References

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

Ainsworth, M., and A. M. Over 1994a The economic impact of AIDS on Africa. Pp. 559-588 in M. Essex, S. Mboup, P.J. Kanki, and M.R. Kalengayi, eds., AIDS in Africa. New York: Raven Press.

1994b AIDS and African development. World Bank Research Observer 9(2):203-240.


Barnett, T., and P. Blaikie 1992 AIDS in Africa: Its Present and Future Impact. London, UK: Belhaven Press.


Caldwell, J.C. 1995 Understanding the AIDS epidemic and reacting sensibly to it. Social Science and Medicine 41(3):299-302.

Caldwell, J.C., and P. Caldwell 1993 The nature and limits of the sub-Saharan Africa AIDS epidemic: Evidence from geographic and other patterns. Population and Development Review 19(4):817-848.

Caldwell, J.C., P. Caldwell, E.M. Ankrah, J.K. Anarfi, D.K. Agyeman, K. Awusabo-Asare, and I.O. Orubuloye 1993 African families and AIDS: Context, reactions and potential interventions. Health Transition Review 3(Supplement):1-16.

Coates, T.J. 1993 Prevention of HIV-I infection: accomplishments and priorities. Journal of NIH Research 5(7):73-76.

Cohen, J. 1993 Jitters jeopardize AIDS vaccine trials. Science 262(5136):980-981.

1994a U.S. panel votes to delay real-world vaccine trials. Science 264(5167):1839.

1994b Are researchers racing toward success, or crawling? Science 265(5177):1373-1375.


Dada, A.J., F. Oyewole, R. Onofowokan, A. Nasidi, B. Harris, A. Levin, L. Diamondstone, T.C. Quinn, and W.A. Blattner 1993 Demographic characteristics of retroviral infections (HIV-1, HIV-2 and HTLV-I) among



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 271
Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences References CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION Ainsworth, M., and A. M. Over 1994a The economic impact of AIDS on Africa. Pp. 559-588 in M. Essex, S. Mboup, P.J. Kanki, and M.R. Kalengayi, eds., AIDS in Africa. New York: Raven Press. 1994b AIDS and African development. World Bank Research Observer 9(2):203-240. Barnett, T., and P. Blaikie 1992 AIDS in Africa: Its Present and Future Impact. London, UK: Belhaven Press. Caldwell, J.C. 1995 Understanding the AIDS epidemic and reacting sensibly to it. Social Science and Medicine 41(3):299-302. Caldwell, J.C., and P. Caldwell 1993 The nature and limits of the sub-Saharan Africa AIDS epidemic: Evidence from geographic and other patterns. Population and Development Review 19(4):817-848. Caldwell, J.C., P. Caldwell, E.M. Ankrah, J.K. Anarfi, D.K. Agyeman, K. Awusabo-Asare, and I.O. Orubuloye 1993 African families and AIDS: Context, reactions and potential interventions. Health Transition Review 3(Supplement):1-16. Coates, T.J. 1993 Prevention of HIV-I infection: accomplishments and priorities. Journal of NIH Research 5(7):73-76. Cohen, J. 1993 Jitters jeopardize AIDS vaccine trials. Science 262(5136):980-981. 1994a U.S. panel votes to delay real-world vaccine trials. Science 264(5167):1839. 1994b Are researchers racing toward success, or crawling? Science 265(5177):1373-1375. Dada, A.J., F. Oyewole, R. Onofowokan, A. Nasidi, B. Harris, A. Levin, L. Diamondstone, T.C. Quinn, and W.A. Blattner 1993 Demographic characteristics of retroviral infections (HIV-1, HIV-2 and HTLV-I) among

OCR for page 271
Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences female professional sex workers in Lagos, Nigeria. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 6(12):1358-1363. De Cock, K.M., B. Barrere, L. Diaby, M.F. Lafontaine, E. Gnaore, A. Porter, D. Pantobe, G.C. Lafontant, A. Dagoakribi, M. Ette, K. Odehouri, and W.L. Heyward 1990 AIDS--the leading cause of adult death in the West African city of Abidjan, Ivory Coast. Science 249(4970):793-796. Feachem, R., P. Musgrove, and A.E. Elmendorf 1995 Comment from the World Bank. AIDS 9(8):982-983. Grosskurth, H., F. Mosha, J. Todd, E. Mwijarubi, A. Klokke, K. Senkoro, P. Mayaud, J. Changalucha, A. Nicoll, G. ka-Gina, J. Newell, K. Mugeye, D. Mabey, and R. Hayes 1995 Impact of improved treatment of sexually transmitted diseases on HIV infection in rural Tanzania: randomised controlled trial. The Lancet 346(8974):530-536. Hassig, S.E., J. Perriens, E. Baende, M. Kahotwa, K. Bishagara, N. Kinkela, and B. Kapita 1990 An analysis of the economic impact of HIV infection among patients at Mama Yemo Hospital, Kinshasa, Zaire. AIDS 4(9):883-887. International Ad Hoc Scientific Committee on HIV Vaccines 1994a HIV Vaccines-- Accelerating the Development of Preventive HIV Vaccines for the World. Summary Report and Recommendations of an International Meeting. March 7-11, 1994. Bellagio, Italy: The Rockefeller Foundation. 1994b HIV Vaccines-- Accelerating the Development of Preventive HIV Vaccines for the World. Summary Report and Recommendations of an International Ad Hoc Scientific Committee. October 27-28, 1994. Paris, France: The Rockefeller Foundation and the Fondation Mérieux. Kaijage, F.J. 1994a HIV/AIDS and the orphan crisis in Kagera region: Socio-economic, cultural, and historic dimensions. Unpublished background paper prepared for the USAID/Tanzania AIDS Project's Family Needs Assessment Report, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Department of History, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. 1994b HIV/AIDS and the problem of orphans in Arusha region. Unpublished background paper prepared for the USAID/Tanzania AIDS Project's Family Needs Assessment Report, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Department of History, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Kitange, H.M., D.G. Mclarty, A.B.M. Swai, J. Black, H. Machibya, D. Mtasiwa, G. Masuki, and K.G.M.M. Alberti 1994 HIV disease: The leading cause of adult death in three study areas (urban and rural) in Tanzania. Paper presented to the National Institute for Medical Research's 12th Annual Joint Scientific Conference, 21-25 February, Arusha, Tanzania. Lamptey, P., T. Coates, P. Piot, and G. Slutkin 1993 HIV prevention: Is it working? Abstract No. PS-02-2, Volume 9(1):9. IXth International Conference on AIDS, June 6-11, Berlin, Germany. Lurie, P., P. Hintzen, and R.A. Lowe 1995a Socioeconomic obstacles to HIV prevention and treatment in developing countries: the roles of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. AIDS 9(6):539-546. 1995b Response to the World Bank. AIDS 9(8):983-984. Mann, J., D.J.M. Tarantola, and T.W. Netter, eds. 1992 AIDS in the World. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. McKeown, T. 1979 The Role of Medicine: Dream, Mirage, or Nemesis? Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Mulder, D.W., A.J. Nunn, A. Kamali, and J.F. Kengeya-Kayondo 1995 Decreasing HIV-1 seroprevalence in young adults in a rural Ugandan cohort. British Medical Journal 311(7009):833-836.

OCR for page 271
Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences Mulder, D.W., A.J. Nunn, A. Kamali, J. Nakiyingi, H.U. Wagner, and J.F. Kengeya-Kayondo 1994a Two-year HIV-1-associated mortality in a Ugandan rural population. The Lancet 343(8904):1021-1023. Mulder, D.W., A.J. Nunn, H.U. Wagner, A. Kamali, and J.F. Kengeya-Kayondo 1994b HIV-1 incidence and HIV-1-associated mortality in a rural Ugandan population cohort. AIDS 8(1):87-92. Nelson, A.M., S.E. Hassig, M. Kayembe, L. Okonda, K. Mulanga, C. Brown, K. Kayembe, M.M. Kalengayi, and F.G. Mullick 1991 HIV-1 seropositivity and mortality at University Hospital, Kinshasa, Zaire, 1987. AIDS 5(5):583-586. Nunn, A.J., J.F. Kengeya-Kayondo, S.S. Malamba, J.A. Seeley, and D.W. Mulder 1994 Risk factors for HIV-1 infection in adults in a rural Ugandan community: a population study. AIDS 8(1):81-86. Over, M., and P. Piot 1993 HIV infection and sexually transmitted diseases. Pp. 455-527 in D.T. Jamison, W.H. Mosley, A.R. Measham, and J.L. Bobadilla, eds., Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. New York: Oxford University Press. Piot, P., M. Laga, R. Ryder, J. Perriens, M. Temmerman, W. Heyward, and J.W. Curran 1990 The global epidemiology of HIV infection: Continuity, heterogeneity, and change. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 3(4):403-412. Potts, M., R. Anderson, and M.C. Boily 1991 Slowing the spread of human immunodeficiency virus in developing countries. The Lancet 338(8767):608-613. Sewankambo, N.K., M.J. Wawer, R.H. Gray, D. Serwadda, C. Li, R.Y. Stallings, S.D. Musgrave, and J. Konde-Lule 1994 Demographic impact of HIV infection in rural Rakai District, Uganda: Results of a population-based cohort study. AIDS 8(10):1707-1713. Stanecki, K.A., L. Heaton, and P. Way 1995 Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Sub-Saharan Africa and Associated Interactions with HIV. International Programs Center Staff Paper No. 75. Washington, D.C.: International Programs Center, Population Division, U.S. Bureau of the Census. Stanecki, K.A. and P. Way 1994 Review of HIV Spread in Southern Africa. Washington D.C.: Center for International Research, U.S. Bureau of the Census. Tembo, G., H. Friesan, G. Asiimwe-Okiror, R. Moser, W. Naamara, N. Bakyaita, and J. Musinguzi 1994 Bed occupancy due to HIV/AIDS in an urban hospital medical ward in Uganda. AIDS 8(8):1169-1171. Turner, C.F., H.G. Miller, and L.E. Moses, eds. 1989 AIDS: Sexual Behavior and Intravenous Drug Use. National Research Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. U.S. Bureau of the Census 1994 HIV/AIDS Surveillance Database: Program Diskette, December 1994 . Washington D.C.: Center for International Research, U.S. Bureau of the Census. Way, P.O., and K.A. Stanecki 1994 The Impact of HIV/AIDS on World Population. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Bureau of the Census. World Bank 1993 World Development Report, 1993: Investing in Health. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. World Health Organization 1994 AIDS: Images of the Epidemic. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.

OCR for page 271
Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences 1995 The current global situation of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Weekly Epidemiological Record 70(2):7-8. CHAPTER 2: SOCIETAL CONTEXT Anderson, R.M. 1991 The transmission dynamics of sexually transmitted diseases: The behavioral component. Pp. 38-60 in J.N. Wasserheit, S.O. Aral, and K.K. Holmes, eds., Research Issues in Human Behavior and Sexually Transmitted Diseases in the AIDS Era. Washington, D.C.: American Society for Microbiology. Anderson, R.M., and R.M. May 1992 Understanding the AIDS pandemic. Scientific American 266(5):58-66. Andriole, V.T. 1988 Clinical overview of the newer 4-quinolone antibacterial agents. Pp. 155-200 in V.T. Andriole, ed., The Quinolones. London, UK: Academic Press. Antoine, P., and J. Nanitelamio 1991 More single women in African cities: Pikin Abidjan and Brazzaville. Population: An English Selection 3:149-169. Balépa, M., M. Fotso, and B. Barrère 1992 Enquête Démographique et de Santé: Cameroun, 1991. Yaoundé, Cameroon: Direction Nationale du Deuxième Recensement Gènèral; Columbia, MD: Macro International. Barrère, B., J. Schoemaker, M. Barrère, T. Habiyakare, A. Kabagwira, and M. Ngendakumana 1994 Enquête Démographique et de Santé: Rwanda, 1992. Kigali, Rwanda: Office National de la Population; Calverton, MD: Macro International. Bledsoe, C.H. and B. Cohen, eds. 1993 Social Dynamics of Adolescent Fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa . Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Bwayo, J.J., A.N. Mutere, M.A. Omari, J.K. Kreiss, W. Jaoko, C. Sekkade-Kigondu, and F.A. Plummer 1991a Long distance truck drivers: 2. Knowledge and attitudes concerning sexually transmitted diseases and sexual behaviour. East African Medical Journal 68(9):714-719. Bwayo, J.J., A.M. Omari, A.N. Mutere, W. Jaoko, C. Sekkade-Kigondo, J. Kreiss, and F.A. Plummer 1991b Long distance truck-drivers: 1. Prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). East African Medical Journal 68(6):425-429. Caldwell, J.C. 1995 Understanding the AIDS epidemic and reacting sensibly to it. Social Science and Medicine 41(3):299-302. Caldwell, J.C., and P. Caldwell 1993 The nature and limits of the sub-Saharan Africa AIDS epidemic: Evidence from geographic and other patterns. Population and Development Review 19(4):817-848. Caldwell, J.C., P. Caldwell, and I.O. Orubuloye 1992 The family and sexual networking in sub-Saharan Africa: Historical regional differences and present-day implications. Population Studies 46(3):385-410. Caldwell, J.C., P. Caldwell, and P. Quiggin 1989 The social context of AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. Population and Development Review 15(2):185-234. Caldwell, J.C., G. Santow, I.O. Orubuloye, P. Caldwell, and J. Anarfi, eds. 1993 Sexual Networking and HIV/AIDS in West Africa. Special supplement to Health Transition

OCR for page 271
Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences Review, Volume 3. Canberra: Health Transition Centre, Australian National University. Carballo, M., and P.I. Kenya 1994 Behavioral issues and AIDS. Pp. 497-512 in M. Essex, S. Mboup, P.J. Kanki, and M.R. Kalengayi, eds., AIDS in Africa. New York: Raven Press. Carswell, J.W., G. Lloyd, and J. Howells 1989 Prevalence of HIV-1 in east African lorry drivers. AIDS 3(11):759-761. Central Statistical Office [Zimbabwe] 1989 Demographic and Health Survey, 1988. Harare, Zimbabwe: Central Statistical Office; Columbia, MD: Macro International. de Zalduondo, B.O., M.H. Avila, and P.U. Zuñiga 1991 Intervention research needs for AIDS prevention among commercial sex workers and their clients. Pp. 165-178 in L.C. Chen, J.S. Amor, and S.J. Segal, eds., AIDS and Women's Reproductive Health. New York: Plenum Press. Denis, F., F. Barin, G. Gershy-Damet, J.L. Rey, M. Lhuillier, M. Mounier, G. Leonard, A. Sangare, A. Goudeau, S. M'Boup, M. Essex, and P. Kanki 1987 Prevalence of human T-lymphotropic retroviruses Type III (HIV) and Type IV in Ivory Coast. The Lancet 1(8530):408-411. Dyson, T., ed. 1992 Sexual Behaviour and Networking: Anthropological and Socio-Cultural Studies on the Transmission of HIV. Liège, Belgium: Editions Derouaux-Ordina. Edmondson, J., M. Wawer, N. Sewankambo, D. Serwadda, and R. Ssengonzi 1993 The rural marketing system as a nexus for HIV transmission in Uganda. Abstract No. PO-D01-3401, Volume 9(2):784. IXth International Conference on AIDS, June 6-11, Berlin, Germany. Feachem, R., P. Musgrove, and A.E. Elmendorf 1995 Comment from the World Bank. AIDS 9(8):982-983. Federal Office of Statistics [Nigeria] 1992 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey, 1990. Columbia, MD: Institute for Resource Development/Macro International. Gaisie, K., A.R. Cross, and G. Nsemukila 1993 Zambia Demographic and Health Survey, 1992. Lusaka, Zambia: University of Zambia, and Central Statistical Office; Columbia, MD: Macro International. Gersony, R. 1988 Summary of Mozambican Refugee Accounts of Principally Conflict-related Experience in Mozambique. Washington, D.C.: Bureau for Refugee Persons, U.S. Department of State. Ghana Statistical Service 1989 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey, 1988. Columbia, MD: Institute for Resource Development/Macro Systems. Goldman, N., and A. Pebley 1989 The demography of polygyny in sub-Saharan Africa. Pp. 212-237 in R.J. Lesthaeghe, ed., Reproduction and Social Organization in Sub-Saharan Africa. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. Guyer, J.I. 1994 Lineal identities and lateral networks: The logic of polyandrous motherhood. Pp. 231-252 in C. Bledsoe and G. Pison, eds., Nuptiality in Sub-Saharan Africa: Contemporary Anthropological and Demographic Perspectives. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press. Handsfield, H.H. 1991 New macrolides in the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases. Abstract C-20-272.

OCR for page 271
Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences 9th International Meeting of the International Society for STD Research, 6-9 October, Banff, Alberta, Canada. Handsfield, H.H., W.M. McCormack, E.W. Hook III, J.M. Douglas Jr., J.M. Covino, M.S. Verdon, C.A. Reichart, and J.M. Ehret 1991 A comparison fo single-dose cefixime with ceftriaxone as treatment for uncomplicated gonorrhea. The Gonorrhea Treatment Study Group. New England Journal of Medicine 325(19):1337-1341. Heise, L.L., and C. Elias 1995 Transforming AIDS prevention to meet women's needs: a focus on developing countries. Social Science and Medicine 40(7):931-943. Hogsborg, M., and P. Aaby 1992 Sexual relations, use of condoms and perceptions of AIDS in an urban area of Guinea-Bissau with a high prevalence of HIV-2. Pp. 203-231 in T. Dyson, ed., Sexual Behaviour and Networking: Anthropological and Socio-cultural Studies on the Transmission of HIV. Liège, Belgium: Editions Derouaux-Ordina. Hudson, C.P. 1993 Concurrent partners and the results of the Uganda Rakai project. AIDS 7(2):286-288. Hunt, C.W. 1989 Migrant labor and sexually transmitted disease: AIDS in Africa. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 30(4):353-373. Jochleson, K., M. Mothibeli, and J.-P. Leger 1991 Human immunodeficiency virus and migrant labor in South Africa. International Journal of Health Services 21(1):157-173. Jones, R.B., and J.N. Wasserheit 1991 Introduction to the biology and natural history of sexually transmitted diseases . Pp. 11-37 in J.N. Wasserheit, S.O. Aral, and K.K. Holmes, eds., Research Issues in Human Behavior and Sexually Transmitted Diseases in the AIDS Era. Washington, D.C.: American Society for Microbiology. Kaijuka, E.M., E.Z.A. Kaija, A.R. Cross, and E. Loaiza 1989 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey, 1988/1989. Entebbe, Uganda: Ministry of Health and Makerere University; Columbia, MD: Macro Systems. Karanja, W.W. 1987 'Outside wives' and 'inside wives' in Nigeria: A study of changing perceptions in marriage. Pp. 247-261 in D. Parkin and D. Nyamwaya, eds., Transformations of African Marriage. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press. Katjiuanjo, P., S. Titus, M. Zauana, and J.T. Boerma 1993 Namibia Demographic and Health Survey, 1992. Windhoek, Namibia: Ministry of Health and Social Services; Columbia, MD: Macro International. Konaté, D.L., T. Sinaré, and M. Seroussi 1994 Enquête Démographique et de Santé: Burkina Faso, 1993. Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso: Institut National de la Statistique; Calverton, MD: Macro International. Kourguéni, I.A., B. Garba, and B. Barrère 1993 Enquête Démographique et de Santé: Niger, 1992, Niamey, Niger: Direction de la Statistique et des Comptes Nationaux. Larson, A. 1989 Social context of human immunodeficiency virus transmission in Africa: Historical and cultural bases of east and central African sexual relations. Review of Infectious Diseases 11(5):716-731. Lurie, P., P. Hintzen, and R.A. Lowe 1995 Socioeconomic obstacles to HIV prevention and treatment in developing countries: the roles of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. AIDS 9(6):539-546.

OCR for page 271
Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences Mann, J., D.J.M. Tarantola, and T.W. Netter, eds. 1992 AIDS in the World. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Martin, D.H., T.F. Mroczkowski, Z.A. Dalu, J. McCarty, R.B. Jones, S.J. Hopkins, and R.B. Johnson. 1992 A controlled trial of a single dose of azithromycin for the treatment of chlamydial urethritis and cervicitis. The azithromycin for chlamydial infections study group. New England Journal of Medicine 327(13):921-925. McGinn, T., A. Bamba, and A. Balma 1989 Male knowledge, use and attitudes regarding family planning in Burkina Faso. International Family Planning Perspectives 15(3):84-87. Ministry of Health [Uganda] 1988 A Guide to Uganda Essential Drug Kits. Fourth Edition. Kampala, Uganda: Ministry of Health. Morris, M.W., N. Sewankambo, M. Wawer, D. Serwadda, and B. Lainjo 1995 Concurrent partnerships and HIV transmission in Rakai District, Uganda. Abstract. IXth International Conference on AIDS and STDs in Africa, December 10-14, 1995, Kampala, Uganda. National Council for Population and Development [Kenya] 1994 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, 1993. Nairobi, Kenya: Central Bureau of Statistics; Calverton, MD: Macro International. Ndiaye, S., P.D. Diouf, and M. Ayad 1994 Enquête Démographique et de Santé au Sénégal (EDS-II), 1992/93 . Dakar, Senegal: Ministère de l'Economie; Calverton, MD: Macro International. Neequaye, A.R., L. Osei, J.A.A. Mingle, G. Ankra-Badu, C. Bentsi, A. Asamoah-Adu, and J.E. Neequaye 1988 Dynamics of human immune deficiency virus (HIV) epidemic--the Ghanaian experience. Pp. 9-15 in A.F. Fleming, M. Carballo, D.W. FitzSimons, M.R. Bailey, and J. Mann, eds., The Global Impact of AIDS. New York: Alan R. Liss. Ngallaba, S., S.H. Kapiga, I. Ruyobya, and J.T. Boerma 1993 Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey, 1991/1992. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: Bureau of Statistics; Columbia, MD: Macro International. Obbo, C. 1993 HIV transmission through social and geographic networks in Uganda. Social Science & Medicine 36(7):949-955. Ogbu, O., and M. Gallagher 1992 Public expenditures and health care in Africa. Social Science & Medicine 34(6):615-624. Okoth-Ogendo, H.W.O. 1991 Africa's migrant millions. People 18(4):24-26. Omara-Otunnu, A. 1987 Politics and the Military in Uganda 1890-1985. Basingstoke, Hampshire, UK: Macmillan Press. Orubuloye, I.O., J.C. Caldwell, and P. Caldwell 1990 Experimental Research on Sexual Networking in the Ekiti District of Nigeria. Health Transition Working Paper No. 3. Canberra, Australia: Health Transition Centre, Australian National University. 1991 Sexual networking in the Ekiti district of Nigeria. Studies in Family Planning 22(2):61-73. 1992 Diffusion and focus in sexual networking: Identifying partners and partners' partners. Studies in Family Planning 23(6):343-351. 1994 Sexual Networking and AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Behavioural Research and the Social Context. Canberra: Health Transition Centre, Australian National University.

OCR for page 271
Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences Orubuloye, I.O., P. Caldwell, and J.C. Caldwell 1993 The role of high-risk occupations in the spread of AIDS: Truck drivers and itinerant market women in Nigeria. International Family Planning Perspectives 19(2):43-48. Oucho, J.O., and W.T.S. Gould 1993 Internal migration, urbanization, and population distribution. Pp. 256-296 in K.A. Foote, K.H. Hill, and L.G. Martin, eds., Demographic Change in Sub-Saharan Africa. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Pebley, A.R., and W. Mbugua 1989 Polygyny and fertility in sub-Saharan Africa. Pp. 338-364 in R.J. Lesthaeghe, ed., Reproduction and Social Organization in Sub-Saharan Africa. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. Pepin, J., F.A. Plummer, R.C. Brunham, P. Piot, D.W. Cameron, and A.R. Ronald 1989 The interaction of HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases: An opportunity for intervention. AIDS 3(1):3-9. Philips, I., A. King, and K. Shannon 1988 In vitro properties of the quinolones. Pp. 83-117 in V.T. Andriole, ed., The Quinolones. London, UK: Academic Press. Piot, P., and R. Tezzo 1990 The epidemiology of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in the developing world. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases Supplementum 69:89-97. Plourde, P.J., F.A. Plummer, M. Tyndall, E. Agoki, J. Mobete, L.A. Slaney, L.J. D'Costa, and J.O. Ndinya-Achola 1991 A randomized, open-label study of the efficacy of single dose cefixime vs. single dose ceftriaxone in the treatment of uncomplicated gonorrhoea. Abstract C-20-006. 9th International Meeting of the International Society for STD Research, October 6-9, Banff, Alberta, Canada. Preston-Whyte, E. 1994 Gender and the lost generation: The dynamics of HIV transmission among black South African teenagers in KwaZulu/Natal. Health Transition Review 4(Supplement):241-255. Quinn, T.C. 1994 Population migration and the spread of types 1 and 2 human immunodeficiency viruses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 91(7):2407-2414. Rothenberg, R.B., and J.J. Potterat 1990 Strategies for management of sex partners. Pp. 1081-1086 in K.K. Holmes, P.A. Mardh, and P.F. Sparling, eds., Sexually Transmitted Diseases. New York: McGraw-Hill. Rutenberg, N., A.K. Blanc, and S. Kapiga 1994 Sexual behaviour, social change, and family planning among men and women in Tanzania. Health Transition Review 4(Supplement):173-196. Schoepf, B.G. 1988 Women, AIDS, and the economic crisis in Central Africa. Canadian Journal of African Studies 22(3):625-644. 1992 Sex, gender and society in Zaire. Pp. 353-375 in T. Dyson, ed., Sexual Behaviour and Networking: Anthropological and Socio-cultural Studies on the Transmission of HIV. Liège, Belgium: Editions Derouaux-Ordina. Serwadda, D., M.J. Wawer, S.D. Musgrave, N.K. Sewankambo, J.E. Kaplan and R.H. Gray 1992 HIV risk factors in three geographic strata of rural Rakai district, Uganda. AIDS 6(9):983-989. Smallman-Raynor, M.R., and A.D. Cliff 1991 Civil war and the spread of AIDS in central Africa. Epidemiology and Infection 107(1):69-80.

OCR for page 271
Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences Ssengonzi, R., M. Morris, N. Sewankambo, M. Wawer, and D. Serwadda 1995 Economic status and sexual networks in Rakai District, Uganda. Abstract. IXth International Conference on AIDS and STDs in Africa, December 10-14, 1995, Kampala, Uganda. Stamm, W.E. 1987 Problems in the treatment of bacterial sexually transmitted diseases. American Journal of Medicine 82(4A):307-310. Standing, H., and M.N. Kisekka 1989 Sexual Behaviour in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Review and Annotated Bibliography. London, UK: Overseas Development Administration. Steingrimsson, O., J.H. Olafsson, J. Thorarinsson, R.W. Ryan, R.B. Johnson, and R.C. Tilton 1990 Azithromycin in the treatment of sexually transmitted disease. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 25(Supplement A):109-114. United Nations 1991 World Population Prospects 1990. New York: Department of International Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations. United Nations Economic Commission for Africa 1995 Statistical Compendium on Contraceptive Prevalence and Practice in ECA Member States. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: United Nations Economic Commission for Africa. Wasserheit, J.N. 1992 Epidemiological synergy: Interrelationships between human immunodeficiency virus infection and other sexually transmitted diseases. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 19(2):61-77. Wawer, M.J., D. Serwadda, S.D. Musgrave, J.K. Konde-Lule, M. Musagara, and N.K. Sewankambo 1991 Dynamics of spread of HIV-1 infection in a rural district of Uganda. British Medical Journal 303(6813):1303-1306. Wawer, M.J., L. Gaffikin, V. Ravao, H. Maidouka, and K. Traore 1990 Results of a contraceptive prevalence survey in Niamey, Niger. International Family Planning Perspectives 16(3):90-96. Wood, W.B. 1988 AIDS north and south: Diffusion patterns of a global epidemic and a research agenda for geographers. Professional Geographer 40(3):266-279. CHAPTER 3: EPIDEMIOLOGY OF THE HIV/AIDS EPIDEMIC Adjorlolo-Johnson, G., K.M. De Cock, E. Ekpini, K.M. Vetter, T. Sibailly, K. Brattegaard, D. Yavo, R. Doorly, J.P. Whitaker, L. Kestens, C.-Y. Ou, J.R. George, and H.D. Gayle 1994 Prospective comparison of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1, and HIV-2 in Abidjan, Ivory Coast. Journal of the American Medical Association 272(6):462-466. Allen, S., J. Tice, P. Van de Perre, A. Serufilira, E. Hudes, F. Nsengumuremyi, J. Bogaerts, C. Lindan, and S. Hulley 1992 Effect of serotesting with counselling on condom use and seroconversion among HIV discordant couples in Africa British Medical Journal 304(6842):1605-1609. Anderson, R.M., and R.M. May 1988 Epidemiological parameters of HIV transmission. Nature 333(6173):514-519. 1992 Understanding the AIDS pandemic. Scientific American 266(5):58-66. Anderson, R.M., R.M. May, M.C. Boily, G.P. Garnett, and J.T. Rowley 1991 The spread of HIV-1 in Africa: Sexual contact patterns and the predicted demographic impact of AIDS. Nature 352(6336):581-589.

OCR for page 271
Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences Aral, S.O., and T.A. Peterman 1993 Defining behavioral methods to prevent sexually transmitted diseases through intervention research. Infectious Disease Clinics of North America 7(4):861-873. Aral, S.O., and J.N. Wasserheit Forthcoming The hidden epidemic: Are sexually transmitted diseases the key to the control of HIV infection among African-American and Hispanic populations? In M. Antoni, H. Amaro, J. Jemmott, J. Szapocznik, and E.H. Johnson, eds., African Americans and Hispanics: The Role of Behavioral and Psychosocial Factors. New York: Praeger. Arya, O.P., H. Nsanzumuhire, and S.R. Taber 1973 Clinical, cultural and demographic aspects of gonorrhoea in a rural community in Uganda. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 49(6):587-595. Arya, O.P., and S.T. Taber 1975 Correlates of Venereal Disease and Fertility in Rural Uganda. Washington, D.C.: World Health Organization. Ballard, R.C., H.G. Fehler, and P. Piot 1986 Chlamydia infection in the eye and genital tract in developing societies. Pp. 479-486 in J.D. Oriel, G. Ridgway, J. Schachter, D. Taylor-Robinson, and M. Ward, eds., Chlamydial Infections. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press. Barry, M. 1988 Ethical considerations of human investigation in developing countries: The AIDS dilemma. New England Journal of Medicine 319(16):1083-1086. Beauchamp, T.L., and J.F. Childress, eds. 1983 Principles of Biomedical Ethics. 2nd edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Behets, F., M. Kashamuka, M. Pappaioanou, T.A. Green, R.W. Ryder, V. Batter, J.R. George, W.H. Hannon, and T.C. Quinn 1992 Stability of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 antibodies in whole blood dried on filter paper and stored under various tropical conditions in Kinshasa, Zaire. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 30(5):1179-1182. Belec, L., S. Lwin, and J. Pillot 1994 Testing for HIV antibody in saliva and HIV-testing centres [letter]. AIDS 8(12):1738-1739. Berger, R.E. 1990 Acute epididymitis. Pp. 641-651 in K.K. Holmes, P-A. Mardh, P.F. Sparling, P.J. Wiesner, W. Cates, S.M. Lemon, and W.E. Stamm, eds., Sexually Transmitted Diseases. New York: McGraw-Hill. Berkley, S.F., R. Widy-Wirski, S.I. Okware, R. Downing, M.J. Linnan, K.E. White, and S. Sempala 1989 Risk factors associated with HIV infection in Uganda. Journal of Infectious Diseases 160(1):22-30. Berman, S.M., H.R. Harrison, W.T. Boyce, W.J. Haffner, M. Lewis, and J.B. Arthur 1987 Low birth weight, prematurity and postpartum endometritis: Association with prenatal cervical mycoplasma hominis and chlamydia trachomatis infections. Journal of the American Medical Association 257(9):1189-1194. Berrios, D.C., A.L. Avins, K. Haynes-Sanstad, R. Eversley, and W.J. Woods 1995 Screening for human immunodeficiency virus antibody in urine. Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine 119(2):139-141. Biggar, R.J., S. Pahwa, H. Minkoff, H. Mendes, A. Willoughby, S. Landesman, and J.J. Goedert 1989 Immunosuppression in pregnant women infected with human immunodeficiency virus. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 161(5):1239-1244. Blanche, S., C. Rouzioux, M.L. Moscato, F. Veber, M.J. Mayaux, C. Jacomet, J. Tricoire, A. Deville, M. Vial, G. Firtion, A. de Crepy, D. Douard, M. Robin, C. Courpotin, N. Ciraru-Vigneron, F. le Deist, C. Griscelli, and the HIV Infection in Newborns French Collaborative Study Group

OCR for page 271
Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences 1989 A prospective study of infants born to women seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus type 1. HIV infection in newborns. New England Journal of Medicine 320(25):1643-1648. Blower, S.M., and A.R. McLean 1994 Prophylactic vaccines, risk behavior change, and the probability of eradicating HIV in San Francisco. Science 265(5177):1451-1454. Bongaarts, J., P. Reining, P. Way, and F. Conant 1989 The relationship between male circumcision and HIV infection in African populations. AIDS 3(6):373-377. Bowie, W.R., S.P. Wang, E.R. Alexander, J. Floyd, P.S. Forsyth, H.M. Pollock, J.S. Lin, T.M. Buchanan, and K.K. Holmes 1977 Etiology of nongonococcal urethritis: Evidence for chlamydia trachomatis and ureaplasma urealyticum. Journal of Clinical Investigation 59(5):735-742. Brokensha, D. 1988 Overview: Social factors in the transmission and control of African AIDS. Pp. 167-173 in N. Miller and R.C. Rockwell, eds., AIDS in Africa: The Social and Policy Impact. Lewiston, NY/Queenston, Ontario, Canada: Edwin Mellen Press. Brunham, R.C., G.P. Garnett, J. Swinton, and R.M. Anderson 1991 Gonococcal infection and human fertility in sub-Saharan Africa. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences 246(1316):173-177. Bulterys M., A. Chao, P. Habimana, A. Dushimimana, P. Nawrocki, and A. Saah 1994 Incident HIV-1 infection in a cohort of young women in Butare, Rwanda. AIDS 8(11):1585-1591. Caldwell, J.C. 1995a Lack of male circumcision and AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: Resolving the conflict. Health Transition Review 5(1):113-117. 1995b Understanding the AIDS epidemic and reacting sensibly to it. Social Science & Medicine 41(3):299-302. Caldwell, J.C., and P. Caldwell 1993 The nature and limits of the sub-Saharan African AIDS epidemic: Evidence from geographic and other patterns. Population and Development Review 19(4):817-848. Caldwell, J.C., G. Santow, I.O. Orubuloye, P. Caldwell, and J. Anarfi, eds. 1993 Sexual Networking and HIV/AIDS in West Africa. Special supplement to Health Transition Review, Volume 3. Canberra: Health Transition Centre, Australian National University. Cameron, D.W., J.N. Simonsen, L.J. D'Costa, A.R. Ronald, G.M. Maitha, M.N. Gakinya, M. Cheang, J.O. Ndinya-Achola, P. Piot, R.C. Brunham, and F.A. Plummer 1989 Female to male transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1: Risk factors for seroconversion in men. The Lancet 2(8660):403-407. Cao, Y., A.E. Friedman-Kien, J.V. Chuba, M. Mirabile, and B. Hosein 1988 IgG antibodies to HIV-1 in urine of HIV-1 seropositive individuals. The Lancet 1(8589):831-832. Cates, W., T.M. Farley, and P.J. Rowe 1985 Worldwide patterns of infertility: Is Africa different? The Lancet 2(8455):596-598. Cates, W., and A.R. Hinman 1991 Sexually transmitted diseases in the 1990's. New England Journal of Medicine 325(19):1368-1370. Chernesky, M.A., H. Lee, J. Schachter, J.D. Burczak, W.E. Stamm, W.M. McCormack, and T.C. Quinn 1994 Diagnosis of Chlamydia trachomatis urethral infection in symptomatic and

OCR for page 271
Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences Levine, C. 1991 AIDS and the ethics of human subjects research. Pp. 77-104 in F.G. Reamer, ed., AIDS and Ethics. New York: Columbia University Press. Liskin, L., C. Wharton, and R. Blackburn 1990 Condoms: Now more than ever. Population Reports 23(3)(Series H., No. 8):1-36. Loodts, P., and P. Van de Perre 1989 STD/HIV prevention, education and promotion of condom use among military recruits in Rwanda. Kigale, Rwanda: National AIDS Control Programme, Ministry of Defense. Mann, J., D.J.M. Tarantola, T.W. Netter, eds. 1992 AIDS in the World: The Global AIDS Policy Coalition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. May, J., N. Mukamanzi, and M. Vekemans 1990 Family planning in Rwanda: Status and prospects. Studies in Family Planning 21(1):20-32. McCombie, S., and R. Hornik 1992 Evaluation of a Workplace-Based Peer Education Program Designed to Prevent AIDS in Uganda. Working paper #1011. Philadelphia, PA.: Annenberg School of Communications/Center for International Health and Development Communication. Mercer, M.A., C.E. Mariel, and S.J. Scott 1993 Lessons and Legacies: The Final Report of a Grants Program for HIV/AIDS Prevention in Africa. Institute of International Programs, School of Hygiene and Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD. Minkoff, H.L., and A. Duerr 1994 Obstetric issues--relevance to women and children. Pp. 773-784 in P.A. Pizzo and C.M. Wilfert, eds., Pediatric AIDS: The Challenge of HIV Infection in Infants, Children and Adolescents. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins. Moore, M., E. Tukwasiibwe, E. Marum, C. Taremwa, K. O'Reilly, and L. Rosner 1993 Impact of HIV counselling and testing (CT) in Uganda. Abstract No. WS-C-16-4, Volume 9(1):97. IXth International Conference on AIDS, June, 6-11, Berlin, Germany. Mouli, V.C. 1992 All Against AIDS: The Copperbelt Health Education Project, Zambia . London, UK: ACTIONAID, AMREF, CHRISTIAN AID. Mwizarubi, B., U. Laukamm-Josten, C. Maijonga, G. Lwihula, A. Outwater, and D. Nyamwaga 1992 HIV/AIDS education and condom promotion for truck drivers, their assistants and sex partners in Tanzania. Abstract No. W.D. 4017, Volume 7(2):392. VIIIth International Conference on AIDS, June 16-21, Geneva, Switzerland. Nature 1993 New-style abuse of press freedom. Nature 366(6455):493-494. Ndyetabura, E.F., and M. Paalman 1994 The People in Kagera Do Not Believe the Misinformation on AIDS by the Krynens. Report of the visit to Partage Project in Kagera. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: Ministry of Health. Ngugi, E.N., J.N. Simonsen, M. Bosire, A.R. Ronald, F.A. Plummer, D.W. Cameron, P. Waiyaki, and J.O. Ndinya-Achola 1988 Prevention of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus in Africa: Effectiveness of condom promotion and health education among prostitutes. The Lancet 2(8616):887-890. Norr, K.F., B.J. McElmurry, M. Moeti, and S.D. Tlou 1992 AIDS prevention for women. Nursing Outlook 40(6):250-256. Oakley, A., D. Fullerton, and J. Holland 1995 Behavioural interventions for HIV/AIDS prevention. AIDS 9(5):479-486.

OCR for page 271
Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences Over, M., and P. Piot 1993 HIV infection and sexually transmitted diseases. Pp. 455-527 in D.T. Jamison, W.H. Mosley, A.R. Measham, and J.L. Bobadilla, eds., Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. New York: Oxford University Press. Population Council 1995 Community-Based AIDS Prevention and Care in Africa: Building on Local Initiatives. Case Studies from Five African Countries. New York, New York: The Population Council. Population Services International 1992 The Zaire Mass Media Project: A Model AIDS Prevention Communications and Motivation Project. PSI Special Reports No. 1. Washington, D.C.: Population Services International. 1994a PSI 1993/1994 Annual Report. Washington, D.C.: Population Services International. 1994b Social marketing for AIDS prevention in post-apartheid South Africa. PSI Profile, April. Washington, D.C.: Population Services International. 1994c The 1993 Year-end Sales Report. Washington, D.C.: Population Services International. 1994d Zambia social marketing project has maximum impact on war against AIDS. PSI Profile, February. Washington, D.C.: Population Services International. 1995 December 1994 and Year-end Sales Reports. Washington, D.C.: Population Services International. Robey, B., S.O. Rutstein, and L. Morris 1992 The reproductive revolution: New survey findings. Population Reports 20(4)(Series M, No. 11):1-43. Seeley, J., U. Wagner, J. Mulemwa, J. Kengeya-Kayondo, and D. Mulder 1991 The development of a community-based HIV/AIDS counselling service in a rural area in Uganda. AIDS Care 3(2):207-217. Semba, R.D., P.G. Miotti, J.D. Chiphangwi, A.J. Saah, J.K. Canner, G.A. Dallabetta, and D.R. Hoover 1994 Maternal vitamin A deficiency and mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1. The Lancet 343(8913):1593-1597. Sokal, D., S. Seitz, B. Auvert, W. Namaara, J. Stover, and R. Bernstein 1991 Simulation Modeling of Single and Combined Interventions to Control a Heterosexual HIV Epidemic: Preliminary Results. Research Triangle Park, NC: Family Health International. Stanecki, K., and P.O. Way 1994 Review of HIV Spread in Southern Africa. Washington D.C.: Center for International Research, U.S. Bureau of the Census. Stryker, J., T.J. Coates, P. DeCarlo, K. Haynes-Sanstad, M. Shriver, and H.J. Makadon 1995 Prevention of HIV infection: Looking back, looking ahead. Journal of the American Medical Association 273(14):1143-1148. Tlou, S. 1995 AIDS prevention for women: A community-based approach in Botswana. Paper presented at the World Health Organization Global Programme on AIDS Meeting on Effective Approaches for the Prevention of HIV/AIDS in Women, February 8-11, Geneva, Switzerland. Turner, C.F., H.G. Miller, and L.E. Moses, eds. 1989 AIDS: Sexual Behavior and Intravenous Drug Use. Committee on AIDS Research and the Behavioral, Social, and Statistical Sciences, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

OCR for page 271
Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences Ulin, P.R. 1992 African women and AIDS: Negotiating behavioral change. Social Science & Medicine 34(1):63-73. UNICEF 1995 Annex 7: Evaluations and studies: Their findings and recommendations. Pp. 36-58 in A Review of UNICEF Support to AIDS Control and Prevention in Uganda and Zimbabwe. New York: UNICEF Health Promotion Unit, UNICEF. U.S. Bureau of the Census 1994a Recent HIV Seroprevalence Levels by Country: December 1994. Research Note No. 15. Washington, D.C.: Health Studies Branch, Center for International Research, U.S. Bureau of the Census. 1994b Trends and Patterns of HIV/AIDS Infection in Selected Developing Countries: Country Profiles: June 1994. Research Note No. 14. Washington, D.C.: Health Studies Branch, Center for International Research, U.S. Bureau of the Census. Van de Perre, P., N. Clumeck, M. Carael, E. Nzabihimana, M. Robert-Guroff, P. De Mol, P. Freyens, J.P. Butzler, R.C. Gallo, and J.B. Kanyamupira 1985 Female prostitutes: A risk group for infection with human T-cell lymphotrophic virus type III. The Lancet 2(8454):524-526. Visrutaratna, S., C.P. Lindan, A. Sirhorachai, and J.S. Mandel 1995 'Superstar' and 'model brothel': developing and evaluating a condom promotion program for sex establishments in Chiang Mai, Thailand. AIDS 9(Supplement 1):S69-S75. Williams, E., N. Lamson, S. Efem, S. Weir, and P. Lamptey 1992 Implementation of an AIDS prevention program among prostitutes in the Cross River State of Nigeria. AIDS 6(2):229-230. Williams, G., and S. Ray 1993 Work Against AIDS: Workplace-based AIDS Initiatives in Zimbabwe . London, UK: ACTIONAID. Wilson, D., B. Myathi, and M. Whariwa 1992 A Community-level AIDS Prevention Program Among Sexually Vulnerable Groups and the General Population in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. Harare, Zimbabwe: University of Zimbabwe. World Bank 1993 Education in Sub-Saharan Africa: Policies for Adjustment, Revitalization, and Expansion. Washington, D.C.: World Bank. World Health Organization 1986 Young People's Health--A Challenge for Society: Report of a WHO Study Group on Young People and ''Health for All by the Year 2000." WHO Technical Report Series 731. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. 1992a Consensus statement from the WHO/UNICEF consultation on HIV transmission and breast-feeding. Weekly Epidemiological Record 67(24):177-179. 1992b Current and Future Dimensions of the HIV/AIDS Pandemic: A Capsule . Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization Global Programme on AIDS. 1992c Effective Approaches to AIDS Prevention: Report of the Meeting, May 26-29. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization Global Programme on AIDS. 1994a AIDS: Images of the Epidemic. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. 1994b WHO/UNESCO Pilot Projects on School-Based AIDS Education: A Summary. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. 1995 The current global situation of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Weekly Epidemiological Record 70(2):7-8.

OCR for page 271
Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences Wynendaele, B., W. Bomba, W. M'Manga, S. Bhart, and L. Fransen 1995 Impact of counselling on safer sex and STD occurrence among STD patients in Malawi. International Journal of STD & AIDS 6(2):105-109. CHAPTER 6: MITIGATING THE IMPACT OF THE EPIDEMIC Ainsworth, M., and M. Over 1994a AIDS and African development. World Bank Research Observer 9(2):203-240. 1994b The economic impact of AIDS on Africa. Pp. 559-588 in M. Essex, S. Mboup, P.J. Kanki, and M.R. Kalengayi, eds., AIDS in Africa. New York: Raven Press. Ainsworth, M., and A.A. Rwegarulira 1992 Coping with the AIDS Epidemic in Tanzania: Survivor Assistance . Technical Working Paper No. 6. Washington, D.C.: Africa Technical Department, Population, Health and Nutrition Division, The World Bank. Awusabo-Asare, K., and D.K. Agyeman 1993 Social science research and the challenge of the AIDS epidemic. Pp. 357-368 in International Union for the Scientific Study of Population Conference, Montreal, 1993. Volume 4. Liège, Belgium: International Union for the Scientific Study of Population. Baggaley, R., P. Godfrey-Faussett, R. Msiska, D. Chilangwa, E. Chitu, J. Porter, and M. Kelly 1994 Impact of HIV infection on Zambian businesses. British Medical Journal 309(6968):1549-1550. Barnett, T. 1994 The Effects of HIV/AIDS on Farming Systems and Rural Livelihoods in Uganda, Tanzania, and Zambia. Unpublished report prepared for the Food and Agriculture Organization. Norwich, UK: Overseas Development Group, University of East Anglia. Barnett, T., and P. Blaikie 1992 AIDS in Africa: Its Present and Future Impact. London, UK: Guilford Press. Biggar, R.J. 1993 When ideals meet reality: The global challenge of HIV/AIDS. American Journal of Public Health 83(10):1383-1384. Bledsoe, C., and U. Isiugo-Abanihe 1989 Strategies of child-fosterage among Mende Grannies in Sierra Leone. Pp. 442-474 in R.J. Lesthaeghe, ed., Reproduction and Social Organization in Sub-Saharan Africa. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. Bongaarts, J. 1994 Projection of the mortality impact of AIDS in Africa. Pp. 187-205 in W. Lutz, ed., The Future Population of the World: What Can We Assume Today. London, UK: Earthscan Publications. Bongaarts, J., and P. Way 1989 Geographic Variation in the HIV Epidemic and Mortality Impact of AIDS in Africa. Research Division Working Paper No. 1. New York: Population Council. Bos, E., and R.A. Bulatao 1992 The demographic impact of AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: short and long-term projections. International Journal of Forecasting 8(3):367-384. Brugha, R. 1994 HIV counseling and care programmes at the district level in Ghana. AIDS Care 6(2):129-137.

OCR for page 271
Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences Buvé, A., S.D. Foaster [sic.], C. Mbwili, E. Mungo, N. Tollenare, and M. Zeko 1994 Mortality among female nurses in the face of the AIDS epidemic: A pilot study in Zambia. AIDS 8(3):396. Caldwell, J.C., P. Caldwell, E.M. Ankrah, J.K. Anarfi, D.K. Agyeman, K. Awusabo-Asare, and I.O. Orubuloye 1993 African families and AIDS: Context, reactions, and potential interventions. Health Transition Review 3(Supplement):1-16. Caldwell, J.C., I.O. Orubuloye, and P. Caldwell 1994 Underreaction to AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. Pp. 217-234 in I.O. Orubuloye, J.C. Caldwell, P. Caldwell, and G. Santow, eds., Sexual Networking and AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Behavioral Research and the Social Context. Canberra, Australia: Health Transition Centre, Australian National University. Caraël, M., J. Cleland, and R. Ingham 1994 Extramarital sex: Implications of survey results for STD/HIV Transmission. Health Transition Review 4(Supplement):153-172. Castle, C.S. 1994 The (re)negotiation of illness diagnoses and responsibility for child death in rural Mali. Medical Anthropology Quarterly 8(3):314-335. Chela, C.M., R. Malska, T. Chava, A. Martin, A. Mwanza, B. Yamba, and E. van Prang 1994 Costing and evaluating home based care in Zambia. Abstract No. 099B/D, Volume 10(1):31. IXth International Conference on AIDS, August 7-12, Yokohama, Japan. Chela, C.M., and Z.C. Siankanga 1991 Home and community care: The Zambian experience. AIDS 5(Supplement):S157-S161. Chin, J. 1990 Current and future dimensions of the HIV/AIDs pandemic in women and children. The Lancet 336(8709):221-224. Colebunders, R.L., and B. Kapita 1994 Treatments of HIV infection. Pp. 423-437 in M. Essex, S. Mboup, P.J. Kanki, and M.R. Kalengayi, eds., AIDS in Africa. New York: Raven Press. Cuddington, J.T. 1993 Modelling the macroeconomic effects of AIDS with an application to Tanzania. World Bank Economic Review 7(2):173-189. Cuddington, J.T., and J.D. Hancock 1994 Assessing the impact of AIDS on the growth path of the Malawian economy. Journal of Development Economics 43(2):363-368. Danziger, R. 1994 The social impact of HIV/AIDS in developing countries. Social Science & Medicine 39(7):905-917. De Cock, K.M., B. Barrere, L. Diaby, M.F. Lafontaine, E. Gnaore, A. Porter, D. Pantobe, G.C. Lafontant, A. Dagoakribi, M. Ette, K. Odehouri, and W.L. Heyward 1990 AIDS--the leading cause of adult death in the West African city of Abidjan, Ivory Coast. Science 249(4970):793-796. De Cock, K.M., S.B. Lucas, S. Lucas, J. Agness, A. Kadio, and H.D. Gayle 1993 Clinical research, prophylaxis, therapy, and care for HIV disease in Africa. American Journal of Public Health 83(10):1385-1389. Foster, S. 1993 Cost and Burden of AIDS on the Zambian Health Care System: Policies to Mitigate the Impact on Health Services. Unpublished report. London, UK.: Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. 1994 HIV/AIDS in Africa. American Journal of Public Health 8(7):1178.

OCR for page 271
Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences Gillespie, S. 1989 Potential impact of AIDS on farming systems: A case study from Rwanda. Land Use Policy 6(4):301-312. Hassig, S.E., J. Perriëns, E. Baende, M. Kahotwa, K. Bishagara, N. Kinkela, and B. Kapita 1990 An analysis of the economic impact of HIV infection among patients at Mama Yemo Hospital, Kinshasa, Zaire. AIDS 4(9):883-887. IRESCO 1995 Social and Psychological Impact of HIV and AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa. Yaoundé, Cameroon: Institut de Recherche et des Études de Comportements (IRESCO). Kaijage, F.J. 1994a HIV/AIDS and the Orphan Crisis in Kagera Region: Socio-Economic, Cultural, and Historical Dimensions. Unpublished report. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: Department of History, University of Dar es Salaam. 1994b HIV/AIDS and the Problem of Orphans in Arusha Region. Unpublished report. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: Department of History, University of Dar es Salaam. Katabira, E.T., and K.R. Wabitsch 1991 Management issues for patients with HIV infection in Africa. AIDS 5(Supplement):S149-S155. Kitange, H.M., D.G. Mclarty, A.B.M. Swai, J. Black, H. Machibya, D. Mtasiwa, G. Masuki, and K.G.M.M. Alberti 1994 HIV disease: The leading cause of adult death in three study areas (urban and rural) in Tanzania. Paper presented to the National Institute for Medical Research's 12th Annual Joint Scientific Conference, 21-25 February, Arusha, Tanzania. Lwihula, G., L. Dahlgren, J. Killewo, and A. Sanstrom 1993 AIDS epidemic in Kagera region, Tanzania--the experiences of local people. AIDS Care 5(3):347-358. Lwihula, G., and M. Over 1993 Impact of adult deaths from AIDS and other fatal illnesses on the cultural practices of local people in the Kagera Area, Tanzania. Paper presented at the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population seminar on AIDS Impact and Intervention in the Developing World: The Contribution of Demography and the Social Sciences, December 5-9, Annecy, France. Mann, J.M., H. Francis, T.C. Quinn, B. Kapita, P.K. Asilo, N. Bosenge, N. Nzilambi, L. Jansegers, P. Piot, K. Ruti, and J.W. Curran 1986 HIV seroprevalence among hospital workers in Kinshasa, Zaire: Lack of association with occupational exposure. Journal of the American Medical Association 256(22):3099-3102. Metrikin, A.S., M. Zwarenstein, M.H. Steinberg, E. Van Der Vyver, G. Maartens, and R. Wood 1995 Is HIV/AIDS a primary-care disease? Appropriate levels of outpatient care for patients with HIV/AIDS. AIDS 9(6):619-623. Ministry of Health [Zambia] 1994 Report of the Workshop on the Effects of HIV/AIDS on Agricultural Production Systems. Lusaka, Zambia: Ministry of Health. M'Pelé, P., S. Lallemant-Le Coeur, and M.J. Lallemant 1994 AIDS counseling in Africa. Pp. 463-472 in M. Essex, S. Mboup, P.J. Kanki, and M.R. Kalengayi, eds., AIDS in Africa. New York: Raven Press. Mulder, D.W., A.J. Nunn, H.U. Wagner, N. Kamali, and J.F. Kengeya-Kayondo 1994a HIV-1 incidence and HIV-1-associated mortality in a rural Ugandan population cohort. AIDS 8(1):87-92.

OCR for page 271
Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences Mulder, D.W., A.J. Nunn, A. Kamali, J. Nakiyingi, H.U. Wagner, and J.F. Kengeya-Kayondo 1994b Two-year HIV-1-associated mortality in a Ugandan rural population. The Lancet 343(8904):1021-1023. National AIDS Control Programme [Kenya] no date AIDS in Kenya: Background, Projections, Impact, Interventions . Nairobi, Kenya: National AIDS Control Programme. Nelson, A.M., S.E. Hassig, M. Kayembe, L. Okonda, K. Mulanga, C. Brown, K. Kayembe, M.M. Kalengayi, and F.G. Mullick 1991 HIV-1 seropositivity and mortality at University Hospital, Kinshasa, Zaire, 1987. AIDS 5(5):583-586. Norse, D. 1991 Socio-economic impact of AIDS on food production in East Africa. Abstract No. TU.D.57, Volume 7(1):71. VIIth International Conference on AIDS, June 16-21, Florence, Italy. Obbo, C.A. 1993 Reflections on the AIDS orphans problem in Uganda. Pp. 108-109 in M. Berer and S. Ray, eds., Women and HIV/AIDS: An International Resource Book. London, UK: Pandora Press. Over, M. 1992 The Macroeconomic Impact of AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa. Technical Working Paper No. 3. Population Health and Nutrition Division, African Technical Department, The World Bank. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank. Over, M., S. Bertozzi. J. Chin, B. N'Galy, and K. Nyamuryekung'e 1988 The direct and indirect cost of HIV infection in developing countries: The cases of Zaire and Tanzania. Pp. 123-125 in A. Fleming, M. Carbalo, D.W. FitzSimmons, M.R. Bailey, and J. Mann, eds., The Global Impact of AIDS. New York: Alan R. Liss. Over, M., and P. Mujinja 1993 Expenditure on health care and use of medical services prior to death. Pp. 41-46 in The Economic Impact of Fatal Adult Illness in Sub-Saharan Africa: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank. Over, M., and P. Piot 1993 HIV infection and sexually transmitted diseases. Pp. 455-527 in D.T. Jamison and H. Mosley, eds., Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. New York: Oxford University Press. Page, H.J. 1989 Childrearing versus childbearing: Coresidence of mother and child in sub-Saharan Africa. Pp. 401-441 in R.J. Lesthaeghe, ed., Reproduction and Social Organization in Sub-Saharan Africa. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. Porter, R.W. 1994 AIDS in Ghana: Priorities and policies. Pp. 90-106 in D.A. Feldman, ed., Global AIDS Policy. Westport, CT: Bergin and Garvey. Preble, E.A. 1990 Impact of HIV/AIDS on African children. Social Science & Medicine 31(6):671-680. Quinn, T.C., P. Piot, J.B. McCormick, F.M. Feinsod, H. Taelman, B. Kapita, W. Stevens, and A.S. Fauci 1987 Serologic and immunologic studies in patients with AIDS in North America and Africa: The potential role of infectious agents as cofactors in human immunodeficiency virus infection. Journal of the American Medical Association 257(19):2617-2621. Ryder, R.W., M. Kamenga, M. Nkusu, V. Batter, and W.L. Heyward 1994 AIDS orphans in Kinshasa, Zaire: Incidence and socioeconomic consequences. AIDS 8(5):673-679.

OCR for page 271
Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences Ryder, R.W., and R.D. Mugerwa 1994 The clinical definition and diagnosis of AIDS in African adults. Pp. 269-281 in M. Essex, S. Mboup, P.J. Kanki, and M.R. Kalengayi, eds., AIDS in Africa. New York: Raven Press. Schietinger, H., C. Almedal, B.N. Marianne, R. K. Jacqueline, and B.L. Ravn 1993 Teaching Rwandan families to care for people with AIDS at home. The Hospice Journal 9(1):33-53. Schoepf, B.G. 1988 Women, AIDS, and economic crisis in Central Africa. Canadian Journal of African Studies 22(3):625-644. Schopper, D., and J. Walley 1992 Care for AIDS patients in developing countries: A review. AIDS Care 4(1):89-102. Seitz, S. 1991 IWGAIDS User's Manual, Version 3.0. Urbana/Champaign, IL: Merriam Laboratory for Analytic Political Science, Department of Political Science, University of Illinois. Sewankambo, N.K., M.J. Wawer, R.H. Gray, D. Serwadda, C. Li, R.Y. Stallings, S.D. Musgrave, and J. Konde-Lule 1994 Demographic impact of HIV infection in rural Rakai District, Uganda: Results of a population-based cohort study. AIDS 8(10):1707-1713. Shepard, D.S. 1991 Costs of Care for Persons with AIDS in Rwanda. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Institute for International Development, Harvard University. Social Policy Research Group 1993 Orphans, Widows, and Widowers in Zambia: A Situation Analysis and Options for HIV/AIDS Survival Assistance. Lusaka, Zambia: Institute for African Studies, University of Zambia. Stanley, E.A., S.T. Seitz, P.O. Way, P.D. Johnson, and T.F. Curry 1989 The United States interagency working group approach: The IWG model for the heterosexual spread of HIV and the demographic impact of the AIDS epidemic. Pp. 119-136 in The AIDS Epidemic and Its Demographic Consequences: Proceedings of the United Nations/World Health Organization Workshop on Modelling the Demographic Impact of the AIDS Epidemic in Pattern II Countries: Progress to Date and Policies for the Future . New York: United Nations/World Health Organization. Stover, J. 1993 The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Population Growth in Africa. Washington, D.C.: African Population Advisory Committee. 1994 The impact of HIV/AIDS on adult and child mortality in the developing world. Health Transition Review 4(Supplement):47-63. Tanzania AIDS Project 1994 National Assessment of Families and Children Affected by AIDS . Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: Tanzania AIDS Project. U.S. Bureau of the Census 1994 Recent HIV Seroprevalence Levels by Country: December 1994. Research Note No. 15. Washington, D.C.: Health Studies Branch, Center for International Research, U.S. Bureau of the Census. Wasserheit, J.N. 1989 The significance and scope of reproductive tract infections among Third World women. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 3(Supplement):145-168. Way, P., and K. Stanecki 1993 How bad will it be? Modelling the AIDS epidemic in Eastern Africa. Population and Environment 14(3):265-278.

OCR for page 271
Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences 1994 The Demographic Impact of an AIDS Epidemic on an African Country: Application of the IWGAIDS Model. CIR Staff Paper No. 58, Center for International Research. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Bureau of the Census. World Bank 1992a Tanzania: AIDS Assessment and Planning Study. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank. 1992b World Development Report. New York: Oxford University Press. 1993 World Development Report. New York: Oxford University Press. World Health Organization 1991 Review of Six HIV/AIDS Home Care Programmes in Uganda and Zambia . Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. 1993 AIDS Home Care Handbook. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. 1994 AIDS: Images of the Epidemic. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. CHAPTER 7: BUILDING CAPACITY FOR AIDS-RELATED RESEARCH Ali, M.M. 1994 Capacity building and donor coordination in sub-Saharan Africa. Paper presented at the African Studies Association Meetings, November 3-6, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Berg, E.J. 1993 Rethinking Technical Cooperation: Reforms for Capacity Building in Africa. New York: United Nations Development Programme. Bylmakers, L. 1992 Directory of Socio-Behavioural Research on HIV Infection and AIDS in Zimbabwe. Harare: UNICEF. Chew, D.C.E. 1990 Internal adjustments to falling civil service salaries: Insights from Uganda. World Development 18(7):1003-1014. Cohen, J.M. 1993 Building Sustainable Public Sector Managerial, Professional, and Technical Capacity: A Framework for Analysis and Intervention . Development Discussion Paper No. 473. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Institute for International Development, Harvard University. Cornia, G.A., R. Jolly, and F. Stewart, eds. 1987 Adjustment with a Human Face. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press. Elford, J., R. Bor, and P. Summers 1991 Research into HIV and AIDS between 1981 and 1990: The epidemic curve. AIDS 5(12):1515-1519. Family Health International 1992 AIDSTECH Final Report. Volume 1, September 16, 1987-September 15, 1992: Cooperative Agreement. Durham, NC: Family Health International. Harden, B. 1987 Africans recognize AIDS problem; nations begin public health drives, but resent publicity. The Washington Post, February 20, 1987. Section A, p. A21. Washington D.C.: The Washington Post. Heymann, D.L., P. Bres, M. Karam, R. Biritwum, B. Nkowane, A. Sow, P. Kenya, E.G. Beausoleil, R. Widdus, and J.M. Mann 1990 AIDS-related research in sub-Saharan Africa [letter]. AIDS 4(5):469-470. Institute of Medicine [United States] 1986 Confronting AIDS: Directions for Public Health, Health Care, and Research. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

OCR for page 271
Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences 1988 Confronting AIDS: Update 1988. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. International Labour Office 1987 Employment and Economic Reform: Toward a Strategy for The Sudan . Geneva, Switzerland: International Labour Office. Jaycox, E.V.K. 1993 Capacity building: The missing link in African development. Paper presented at the African American Institute Conference on Capacity Building, May 20, Reston, Virginia. Kpundeh, S.J. 1994 Limiting administrative corruption in Sierra Leone. Journal of Modern African Studies 32(1):139-157. Lindauer, D.L., O. Meesook, and P. Suebsaeng 1988 Government wage policy in Africa: Some findings and policy issues. World Bank Research Observer 3(1):1-25. Mann, J.M., and D.J.M. Tarantola, eds. Forth-AIDS in the World, Volume 2. New York: Oxford University Press. coming Mann, J.M., D.J.M. Tarantola, and T.W. Netter, eds. 1992 AIDS in the World. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Miller, H.G., C.F. Turner, and L.E. Moses, eds. 1990 AIDS: The Second Decade. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Msiska, R. 1994 Building an effective response: International cooperation. Integration 42(December):16-17. N'Galy B., S. Bertozzi, and R.W. Ryder 1990 Obstacles to the optimal management of HIV infection/AIDS in Africa. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 3(4):430-437. National Commission on Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome [United States] 1991 Executive Summary: America Living with AIDS. Washington, D.C.: National Commission on AIDS. 1993 Behavioral and Social Sciences and the HIV/AIDS Epidemic. Washington, D.C.: National Commission on AIDS. Olowo-Freers, B.P., and T.G. Barton 1992 In Pursuit of Fulfillment: Studies of Cultural Diversity and Sexual Behaviour in Uganda. Kampala, Uganda: UNICEF. Robinson, D. 1990 Civil Service Pay in Africa. Geneva, Switzerland: International Labour Office. Serwadda, D., and E. Katongole-Mbidde 1990 AIDS in Africa: Problems for research and researchers. The Lancet 335(8693):842-843. Turner, C.F., H.G. Miller, and L.E. Moses, eds. 1989 AIDS: Sexual Behavior and Intravenous Drug Use. National Research Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Uganda AIDS Commission 1992 Research Needs Assessment. Kampala, Uganda: Uganda AIDS Commission and Child Health and Development Centre, Makerere University. United Republic of Tanzania 1991 Research Priorities on Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection and AIDS in Tanzania. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: National AIDS Control Programme.

OCR for page 271
Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences United States Department of Health and Human Services 1994 AIDS International Training and Research Programs: Fifth Year Progress Report and Cumulative Report for the First Five Years. Washington, D.C.: National Institutes of Health. World Bank 1988 Education in Sub-Saharan Africa: Policies for Adjustment, Revitalization, and Expansion. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank. 1989 Sub-Saharan Africa: From Crisis to Sustainable Growth: A Long-Term Perspective Study. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank. 1991 The African Capacity Building Initiative: Toward Improved Policy Analysis and Development Management. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank. 1994 Better Health in Africa: Experience and Lessons Learned. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank. World Health Organization 1994 AIDS: Images of the Epidemic. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. 1995 Peter Piot to head new joint UN programme. Global AIDS News 1:1.