TABLE 2.1 Radiation in Medicine

 

 

Applications

 

Radiation Source

Origin

Diagnostic

Therapeutic

Ioninzing Radiationa

Radioactive Materials

Reactor-generated byproduct material

Nuclear reactors

Nuclear medicine (radiopharmaceuticalsb)

Nuclear medicine (radiopharmaceuticalsb) Teletherapy (Sealed sources) Brachytherapy (sealed sources)

Radium

Naturally occurring

 

Brachytherapy

Accelerator-generated radionuclides

Particle accelerators (linear accelerators, cyclotrons)

Nuclear medicine (radiopharmaceuticals)

Nuclear medicine (radiopharmaceuticals); Brachytherapy (sealed sources)

Machine-Produced Radiationc

X-radiation

X-ray machines

Radiography

Fluoroscopy

Computed tomography Dental x-rays

External beam x-ray therapy



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