Secular Variability of the ENSO Cycle
Eugene M. Rasmusson, Xueliang Wang, and Chester F. Ropelewski

 

458

   

Commentary
by Yochanan Kushnir

 

470

   

Discussion

 

470

   

Decadal Climate Variations in the Pacific
Kevin E. Trenberth and James W. Hurrell

 

472

   

Commentary
by Yochanan Kushnir

 

481

   

Discussion

 

482

   

Coupled Systems Reference List

 

483

Chapter 5.
Proxy Indicators of Climate

 

489

 

 

An Essay
by Soroosh Sorooshian and Douglas G. Martinson

 

490

   

Monitoring the Tropical Ocean and Atmosphere Using Chemical Records from Long-Lived Corals
Julia E. Cole, Richard G. Fairbanks, and Glen T. Shen

 

495

   

Commentary
by Clara Deser

 

504

   

Discussion

 

505

   

Natural Variability of Tropical Climates on 10- to 100-Year Time Scales: Limnological and Paleolimnological Evidence
F. Alayne Street-Perrott

 

506

   

Decade-to-Century-Scale Variability of Regional and Hemispheric-Scale Temperatures
Philip D. Jones and Keith R. Briffa

 

512

   

Commentary
by Thomas R. Karl

 

520

   

Discussion

 

521

   

Interdecadal Temperature Oscillations in the Southern Hemisphere: Evidence from Tasmanian Tree Rings Since 300 B.C.
Edward R. Cook, Brendan M. Buckley, and Rosanne D. D'Arrigo

 

523

   

Commentary
by William E. Reifsnyder

 

531

   

Discussion

 

532

   

Variability of Atlantic Circulation on Sub-Millennial Time Scales
Scott J. Lehman

 

533

   

Commentary
by Julia E. Cole

 

542

   

Discussion

 

542

   

Ice Cores as Archives of Decade-to-Century-Scale Climate Variability
Pieter M. Grootes

 

544

   

Discussion

 

554

   

Temporal Change in Marine Ecosystems
John A. McGowan

 

555

   

Commentary
by Robert R. Dickson

 

568

   

Discussion

 

571



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