B

Bacterial vaginosis, 90, 101, 196

Behavior change

AIDS awareness and, 9, 126, 137, 156, 228

assessment of, 148-151

information/education campaigns and, 9, 156, 324-325

interventions, 9, 165

requirements, 158-159

vaccination and, 94

Botswana

HIV/AIDS epidemiology, 46-47, 48, 73, 75

prevention efforts, 177-178, 179-180

sexual behavior, 62, 63, 113

Blood screening, 45, 97, 98

Blood transfusions, 82, 83, 97-98

Breastfeeding, 94-96, 135, 191

Burkina Faso

HIV/AIDS epidemiology, 48, 78-79, 82-83

prevention efforts, 171

STDs, 90-91

Burundi

AIDS awareness, 137, 138

condom use, 142-144, 146

HIV/AIDS epidemiology, 83, 121

impact of AIDS, 206, 207, 208-209, 233

prevention of AIDS, 142-144

sexual behavior, 114, 117, 121, 122-123, 126

C

Cameroon

AIDSCAP project, 330-332

HIV/AIDS epidemiology, 328

panel visit to, 328-332, 338-339

prevention efforts, 171, 245, 328-332

research capacity, 255, 257

sexual behavior, 63, 114, 129, 134, 135, 150

social and behavioral research, 332

STDs, 89, 129

Cameroon Psychology Forum, 332

Cape Verde, 78

CARE, 329

Casual sex, 110, 119-122, 127-128, 129, 151, 228-229

Central African Republic

AIDS awareness, 137

HIV/AIDS epidemiology, 73

sexual behavior, 114, 116, 117, 126, 143-144, 149

STDs, 89

Cervical ectopy, 91, 92, 184

Cervical inflammation, 87

Chancroid, 84, 85, 88, 130

Childbearing.

See also Pregnancy and pregnant women

premarital, 62

social contexts for, 61, 120, 183

Children

blood transfusions, 97

coercive sex with, 132

definition of, 182

educational impact of AIDS, 235

mitigation strategies for, 320-321

mortality rates, 96-97, 216, 218, 219, 220, 223

neonatal effects of STDs, 90

orphans, 14, 50, 97, 183, 186, 205, 214, 216, 223, 318, 320-321, 322

seroprevalence, 71, 94

Vitamin A therapy, 192-193

Chlamydia, 12, 67, 84, 85, 87, 89, 90, 100, 195

Circumcision, female, 130

Circumcision, male, 69, 92, 130-131

Civil unrest and wars, 66, 79, 132

Coercive sex, 8, 65, 132, 152, 154

Commercial sex, incidence of, 122-123

Commercial sex industry/workers

condom use, 142, 145, 166

definitions, 63, 110, 122

economic factors in, 68, 124-125, 131

HIV seroprevalence, 65, 71-72, 74, 75, 79-81, 168, 180, 187

HIV-2 in, 78, 80, 82

interventions targeting, 63, 165, 166, 173, 178-179, 198-201, 331

migration and, 64, 65

and risk of infection, 93, 125-126, 136, 139

sexual contacts, 62-63

sexual practices, 134

STDs, 83, 85, 86-87, 129, 145, 179

surveys of, 112

women's status and, 61, 130

Community-based interventions. See Interventions



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