American National Standards Institute, 73

American Radium Society, 249

American Roentgen Ray Society, 34, 249, 267, 270, 272, 273, 274-275, 276, 278, 279, 280

American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology, 34, 268, 275, 278

American Society of Radiologic Technologists, 268, 272-273, 275, 276, 278, 279, 280

Americium-241, 100-101

Anesthesia, 123, 124

Angiography, 45-46, 192

Angioplasty, 45 n.3

Appropriateness of care, 125-127

Association of Health Services Research, 34

Association of University Radiologists, 34

Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, 1, 8, 23-24, 28, 80, 85, 251 -252, 256

Atomic Energy Commission, 6, 27 n.6, 28, 61, 81, 82, 90, 251, 252, 256, 286

B

Biologics Act of 1902, 79, 86

Blood transfusions, 123-124

Boron neutron capture therapy, 6 n.4, 41, 80 n.1, 108

Brachytherapy

applications, 40, 64, 65

defined, 193

dose rates, 71, 72

misadministration, 24-25, 26, 83

overview, 70-72

patient outcomes, 68

radionuclides used in, 71-72

regulation and control, 7, 72-73, 84, 89

risks, 273

types of procedures, 72

utilization, 119

Breast cancer, 44, 63, 64, 69, 72

Bureau of Medical Devices, 254

Bureau of the Budget, 253

Byproduct material.

See also Radionuclides

defined, 23-24 n.3, 193

medical applications, 40, 27 n.7

C

Cancer.

See also Breast cancer;

Prostate cancer;

Radiation oncology

cases, by site, 66

defined, 193

radiogenic, 69, 112-113, 134, 136, 287-288

Carter, President, 253

Cesium-137, 71

Chemotherapy, 124, 193

Cholecystogram, 45

Code of Federal Regulations, Title 10

Part 20, 9, 16, 61-62, 100, 161, 174, 202-211, 274

Part 30, 101

Part 35, 6, 9, 15-16, 17, 61-62, 70, 80, 81, 83, 105, 108, 144, 14 , 174-175, 176, 177, 212-243;

see also Quality Management (QM) Rule

Part 50, 286

Parts 170 and 171, 94

recommended revisions, 15-16, 18, 176-177

Code of Federal Regulations, Title 21

Part 900, 51-52

Part 1020, 52

Committee on Interagency Radiation Research and Policy Coordination , 253, 271

Committee on the Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation, 286, 287 -288

Committee on the Pathological Effects of Atomic Radiation, 285

Computed tomography, 40, 43-44, 45, 47, 48, 57, 90, 193



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement