Rodgers, C. 1994. Nonphysician Providers and Limited License Practitioners: Scope of Practice Issues. Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons 79(2):12–17.

Rodwin, M.A.1993. Medicine, Money, and Morals: Physicians' Conflicts of Interest. New York: Oxford University Press.

Roe, B.1981. Sounding Board. The UCR Boondoggle: A Death Knell for Private Practice? The New England Journal of Medicine 305(1):41–45.

Ross, F.M., Bower, P.J., and Sibbald, B.S. 1994. Practice Nurses: Characteristics, Workload and Training Needs. British Journal of General Practice 44(378):15–18.

Safran, D.G., Tarlov, A.R., and Rogers, W.H. 1994. Primary Care Performance in Fee-for-Service and Prepaid Health Care Systems: Results from the Medical Outcomes Study. Journal of the American Medical Association 271(20):1579–1586.

Safriet, B. 1992. Health Care Dollars and Regulatory Sense: The Role of Advanced Practice Nursing. The Yale Journal of Regulation 9(2):149–220.

Safriet, B. 1994. Impediments to Progress in Health Care Workforce Policy: License and Practice Laws. Inquiry 31(3):310–317.

Salkever, D.S., Skinner, E., Steinwachs, D.M., and Katz, H. 1982. Episode-Based Efficiency Comparisons for Physicians and Nurse Practitioners. Medical Care 20(2):143–153.

Scheffler, R.M.1979. The Productivity of New Health Practitioners: Physician Assistants and MEDEX. Research in Health Economics 1:37–56.

Scheffler, R.M. 1995. Report on Selected Nonphysician Practitioners in Primary Care: Physician Assistants, Nurse Practitioners, and Certified Nurse Midwives. Unpublished background paper prepared for the Institute of Medicine.

Scheffler, R.M., Weisfeld, N., Ruby, G., and Estes, E.H. 1978. A Manpower Policy for Primary Health Care. The New England Journal of Medicine 298(19):1058–1062.

Scherer, J.L. 1994. Union Uprising: California Nurses React Aggressively to Work Redesign. Hospital and Health Service Networks 68(24):36–37.

Schneider, D.P., and Foley, W.J. 1977. A Systems Analysis of the Impact of Physician Extenders on Medical Cost and Manpower Requirements Medical Care 15(4):277–297.

Schneller, E.S., and Ott, J.B. 1996. Contemporary Views of Change in the Health Professions. Hospital and Health Services Administration . In press.

Schroeder, S.A. 1994a. The Latest Forecast. Managed Care Collides with Physician Supply. Journal of the American Medical Association 272(3):239–240.

Schroeder, S.A. 1994b. Managing the U.S. Health Care Workforce: Creating Policy Amidst Uncertainty. Inquiry 28:266–275.

Schwartz, W.B., Sloan, F.A., and Mendelson, D.N. 1988. Why There Will Be Little or No Physician Surplus Between Now and the Year 2000. The New England Journal of Medicine 318(14):892–897.

Schwartz, W.B., and Mendelson, D.N. 1990. No Evidence of an Emerging Physician Surplus: An Analysis of Change in Physicians' Work Load and Income. Journal of the American Medical Association 263(4):557–560.

Sekscenski, E., Sansom, S., Bazell, C., Salmon, M., and Mullan, F. 1994. State Practice Environments and the Supply of Physician Assistants, Nurse Practitioners, and Certified Nurse-Midwives. The New England Journal of Medicine 331(19):1266–1271.

Shortell, S.M., Gillies, R.R., and Anderson, D.A. 1994. New World of Managed Care: Creating Organized Delivery Systems. Health Affairs 13(5):46–64.

Shortell, S.M., and Hull, K.E. 1996. The New Organization of the Health Care Delivery System: In Strategic Choices for a Changing Health Care System. S.H. ALtman and U.E. Reinhardt, eds. Chicago: Health Administration Press.

Spisso, J., O'Callaghan, C., McKennan, M., and Holcroft, J.W. 1990. Improved Quality of Care and Reduction of Housestaff Workload Using Trauma Nurse Practitioners. Journal of Trauma 30(6):660–665.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement