible connection between surface winds, solar activity and the Earth's magnetic field. Nature 358:51-53.

Andrews, D.G., C. Leovy, and J.R. Holton. 1987. Middle Atmosphere Dynamics. Academic Press, Orlando, Florida, 489 pp.

Angell, J.K. 1988. Variations and trends in tropospheric and stratospheric global temperature, 1958-87. J. Climate 1:1296-1313.

Angell, J.K., and J. Korshover. 1978. Estimate of global temperature variations in the 100-30 mb layer between 1958 and 1977. Mon. Weather Rev. 106:1422-1432.

Baldwin, M.P., and T.J. Dunkerton. 1989. Observations and statistical simulations of a proposed solar cycle/QBO/weather relationship. Geophys. Res. Lett. 16:863-866.

Baliunas, S., and R. Jastrow. 1990. Evidence for long-term brightness changes of solar-type stars. Nature 348:520-523.

Barnett, T.P. 1978. Estimating variability of surface temperature in the northern hemisphere. Mon. Weather Rev. 106:1353-1367.

Barnett, T.P. 1986. Detection of changes in the global tropospheric temperature field induced by greenhouse gases. J. Geophys. Res. 91:6659-6667.

Barnett, T. 1991. An attempt to detect the greenhouse-gas signal in a transient GCM simulation. In Greenhouse-Gas-Induced Climatic Change: A Critical Appraisal of Simulations and Observations. M.E. Schlesinger (ed.). Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 559-568.

Barnett, T.P., A.D. Del Genio, and R. Ruedy. 1992. Unforced decadal fluctuations in a coupled model of the atmosphere and ocean mixed layer. J. Geophys. Res. 97:7341-7354.

Barnola, J.M., D. Raynaud, Y.N. Korotkevitch, and C. Lorius. 1987. Vostok ice-core provides 160,000-year record of atmospheric CO2. Nature 329:408-414.

Barnston, A.G., and R.E. Livezey. 1989. A closer look at the effect of the 11-year solar cycle and the quasi-biennial oscillation in the Northern Hemisphere 700 mb height and extra tropical North American surface temperature. J. Climate 2:1295-1313.

Battisti, D.S. 1995. Decade-to-century time-scale variability in the coupled atmosphere-ocean system: Modeling issues. In Natural Climate Variability on Decade-to-Century Time Scales. D.G. Martinson, K. Bryan, M. Ghil, M.M. Hall, T.R. Karl, E.S. Sarachik, S. Sorooshian, and L.D. Talley (eds.). National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.

Beer, J., U. Siegenthaler, G. Bonani, R.C. Finkel, H. Oeschger, M. Suter, and W. Wolfli. 1988. Information on past solar activity and geomagnetism from "Be in the Camp Century ice core". Nature 332:675-679.

Bell, T.L. 1982. Optimal weighting of data to detect climatic change: Application to the carbon dioxide problem. J. Geophys. Res. 87:11161-11170.

Bell, T.L. 1986. Theory of optimal weighting of data to detect climatic change. J. Atmos. Sci. 43:1694-1710.

Bjerknes, J. 1959. The recent warming of the North Atlantic. In Atmosphere and Sea in Motion, the Rossby Memorial Volume. B. Bolin (ed.). Rockefeller Inst. Press in association with Oxford Press, New York, pp. 65-73.

Blanford, H.F. 1891. The paradox of the sun-spot cycle in meteorology. Nature 43:583-587.

Bloomfield, P., and D. Nychka. 1992. Climate spectra and detecting climatic change. Climatic Change 22:275-288.

Bradley, R.S. 1988. The explosive volcanic eruption signal in northern hemisphere continental temperature records. Climatic Change 12:221-243.

Bradley, R.S. 1990. Pre-instrumental climate: How has climate varied during the past 500 years? In Greenhouse Gas-Induced Climatic Change: A Critical Appraisal of Simulations and Observations. M. Schlesinger (ed.). Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 391-412.

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