Trussell J. Contraceptive efficacy of barrier contraceptives. IN Barrier Contraceptives: Current Status and Future Prospects. CK Mauck, M Cordero, HL Gabelnick, et al., eds. New York: Wiley-Liss. 1994.
Tsai C-C, KE Follis, A Sabo et al. Prevention of SIV infection in macaques by (R)-9-(2 phosphonylmethoxypropyl) adenine. Science 270:1197-1199, 1995.
Tung KSK, EH Goldberg, E Goldberg. Immunobiological consequence of immunization of female mice with homologous spermatozoa: Induction of infertility. Journal of Reproductive Immunology 1:145-158, 1979.
Voeller B, DJ Anderson. Heterosexual transmission of HIV. Journal of the American Medical Association 31:27-31, 1992a.
Voeller B, DJ Anderson. pH and related factors in the urogenital tract and rectum that affect HIV- I transmission. Mariposa Occasional Paper No. 16, Topanga, CA, 1992b.
Wachsmann D, JP Klein, M Scholler, et al. Local and systemic immune response to orally administered liposome-associated soluble S. mutans cell wall antigens . Immunology 54:189-193, 1983.
Walter BA, GA Digenis et al. High-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) analysis of oligomeric components of the spermicide nonoxynol-9. Pharmacology Research 8:409-411, 1991a.
Walter BA, AA Hawi et al. Solubilization and in vitro spermicidal assessment of nonoxynol-9 and selected fraction using rabbit spermatozoa. Pharmacology Research 8:403-408, 1991b.
Wang YE, A-F Holstein. Intraepithelial lymphocytes in the human epididymis. Cell and Tissue Research 233:517- 521, 1983.
Wasserheit JN. Epidemiological synergy: Interrelationships between human immunodeficiency virus infection and other sexually transmitted diseases. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 19:61-77, 1992.
Wiley JA, SJ Herschkorn, N Padian. Heterogeneity in the probability of HIV transmission per sexual contact: The case of male-to-female transmission in penile-vaginal intercourse. Statistics in Medicine 8:93-102, 1988.
Wira CR, CP Sandoe. Effect of uterine immunization and estradiol on specific IgA and IgG antibodies in uterine, vaginal and salivary secretions. Immunology 68:24-36, 1989.
Wira CR, DA Sullivan. Estradiol and progesterone regulation of IgA, IgG and secretory component in cervicovaginal secretions of the rat. Biology of Reproduction 32:90-95, 1985.
Wolff H, DJ Anderson. Immunologic characterization and quantization of leukocyte subpopulations in human semen. Fertility and Sterility 49:497-504, 1988a.
Wolff H, DJ Anderson. Male genital tract inflammation associated with increased numbers of potential human immunodeficiency virus host cells in semen. Andrologia 20:404-410, 1988b.
Yang SL, GFB Schumacher. Immune response after vaginal application of antigens in the rhesus monkey. Fertility and Sterility 32:588-598, 1979.
Zaneveld LJD. Vaginal contraception since 1984: Chemical agents and barrier devices. IN Contraceptive Research and Development, 1984 to 1994: The Road from Mexico City to Cairo and Beyond. PFA Van Look, G Pérez-Palacios, eds. Delhi: Oxford University Press. 1994a.
Zaneveld LJD. Vaginal contraceptive efficacy: Animal models. IN Barrier Contraceptives: Current Status and Future Prospects. CK Mauck, M Cordero, HL Gabelnick, et al., eds. New York: Wiley-Liss. 1994b.
Zaneveld LJD, AK Bhattacharyya, DS Kim, et al. Primate model for the evaluation of vaginal contraceptives. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 129:368-372, 1977.
Zaneveld LJD, RT Robertson, WL Williams. Synthetic enzyme inhibitors as antifertility agents. Federation of European Biochemical Societies Letters 11:345-347, 1970.
Zheng H-Y, TM Alcorn, MS Cohen. Effects of H202-producing lactobacilli on Neisseria gonorrhoeae growth and catalase activity. Journal of Infectious Diseases 170:1209-1215, 1994.