successful in providing highly skilled African researchers with support and the possibility of remaining in their country of origin.

Recommendation 7-1. The number of African scientists well trained to conduct research on HIV and AIDS must be increased.

Research capacity in sub-Saharan Africa cannot be improved without an increase in the number of well-trained local researchers. Four possible ways to introduce and keep more researchers in the field are to (1) integrate more graduate students and young professionals into all new AIDS-related research initiatives; (2) establish small grants programs to fund the projects of young researchers; (3) adjust pay scales to attract and retain talented professionals; and (4) provide other incentives for researchers to remain in their home institutions, including small-scale research grants, fewer teaching or administrative responsibilities, and more opportunities for international travel. Providing technical assistance to local researchers is an important priority. Local researchers could benefit from workshops that would help them design research projects, prepare research proposals, identify potential sources of funding, write reports describing interim results, and prepare final manuscripts for submission to peer-reviewed journals.

Recommendation 7-2. Each national AIDS control program should establish a local AIDS-information center that would develop and maintain a database of all AIDS-related research conducted in the country.

These centers should be linked via available technology, such as the Internet. They should also have AIDS databases on CD-ROM (CD-ROM-equipped computers are available in most national AIDS control program offices.) In addition, national and regional conferences should be held to provide forums at which researchers can discuss their research plans and present their results to a larger group of local researchers than those that attend international conferences.

Recommendation 7-3. There is an urgent need for sub-Saharan African countries to establish and periodically update research priorities at the regional and national levels, providing a basis for discussions with donors on AIDS-related research.

It is important to reduce the proportion of donor-driven research taking place in the region.

Recommendation 7-4. International organizations and donors should utilize existing local resources to the fullest extent possible.

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