Recommendation 5-9. Behavioral research is needed to develop effective pregnancy-related HIV counseling programs.

Given the rapid spread of HIV among women in sub-Saharan Africa, perinatal transmission continues to have a major impact on infant and child morbidity and mortality among populations with a high HIV seroprevalence. Studies using modified treatment regimens with Zidovudine (AZT), hyperimmune gamma globulin, vitamin A, vaginal washes, and other means of intervention should be undertaken to determine their overall effectiveness and cost-effectiveness in decreasing HIV perinatal transmission.

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