B
Abbreviations and Acronyms

ASSOCIATIONS AND SOCIETIES


ACR

American College of Radiology


BEAR

Committee on Biologic Effects of Atomic Radiation (NAS/NRC)

BEIR

Committee on the Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation (NAS/NRC)


CRCPD

Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors


IOM

Institute of Medicine


JCAHO

Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations


NAS/NRC

National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council

NCRP

National Council on Radiation Protection


USP

United States Pharmacopoeia

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS AND AGENCIES


ACMUI

Advisory Committee on the Medical Uses of Isotopes

AEC

Atomic Energy Commission

AEOD

Office for Analysis and Evaluation of Operational Data (NRC)


BMD

Bureau of Medical Devices

BRH

Bureau of Radiological Health


CDRH

Center for Devices and Radiological Health

CFR

Code of Federal Regulations

CIRRPC

Committee on Interagency Radiation Research and Policy Coordination


DHHS

Department of Health, Education and Welfare (now DHHS)



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OCR for page 189
Radiation in Medicine: A Need for Regulatory Reform B Abbreviations and Acronyms ASSOCIATIONS AND SOCIETIES ACR American College of Radiology BEAR Committee on Biologic Effects of Atomic Radiation (NAS/NRC) BEIR Committee on the Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation (NAS/NRC) CRCPD Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors IOM Institute of Medicine JCAHO Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations NAS/NRC National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council NCRP National Council on Radiation Protection USP United States Pharmacopoeia FEDERAL GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS AND AGENCIES ACMUI Advisory Committee on the Medical Uses of Isotopes AEC Atomic Energy Commission AEOD Office for Analysis and Evaluation of Operational Data (NRC) BMD Bureau of Medical Devices BRH Bureau of Radiological Health CDRH Center for Devices and Radiological Health CFR Code of Federal Regulations CIRRPC Committee on Interagency Radiation Research and Policy Coordination DHHS Department of Health, Education and Welfare (now DHHS)

OCR for page 189
Radiation in Medicine: A Need for Regulatory Reform DHHS Department of Health and Human Services DOD Department of Defense DOE Department of Energy DOT Department of Transportation EPA Environmental Protection Agency ERDA Energy Research and Development Agency FDA Food and Drug Administration FR Federal Register FRC Federal Radiation Council GAO General Accounting Office HCFA Health Care Financing Administration JCAE Joint Committee on Atomic Energy NRC Nuclear Regulatory Commission OMB Office of Management and Budget OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration PHS Public Health Service RPC Radiation Policy Council VA Department of Veterans Affairs INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS ICRP International Commission on Radiological Protection ICRU International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements UNSCEAR United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation LEGISLATION AND EXECUTIVE ORDERS AEA Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as Amended ERA Energy Reorganization Act of 1974 MQSA Mammography Quality Standards Act of 1992 RCHS Radiation Control for Health Safety Act of 1968 SMDA Safe Medical Device Act of 1991 MISCELLANEOUS ADE Adverse drug event ALAP As low as practicable ALARA As low as reasonably achievable ALI Annual limit on intake BRC Below regulatory concern CABG Coronary artery bypass graft CT Computed tomography

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Radiation in Medicine: A Need for Regulatory Reform DIS Decay in storage DREF Dose rate effectiveness factor EDE Effective dose equivalent ESK Entrance skin air kerma FTE Full-time equivalent FY Fiscal year GI Gastrointestinal HDR High dose rate IORT Intraoperative radiation therapy LDR Low dose rate MPD Maximum permissible dose MRI Magnetic resonance imaging NARM Naturally occurring and accelerator-produced radioactive material PET Positron emission tomography POCS Patterns of care study QA Quality assurance QM Quality management RPG Radiation protection guide RSO Radiation safety officer SPECT Single photon emission computed tomography SRS Stereotactic radiosurgery SSRCR Suggested State Regulations for the Control of Radiation UGI Upper gastrointestinal