Computer applications, 3

agricultural sustainability, 79-80, 81-83

national environmental metrics, 169-170

rivers, 220-221, 241, 247

Tennessee Valley Authority, 273

3M waste ratio, 68

Concordance ranks, 208-209

Consumer behavior, life-cycle analysis, 28, 29, 39-40, 44

Consumption metrics, 8

agricultural products, 98, 102

energy-based life-cycle analyses, 5, 15-28

forest products, 110, 111, 112

global measures, 9

linear valuation, 35-36, 37, 40

materials balances and aggregate waste generation, with breakdowns by sector, 96-156 (passim)

national metrics for industrial ecology, 157-171 (passim)

Contingency-table analysis methods, 206-207, 208, 209

Cost and cost-benefit factors, 3, 67

bioassays, 199, 201, 217

just-in-time inventory practices, 49, 50

life-cycle analyses, 16-28, 36, 37-39, 49, 50-51, 52

managerial decision support, 5-6, 177-187 (passim)

recycling and reuse of materials, 21-25, 66-67

see also Accounting methods

Cropping Practices Survey, 80

D

Data sources, see Computer applications;

Information sources

Decision analysis and support, 30, 31-35

managerial decision support, 5-6, 177-187

measurement error, 96, 136, 180-182, 183

multiple-objective decision making, 32

value functions, 32-33, 35-40, 46

see also Computer applications;

Information sources;

Life-cycle assessment

Department of Agriculture, 80-81, 102, 104, 107

Department of Energy, 199, 203-204

Department of the Interior, see Bureau of Mines

Design-for-environment approaches, 43-62

defined, 43

Developing countries, 71-72, 73-76

Diseases and disorders

accounting methods, 66, 84

life-cycle analysis, 36, 38

Distribution of goods, see Transportation/ distribution issues

Dose-response relation, 203

E

Eastman Chemical Company, 4, 218-226

Economic factors

decision support, managers, 177-187 (passim)

developing countries, 71-72, 73-76

life-cycle analysis, 29-30, 36-40, 42-43, 52

national materials use and waste production, 8

natural resource accounting, 7-8, 70-83

sustainable development, 70-88

see also Accounting methods;

Consumption metrics;

Cost and cost-benefit factors;

Employment issues;

Funding

Economic Research Service, 80, 81

Ecosystem monitoring, general, 2-4, 10-12, 47, 56, 57-58, 59, 60

biological integrity, 9, 11, 89, 92, 231-256

metrics, examples, 9-11

TVA, Vital Signs, 260-263

see also Bioassays;

Biodiversity;

Habitat;

Physical and chemical metrics

Effluent bioassays, 3, 4, 7, 10, 199-201

chemical indicators, 191, 192, 194, 195, 196

fish, 193, 194

Electric power

accounting methods, 8, 84-86, 119

life-cycle analyses, 19-20, 26, 50-51

net energy expenditure, 19-20, 26

Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act, 6

Emission control technologies, 42, 49-50, 56, 57, 146

Employment issues, 71, 72, 73

motivation, 47, 50, 51, 56, 60, 67-68, 69, 178, 179-180, 183

Energy requirements, 162, 164

air pollution, 118, 119, 120, 122, 123, 124, 150

life-cycle analyses, 5, 15-28, 50-51, 54, 56, 58, 59, 60

technology comparisons, 5, 15-28



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement