Proxy Indicators of Climate Reference List

Aagaard, K., J.H. Swift, and E.C. Carmack. 1985. Thermohaline circulation in the Arctic Mediterranean seas. J. Geophys. Res. 90(C3):4833-4846.

Aebischer, N.J., J.C. Coulson, and J.M. Colebrook. 1990. Parallel long-term trends across four marine trophic levels and weather. Nature 347:753-755.

Aharon, P. 1985. Carbon isotope record of late Quaternary coral reefs: Possible index of sea surface paleoproductivity. In The Carbon Cycle and Atmospheric CO2: Natural Variations Archean to Present. E.T. Sundquist and W.S. Broecker (eds.). Geophysical Monograph 32, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., pp. 343-355.

Allan, R.J., N. Nicholls, P.D. Jones, and I.J. Butterworth. 1991. A further extension of the Tahiti-Darwin SOI, early ENSO events and Darwin pressure. J. Climate 4:743-749.

Allen, W.E. 1941. Twenty years' statistical studies of marine plankton dinoflagellates off southern California. Amer. Mid. Nat. 26:603-635.

Alley, R.B., P.M. Grootes, D. Meese, A.J. Gow, K. Taylor, and K.M. Cuffey. 1991. Climate at the Greenland Summit: Little Ice Age to modern. EOS 72:66.

Alley, R.B., D.A. Meese, C.A. Shuman, A.J. Gow, K.C. Taylor, P.M. Grootes, J.W.C. White, M. Ram, E.D. Waddington, P.A. Mayewski, and G.A. Zielinski. 1993. Abrupt increase in Greenland snow accumulation at the end of the Younger Dryas event. Nature 362:527-529.

Ammann, B., and A.F. Lotter. 1989. Late glacial radiocarbon- and palynostratigraphy on the Swiss Plateau. Boreas 18:109-126.

Atkinson, T.C., K.R. Briffa, and G.R. Coope. 1987. Seasonal temperatures in Britain during the past 22,000 years, reconstructed using beetle remains. Nature 325:587-592.


Bacon, S., and D.J.T. Carter. 1991. Wave climate changes in the North Atlantic and North Sea. Int. J. Climatol. 11:545-558.

Bacon, S., and D.J.T. Carter. 1993. A connection between mean wave height and atmospheric pressure gradient in the North Atlantic. Int. J. Climatol. 13:423-436.

Bainbridge, A. (ed.). 1981. GEOSECS Atlantic Expedition Hydrographic Data. Vol. 1. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

Balling, R.C., Jr. 1992. The Heated Debate: Greenhouse Predictions versus Climate Reality. Pacific Research Institute for Public Policy, San Francisco.

Bard, E., M. Arnold, P. Maurice, J. Duprat, J. Moyes, and J.-C. Duplessy. 1987. Retreat velocity of the North Atlantic polar front during the last deglaciation determined by 14C accelerator mass spectrometry. Nature 328:791-794.

Bard, E., B. Hamelin, R.G. Fairbanks, and A. Zindler. 1990. Calibration of the 14-C time-scale over the past 30,000 years using mass spectrometric U-Th ages from Barbados corals. Nature 345:405-410.

Barnes, D.J., and J.M. Lough. 1989. The nature of skeletal density banding in scleractinian corals: Fine banding and seasonal patterns. J. Exp. Mar. Bio. 126:119-134.

Barnett, T.P. 1991. The interaction of multiple time scales in the tropical climate system. J. Climate 4:269-285.

Barnett, T.P., and M.E. Schlesinger. 1987. Detecting changes in global climate induced by greenhouse gases. J. Geophys. Res. 92:14772-14780.

Barnola, J.M., D. Raynaud, Y.S. Korotkevich, and C. Lorius. 1987. Vostok ice core provides 160,000-year record of atmospheric CO2. Nature 329:408-414.

Barnola, J.M., P. Pimienta, D. Raynaud, and Y.S. Korotkevich. 1991. CO2-climate relationship as deduced from the Vostok ice core: A re-examination based on new measurements and on a re-evaluation of the air dating. Tellus 43B:83-90.

Barry, R.G. 1978. Climate fluctuations during the periods of historical and instrumental record. In Climatic Change and Variability: A Southern Hemisphere Perspective. A.B. Pittock, L.A. Frakes,



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