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research interests include long-term care and medical malpractice. Dr. Sloan also has a long-standing interest in the costs and financing of medical education. He has served on several national advisory groups, is a member of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) and until recently was a member of the IOM's Council.
DYANNE D. AFFONSO, Ph.D., is dean and professor at the Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, Emory University, and associate professor in the Women's and Children's Division of the School of Public Health. Previously, she was a faculty member at the School of Nursing of the University of California at San Francisco and the College of Nursing, University of Arizona. Beginning in the late 1970s, Dr. Affonso conducted research exploring women's experiences with cesarean childbirth. Her publications of these important findings resulted in national recognition of her contribution to perinatal health care, including her appointment as the first nurse to serve on the Advisory Council of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH). In this capacity, she was an active participant in the 1980 Consensus Conference on Vaginal Birth After Cesarean, which led to a major change in obstetrical philosophy and practice regarding methods of childbirth. She continues to be a productive leader in a variety of maternal–child health topics, and plays an active role in recruitment and mentoring of minority women in biomedical careers. In addition to her work on the NICHD Advisory Council, Dr. Affonso was a member of the Task Force on Recruitment, Retention, Re-entry, and Advancement of Women in Biomedical Careers for the Office of Research on Women's Health; and the Panel on Women's Health of the American Academy of Nursing. She cochaired the Priority Expert Panel on Prevention and Care of Low BirthWeight Infants for the National Center for Nursing Research, NIH, and participated in a workshop on mental disorders in pregnancy and postpartum for the National Institute of Mental Health. She is the first non-Nordic citizen to be appointed to the Scientific Council of Sweden's Nordic School of Public Health and has been elected to the Institute of Medicine and the American Academy of Nursing. Her other honors include March of Dimes National Nurse of the Year and American Nurses Association Maternal–Child Nurse of the Year. She is a member of the International Council of Psychology, the Society of Behavioral Medicine, and the Nursing Association of the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Dr. Affonso is a frequent invited speaker at international, national, and regional conferences. She has served as a reviewer for leading journals on women's health issues and is the author of numerous publications, including Childbearing: A Nursing Perspective, which won an American Journal of Nursing Book of the Year Award. Recent publications focus on health issues for women from ethnically diverse and rural backgrounds, with an emphasis on Asian Pacific Islanders.