TABLE 6A-4 Operation of Social and Economic Programs by Nongovernmental Organization Goals

 

Type of Program

Goal of NGO

Mitigation

Other

Total

Prevention

99

(58%)

72

(42%)

171

(100%)

Other

57

(50%)

57

(50%)

114

(100%)

Total

156

(55%)

129

(45%)

285

(100%)

government resources come next, with an estimated increase of 225 percent, while reliance on membership dues is apparently associated with a net decrease in total expenditures of 81 percent. A possible interpretation of this last finding is that members are quite parsimonious with organization resources when those resources come from their own pockets, but less so when the resources are raised outside.

The 75 individual NGOs in the sample operate a total of 288 separate programs or program components. Using the organization's description of the activities associated with each program, it is possible to score each component with a zero or a 1 on mitigation, depending on whether it includes any social or economic support activities. Such programs can provide substantial assistance to AIDS-affected households, regardless of whether the program was originally intended to address the impact of AIDS.

Table 6A-4 shows the percentage of programs capable of helping households and other social units cope with the impact of AIDS by type of NGO. Of the 171 programs operated by AIDS-related NGOs, 58 percent have a social or economic objective and thus can help individuals, households, or other social units cope with the impact. However, the proportion of the 114 components operated by other NGOs that includes social or economic activities is 50 percent, almost as large. The lesson here is that governments should not look only to AIDS-related NGOs as potential operators of mitigation programs. In fact, if the greater experience and resources of the non-AIDS NGOs in this sample can be generalized to other settings, a mitigation program may have more chance of success if it is implemented by a non-AIDS NGO.



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