der contract DE-AC05-96OR22464. The Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant is managed for the U.S. Department of Energy by Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Inc., under contract DE-AC05-84OR21400.

References

American Society for Testing and Materials. 1991. Standard Guide for Conducting Sediment Toxicity Tests with Freshwater Invertebrates. Philadelphia, Pa.: American Society for Testing and Materials.


Boston, H. L., W. R. Hill, and A. J. Stewart. 1993. Toxicity monitoring. Pp. 37-108 in Second Report on the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant Biological Monitoring and Abatement Program for East Fork Poplar Creek, R. L. Hinzman, ed. Y/TS-888. Oak Ridge, Tenn.: Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Boston, H. L., W. R. Hill, L. A. Kszos, C. M. Pettway, and A. J. Stewart. 1994. Toxicity monitoring. Pp. 27-63 in Fourth Report on the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Biological Monitoring and Abatement Program for White Oak Creek and the Clinch River, J. M. Loar, ed. ORNL/TM11544. Oak Ridge, Tenn.: Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory.


Cairns, J., Jr., and E. P. Smith. 1994. The statistical validity of biomonitoring data. Pp 49-68 in Biological Monitoring of Aquatic Systems, S. L. Loeb and A. Spacie, eds. Boca Raton, Fla.: Lewis Publishers.

Callahan, C. A., C. A. Menzie, D. E. Burmaster, D. C. Wilborn, and T. Ernst. 1991. On-site methods for assessing chemical impact on the soil environment using earthworms: A case study at the Baird & McGuire Superfund Site, Holbrook, Massachusetts. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 10:817-826.


Graney, R. L., D. H. Kennedy, and J. H. Rodgers, eds. 1994. Aquatic Mesocosm Studies in Ecological Risk Assessment. Boca Raton, Fla.: Lewis Publishers.

Gunderson, C. A., J. M. Kostuk, M. H. Gibbs, G. E. Napolitano, L. F. Wicker, J. E. Richmond, and A. J. Stewart. 1997. Multispecies toxicity assessment of compost produced in bioremediation of an explosives-contaminated sediment. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 16(12):2529-2537.


Hart, D. D. 1994. Building a stronger partnership between ecological research and biological monitoring. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 13:110-116.


Kooijman, S. A. L. 1996. An alternative for NOEC exists, but the standard model has to be abandoned first. Oikos 75:310-316.

Kszos, L. A., and A. J. Stewart. 1992. Artifacts in ambient toxicity testing. Paper AC92-020-005 in Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation, 65th Annual Conference and Exposition, New Orleans, La., September 20-24.

Kszos, L. A., A. J. Stewart, and P. A. Taylor. 1992. An evaluation of nickel toxicity to Ceriodaphnia dubia and Daphnia magna in a contaminated stream and in laboratory tests. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 11:1001-1012.

Kszos, L. A., A. J. Stewart, and J. R. Sumner. 1997. Evidence that variability in ambient fathead minnow short-term chronic tests is due to pathogenic infection. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 16:351-356.


Menzie, C. A., D. E. Burmaster, J. S. Freshman, and C. A. Callahan. 1992. Assessment of methods for estimating ecological risk in the terrestrial component: A case study at the Baird & McGuire Superfund Site in Holbrook, Massachusetts. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 11:245-260.

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