Cover Image

PAPERBACK
$42.00



View/Hide Left Panel

D
Factors Related to Nutritional Needs in Cold and in High-Altitude Environments—A Selected Bibliography

On the following pages is a selection of references dealing with the factors related to nutritional needs in cold and high altitude environments. This bibliography was compiled from the joint reference lists of the 23 chapters in this report, selected references from a limited literature search, and references recommended by the invited speakers as background reading for the workshop participants. As a result, references that are historical in nature are included in this listing with the most current studies on factors related to cold and high altitude environments.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 505
--> D Factors Related to Nutritional Needs in Cold and in High-Altitude Environments—A Selected Bibliography On the following pages is a selection of references dealing with the factors related to nutritional needs in cold and high altitude environments. This bibliography was compiled from the joint reference lists of the 23 chapters in this report, selected references from a limited literature search, and references recommended by the invited speakers as background reading for the workshop participants. As a result, references that are historical in nature are included in this listing with the most current studies on factors related to cold and high altitude environments.

OCR for page 505
--> Abbrecht, P.H., and J.K. Little 1972 Plasma erythropoietin in men and mice during acclimatization to different altitudes. J. Appl. Physiol. 32:54–58. Acheson, K.J., B. Zahorska-Markiewicz, P. Pittet, K. Anantharaman, and E. Jéquier 1980 Caffeine and coffee: Their influence on metabolic rate and substrate utilization in normal weight and obese individuals. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 33:989–997. Adolph, E.F. 1954 Water metabolism in hot climates. Pp. 54–62 in Nutrition Under Climatic Stress, H. Spector and M.S. Peterson, eds. A report of the Committee on Foods, Advisory Board on Quartermasters Research and Development. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council. Adolph, E.F., and G.W. Molnar 1946 Exchanges of heat and tolerances to cold in men exposed to outdoor weather. Am. J. Physiol. 146:507–537. Adolph, E.F., and associates 1947 Physiology of Man in the Desert. New York: Interscience Publishers, Inc. Aggio, M.C., M.J. Montano, M.T. Bruzzo, and N. Guisto 1972 Possible inefficiency of polycythemia on intolerance to high altitude. Acta Physiol. Latinoam. 22:123–128. Ahlborg, G., and P. Felig 1982 Lactate and glucose exchange across the forearm, legs and splanchnic bed during and after prolonged leg exercise. J. Clin. Invest. 69:45–54. Ahlers, S.T., J.R. Thomas, J. Schrot, and D. Shurtleff 1994 Tyrosine and glucose modulation of cognitive deficits resulting from cold stress. Pp. 301–320 in Food Components to Enhance Performance, An Evaluation of Potential Performance-Enhancing Food Components for Operational Rations, B. Marriott, ed. A report of the Committee on Military Nutrition Research, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Amor, A.F., J.A. Vogel, and D.E. Worsley 1973 The energy cost of wearing multilayer clothing. Technical Report (TM) 18–73. Farnborough, U.K.: Army Personnel Research Establishment (APRE). Anand, I., and Y. Chandrashekhar 1992 Syndromes of subacute mountain sickness: Pathophysiology and manifestations. Pp. 257–275 in The Diagnosis and Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension , E.K. Weir, S.L. Archer, and J.T. Reeves, eds. Mt. Kisco, N.Y.: Futura Publishing Inc. Anand, I., R. Ferrari, G. Kalra, P. Wahi, P. Poole-Wilson, and P. Harris 1989 Edema of cardiac origin: Studies of body water and sodium, renal function, hemodynamic indexes, and plasma hormones in untreated congestive cardiac failure. Circulation 80:299–305. Anand, I., R. Malhotra, Y. Chandrashekhar, H. Bali, S. Chauhan, R. Bhandari, and P. Wahi 1990 Adult subacute mountain sickness—a syndrome of congestive heart failure in man at very high altitude. Lancet 335:561–565. Anand, I., Y. Chandrashekhar, S. Rao, R. Malhotra, R. Ferrari, J. Chandana, B. Ramesh, K. Shetty, and M. Boparai 1993 Body fluid compartments, renal blood flow, and hormones at 6,000 m in normal subjects. J. Appl. Physiol. 74:1234–1239. Anholm, J.D., A.C. Powles, R. Downey, C.S. Houston, J.R. Sutton, M.H. Bonnet, and A. Cymerman 1992 Operation Everest II: Arterial oxygen saturation and sleep at extreme simulated altitude. Am. Rev. Respir. Dis. 145:817–826. Anonymous 1954 Manuel de l'atmosphè type OACI. Montreal: Civil Aviation Organization.

OCR for page 505
--> AR (Army Regulation) 30-21 1990 See U.S. Department of the Army, 1990. AR (Army Regulation) 40-25 1985 See U.S. Departments of the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force, 1985. Asano, M., P.I. Branemark, and A. Castenholz 1973 A comparative study of continuous qualitative and quantitative analysis of microcirculation in man. Adv. Microcirc. 5:1–31. Ashack, R., M. Farber, M. Weinberger, G. Robertson, N. Fineberg, and F. Manfredi 1985 Renal and hormonal responses to acute hypoxia in normal individuals. J. Lab. Clin. Med. 106:12–16. Askew, E.W. 1989 Nutrition for a cold environment. Phys. Sportsmed. 17:77–89. 1994 Nutrition and performance at environmental extremes. Pp. 455–474 in Nutrition in Exercise and Sport, 2d ed., I. Wolinski and J.F. Hickson, Jr., eds. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press. 1995 Environmental and physical stress and nutrient requirements. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 61(suppl.):631S–637S. Askew, E.W., J.R. Claybaugh, G.M. Hashiro, W.S. Stokes, A. Sato, and S.A. Cucinell 1987 Mauna Kea III: Metabolic effects of dietary carbohydrate supplementation during exercise at 4,100 m altitude. Technical Report T12-87. Natick, Mass.: U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine Askew, E.W., I. Munro, M.A. Sharp, S. Siegel, R. Popper, M. Rose, R.W. Hoyt, J.W. Martin, K. Reynolds, H.R. Lieberman, D. Engell, and C.P. Shaw 1987 Nutritional status and physical and mental performance of Special Operations soldiers consuming the Ration, Lightweight or the Meal, Ready-to-Eat military field ration during a 30-day field training exercise. Technical Report T7-87. Natick, Mass.: U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine. Astrand, P.O., and I. Astrand 1958 Heart rate during muscular work in man exposed to prolonged hypoxia. J. Appl. Physiol. 13:75–80. Astrup, A., J. Bulow, J. Madsen, and N.J. Christensen 1985 Contribution of BAT and skeletal muscle to thermogenesis induced by ephedrine in man. Am. J. Physiol. 248 (Endocrinol. Metab. 11):E507–E515. Astrup, A., B. Buemann, N.J. Christensen, S. Toubro, G. Thorbek, O.J. Victor, and F. Quaade 1992 The effect of ephedrine/caffeine mixture on energy expenditure and body composition in obese women. Metabolism 41(7):686–688. Axelrod, D., and R. Pitts 1952 Effects of hypoxia on renal tubular function. J. Appl. Physiol. 4:593–601. Banchero, N. 1982 Capillary density of skeletal muscles in dogs exposed to simulated altitude. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 148:435–439. Banderet, L.E., and H.R. Lieberman 1989 Treatment with tyrosine, a neurotransmitter precursor, reduces environmental stress in humans. Brain Res. Bull. 22:759–762. Bader, R.A., J.W. Eliot, and D.E. Bass 1952 Hormonal and renal mechanisms of cold diuresis. J. Appl. Physiol. 4:649–658. Bagge, U., A. Blinxt, and M. Braide 1986 Macromodel experiments on the effect of wall-adhering white cells on flow resistance. Clin. Hemorrheol. 6:365–372. Bahrke, M.S., and B. Shukitt-Hale 1993 Effects of altitude on mood, behaviour, and cognitive functioning: A review. Sports Med. 16:97–125.

OCR for page 505
--> Baker-Fulco, C.J. 1995 An overview of dietary intakes during military exercises. Pp. 121–149 in Not Eating Enough, Overcoming Underconsumption of Military Operational Rations, B.M. Marriott, ed. A report of the Committee on Military Nutrition Research, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Banderet, L.E., and R.L. Burse 1991 Effects of high terrestrial altitude on military performance. Pp. 233–254 in The Handbook of Military Psychology, R. Gal and D. Mangelsdorff, eds. New York: Wiley. Banderet, L.E., and H.R. Lieberman 1989 Treatment with tyrosine, a neurotransmitter precursor, reduces environmental stress in humans. Brain Res. Bull. 22:759–762. Banderet, L.E., D.M. MacDougall, D.E. Roberts, D. Tappan, M. Jacey, and P. Gray 1986 Effects of hypohydration or cold exposure and restricted fluid intake upon cognitive performance. Technical Note T15-86. Natick, Mass.: U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine. Banderet, L.E., B.L. Shukitt, E.A. Crohn, R.L. Burse, D.E. Roberts, and A. Cymerman 1986 Effects of various environmental stressors on cognitive performance. Pp. 592–597 in Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Military Testing Association. Mystic, Conn.: U.S. Coast Guard Academy. Bartsch, A., C. Hausmaninger, R. Walsh, R. Mentzer, D. Wyatt, and R. Pence 1986 Hypoxia-induced release of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF1) from the isolated rat and rabbit heart. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm. 140:427–433. Bärtsch, P., S. Shaw, M. Franciolli, and M.P. Gnadinger 1988 Atrial natriuretic peptide acute mountain sickness. J. Appl. Physiol. 65:1929–1937. Bärtsch, P., M. Maggiorini, W. Schobersberger, S. Shaw, W. Rascher, J. Girard, P. Weidmann, and O. Oelz 1991 Enhanced exercise-induced rise of aldosterone and vasopressin preceding mountain sickness. J. Appl. Physiol. 71:136–143. Bärtsch, P., N. Pfluger, M. Audétat, S. Shaw, P. Weidmann, P. Vock, W. Vetter, D. Rennie, and O. Oelz 1991 Effects of slow ascent to 4559 m on fluid homeostasis. Aviat. Space Environ. Med. 62:105–110. Bass, D.E., and A. Henschel 1956 Responses of body fluid compartments to heat and cold. Physiol. Rev. 36:128–144. Bates, R.E., and M.A. Bilello 1966 Defining the cold regions of the northern hemisphere. Technical Report 178. DA Task IV014501B52A023. Hanover, N.H.: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory. Bazett, H.C., F.W. Sunderman, J. Dupe, and J.C. Scott 1940 Climatic effects on the volume and composition of blood in man. Am. J. Physiol. 129:69–83. Beard, J., and B. Tobin 1987 Feed efficiency and norepinephrine turnover in iron deficiency. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 184: 337–344. Beard, J., C.A. Finch, and W.L. Green 1982 Interactions of iron deficiency, anemia, and thyroid hormone levels in the response of rats to cold exposure. Life Sci. 30:691–697. Beard, J., W. Green, L. Miller, and C. Finch 1984 Effect of iron-deficiency anemia on hormone levels and thermoregulation during cold exposure. Am. J. Physiol. (Regulatory Integrative Comp. Physiol. 16) 247:R114–R119.

OCR for page 505
--> Beard, J., B. Tobin, and S.M. Smith 1988 Norepinephrine turnover in iron deficiency at three environmental temperatures. Am. J. Physiol. (Regulatory Integrative Comp. Physiol. 24) 255:R90–R96. Beard, J.L., J.D. Haas, D. Tufts, H. Spielvogel, E. Vargas, and C. Rodriguez 1988 Iron deficiency anemia and steady-state work performance at high altitude. J. Appl. Physiol. 64:1878–1884. Beard, J.L., M.J. Borel, and J. Derr 1990 Impaired thermoregulation and thyroid function in iron-deficiency anemia. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 52:813–819. Beard, J.L., B.W. Tobin, and S.M. Smith 1990 Effects of iron repletion and correction of anemia on norepinephrine turnover and thyroid metabolism in iron deficiency. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 193:306–312. Beard J.L., Q. Chen, J.R. Connor, and B.C. Jones 1994 Altered monoamine metabolism in caudate putamen of iron-deficient rats. Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav. 48:321–324. Behm, R., A. Honig, M. Griethe, M. Schmidt, and P. Schneider 1984 Sustained suppression of voluntary sodium intake of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) in hypobaric hypoxia. Biomed. Biochem. Acta 43:975–985. Behm, R., B. Gerber, J-O. Habeck, C. Huckstorf, and K. Ruckborn 1989 Effect of hypobaric hypoxia and almitrine on voluntary salt and water intake in carotid body denervated spontaneously hypertensive rats. Biomed. Biochem. Acta 48:689–695. Bell, D., P. Tikuisis, and I. Jacobs 1992 Relative intensity of muscular contraction during shivering. J. Appl. Physiol. 72:2336–2342. Bender, P.R., R.E. McCullough, R.G. McCullough, S.Y. Huang, P.D. Wagner, A. Cymerman, A.J. Hamilton, and J.T. Reeves 1989 Increased exercise SaO2 independent of ventilatory acclimatization at 4,300 m. J. Appl. Physiol. 66:2733–2738. Bendich, A., and L.J. Machlin 1988 Safety of oral intake of vitamin E. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 48:612–619. Benjamini, E., and S. Leskowitz 1988 Überempfindlichkeitsreaktionen. Pp. 197–212 in Immunologie, E. Benjamini and S. Leskowitz, eds. Stuttgart: Schwer Verlag. Berg, A., I. Simon-Schnass, L. Rokitzki, and J. Keul 1987 Die bedeutung des vitamin E für den sportler. Deut. Z. Sportmed. 38:416–424. Berger, E., M. Gladston, and S. Horwitz 1949 The effect of anoxic anoxia on the human kidney. J. Clin. Invest. 28:648–652. Bergh, U., and B. Ekblom 1979 Influence of muscle temperature on maximal muscle strength and power output in human skeletal muscles. Acta Physiol. Scand. 107:33–37. 1979 Physical performance and peak aerobic power at different body temperatures. J. Appl. Physiol. 46:885–889. Bertolotty, E., G. Loidodice, and G.F. Quazza 1965 Sugli eventuali rapporti tra anomalia citogenetiche ed alterazioni citochimiche. La leuco fosfatasi alcalina nel mongolosmo. Minerva Pediatr. 17:873–877. Bielski, B.H.J., and H.W. Richter 1975 Some properties of the ascorbate free radical. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 258:231–237. Bigard, A.X., P. Satabin, P. Lavier, F. Canon, D. Taillandier, and C.Y. Guezennec 1993 Effects of protein supplementation during prolonged exercise at moderate altitude on performance and plasma amino acid pattern. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 66:5–10. Billings, C.E., R. Bason, D.K. Mathews, and E.L. Fox 1971 Cost of submaximal and maximal work during chronic exposure at 3,800 m. J. Appl. Physiol. 30:406–408.

OCR for page 505
--> Bischoff, M.B., W.D. Dean, T.J. Bucci, and L.A. Frics 1969 Ultrastructural changes in myocardium of animals after five months residence at 14,100 feet. Fed. Proc. 28(3):1268–1273. Bisdee, J.T., W.P.T. James, and M.A. Shaw 1989 Changes in energy expenditure during the menstrual cycle. Br. J. Nutr. 61:187–199. Bittel, J.H.M., C. Nonott-Varly, G.H. Livecchi-Gonnot, G.L.M.J. Savourey, and A.M. Hanniquet 1988 Physical fitness and thermoregulatory reactions in a cold environment in men. J. Appl. Physiol. 65:1984–1989. Bland, J. 1986 Vitamin E, ein pharmakologisch wirksamer Nähr-stoff. Pp. 47–59 in Frei Radikale: Vitamin E—Therapeutische Bedeutung, V. Böhlau and J. Reimann, eds. München: Otto Hoffmanns Verlag. Blomstrand, E., and B. Essen-Gustavson 1987 Influence of reduced muscle temperature on metabolism in type I and type II human muscle fibres during intensive exercise. Acta Physiol. Scand. 131:569–574. Blomstrand, E., L. Kaijser, A. Martinsson, U. Bergh, and B. Ekblom 1986 Temperature-induced changes in metabolic and hormonal responses to intensive dynamic exercise. Acta Physiol. Scand. 127:477–484. Bly, C.G., R.E. Johnson, R.M. Kark, C.F. Consolazio, H.L. Swain, A. Laudani, M.M. Maloney, W.G. Figueroa, and L.E. Imperiale 1950 Survival in the cold. U.S. Armed Forces Med. J. 1:615–628. Bonjour, J-P. 1991 Biotin. Pp. 393–427 in Handbook of Vitamins. L.J. Machlin, ed. New York: Marcel Dekker. Borel, M.J., S.H. Smith, D.E. Brigham, and J.L. Beard 1991 The impact of varying degrees of iron nutriture on several functional consequences of iron deficiency in rats. J. Nutr. 121:729–736. Boswick, J.A., J.D. Thompson, and R.A. Jonas 1979 The epidemiology of cold injuries. Surg. Gynecol. Obstet. 149:326–332. Boulant, J.A., and J.D. Hardy 1974 The effect of spinal and skin temperatures on the firing rate and thermosensitivity of preoptic neurons. J. Physiol. 240:639–660. Bouissou, P., J-P. Richalet, F. Galen, M. Lartigue, P. Larmignat, F. Devaux, C. Dubray, and A. Keromes 1989 Effect of β-adrenoceptor blockade on renin-aldosterone and a-ANF during exercise at altitude. J. Appl. Physiol. 67:141–146. Boutellier, U., O. Deriaz, P.E. Di Prampero, and P. Cerretelli 1990 Aerobic performance at altitude: Effects of acclimatization and hematocrit with reference to training. Int. J. Sports Med. 11:S21–S26. Boutwell, J.H., J.H. Cilley, L.R. Kransno, A.C. Ivy, and C.J. Farmer 1950 Effect of repeated exposure of human subjects to hypoxia on glucose tolerance, excretion of ascorbic acid, and phenylalanine tolerance. J. Appl. Physiol. 2:388–392. Boycott, A.E., and J.S. Haldane 1908 The effects of low atmospheric pressure on respiration. J. Physiol. 37:355–377. Boyer, S.J., and F.D. Blume 1984 Weight loss and changes in body composition at high altitude. J. Appl. Physiol. 57:1580–1585. Bradwell, A.R., J.H. Foote, J.J. Milles, P.W. Dykes, P.J.E. Forster, I. Chesner, and N.V. Richardson 1986 Effect of acetazolamide on exercise performance and muscle mass at high altitude. Lancet 1(8488):1001–1005.

OCR for page 505
--> Brahmachari, H., M. Malhotra, K. Ramachandran, and U. Radhakrishnan 1973 Progressive changes in plasma cortisol, antidiuretic hormone and urinary volume of normal lowlanders during short stay at high altitude. Ind. J. Exp. Biol. 11:454–455. Brebbia, D.R., R.F. Goldman, and E.R. Buskirk 1957 Water vapor loss from the respiratory tract during outdoor exercise in the cold. J. Appl. Physiol. 11: 219–222. Brigham, D. 1995 Thyroid Hormone Kinetics in Iron Deficiency at Two Environmental Temperatures. Doctoral Dissertation. The Pennsylvania State University, State College, Pa. Brigham, D., and J.L. Beard In Iron and thermoregulation: A review. In Critical Reviews in Food Science and Press Nutrition. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press. Brody, T. 1991 Folic Acid. Pp. 453–489 in Handbook of Vitamins. L.J. Machlin, ed. New York: Marcel Dekker. Brooks, G.A., and T.D. Fahey 1984 Exercise Physiology: Human Bioenergetics and Its Application. New York: John Wiley and Sons. Brooks, G.A., G.E. Butterfield, R.R. Wolfe, B.M. Groves, R.S. Mazzeo, J.R. Sutton, E.E. Wolfel, and J.T. Reeves 1991 Decreased reliance on lactate during exercise after acclimatization to 4,300 m. J. Appl. Physiol. 71:333–341. 1991 Increased dependence on blood glucose after acclimatization to 4,300 m. J. Appl. Physiol. 70:919–927. Brouns, F. 1992 Nutritional aspects of health and performance at lowland and altitude. Int. J. Sports Med. 13:S100–S106. Brown, G.M., and J. Page 1952 The effect of chronic exposure to cold on temperature and blood flow of the hand. J. Appl. Physiol. 5:220–227. Budd, G.M., J.R. Brotherhood, A.L. Hendrie, and S.E. Jeffery 1991 Effects of fitness, fatness, and age on men's responses to whole body cooling in air. J. Appl. Physiol. 71:2387–2393. Bulow, J. 1981 Human adipose tissue blood flow during prolonged exercise. Effect of beta-adrenergic blockade, nicotinic acid and glucose infusion. Scand. J. Clin. Lab. Invest. 41:415–424. Burlington, R.F. 1966 Gluconeogenesis in kidney cortex slices from cold-exposed rats and hamsters. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 17:1049–1052. Burlington, R.F., and G.J. Klain 1967 Effect of hypoxia on gluconeogenesis in the albino rat and thirteen-lined ground squirrel. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 20:275–283. Burse, R.L., A. Cymerman, and A.J. Young 1987 Respiratory response and muscle function during isometric handgrip exercise at high altitude. Aviat. Space Environ. Med. 58:39–46. Burton, A.C., and O.G. Edholm 1955 Vascular reactions to cold. Pp. 129–147 in Man in a Cold Environment, L.E. Bayliss, W. Feldberg, and A.L. Hodgkin, eds. London: Edward Arnold Publishers, Ltd. Burton, G.W., and K.U. Ingold 1984 β-carotene: An unusual type of lipid antioxidant. Science 224:569–573.

OCR for page 505
--> Buskirk, E.R. 1966 Physiology and performance of track athletes at various altitudes in the United States and Peru. Pp. 65–72 in The Effects of Altitude on Physical Performance, R.F. Goddard, ed. Chicago: Athletic Institute. Buskirk, E.R., and J. Mendez 1967 Nutrition, environment and work performance with special reference to altitude. Fed. Proc. 26:1760–1767. Buskirk, E.R., J. Kollias, R.F. Akers, E.K. Prokop, and E.P. Reategui 1967 Maximal performance at altitude and return from altitude in conditioned runners. J. Appl. Physiol. 23:259–266. Butterfield, G.E. 1990 Elements of energy balance at altitude. Pp. 88–93 in Hypoxia, the Adaptations, J.R. Sutton, G. Coates, and J.E. Remmers, eds. Philadelphia: B.C. Decker, Inc. Butterfield, G.E., J. Gates, S. Fleming, G.A. Brooks, J.R. Sutton, and J.T. Reeves 1992 Increased energy intake minimizes weight loss in men at high altitude. J. Appl. Physiol. 72:1741–1748. Calloway, D.H. 1975 Nitrogen balance of men with marginal intakes of protein and energy . J. Nutr. 105:914–923. Calloway, D.H., and M.S. Kurzer 1982 Menstrual cycle and protein requirements of women. J. Nutr. 112:98–108. Carabello, F.B. 1974 Role of tocopherol in the reduction of mitochondrial NAD. Can. J. Biochem. 52:679–688. Carabello, F.B., F. Liu, O. Eames, and J. Bird 1971 Effect of vitamin E deficiency on mitochondrial energy transfer. Fed. Proc. 30:639. Carlson, L., R. Havel, and L. Ekelud 1963 Effect of nicotinic acid on the turnover rate and oxidation of the free fatty acids of plasma in man during exercise. Metabolism 12:837–845. Carson, R.P., W.O. Evans, J.L. Shields, and J.P. Hannon 1969 Symptomatology, pathophysiology, and treatment of acute mountain sickness. Fed. Proc. 28:1085–1091. Castenfors, J. 1967 Renal function during exercise. Acta Physiol. Scand. 293:1–44. Cavaletti, G., R. Moroony, P. Garavaglia, and G. Tredici 1987 Brain damage after high altitude climbs without oxygen. Lancet 1:101. CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) 1994 Daily dietary fat and total food energy intakes—Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Phase 1, 1989–91. Morbid. Mortal. Weekly Rep. 43(7):116–125. Cerretelli, P., and P.E. di Prampero 1985 Aerobic and anaerobic metabolism during exercise at altitude. Pp. 1–19 in High Altitude Deterioration, J. Rivolire, P. Cerrettelli, J. Foray, and P. Segantini, eds. Basel: Karger. Chen, L.H., and C.I. Lin 1980 Some enzymatic changes associated with pathological changes in rats with long-term vitamin E deficiency. Nutr. Rep. Int. 21:387–395. Chesner, I.M., N.A. Small, and P.W. Dykes 1987 Intestinal absorption at high altitude. Postgrad. Med. J. 63:173–175. Chinn, K., and J. Hannon 1969 Efficiency of food utilization at high altitude. Fed. Proc. 28:944–947. 1970 Effects of diet and altitude on the body composition of rats. J. Nutr. 100(7):732–738.

OCR for page 505
--> Chow, C.K. 1979 Nutritional influence on cellular antioxidant defense systems. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 32:1066–1081. Christensen, B., H. Johnson, and A. Ross 1975 Organ fluid changes and electrolyte excretion of rats exposed to high altitude. Aviat. Space Environ. Med. 46:16–20. Clark, C.F., R.K. Heaton, and A.N. Wiens 1983 Neuropsychological functioning after prolonged high altitude exposure in mountaineering. Aviat. Space Environ. Med. 54:202–207. Clarke, R.S.J., F. Hellon, and A.R. Lind 1957 Cold vasodilation in the human forearm. J. Physiol. 137:84–85. 1958 The duration of sustained contractions of the human forearm at different muscle temperatures. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 143:454–473. Clarkson, P.M. 1993 The effect of heat on vitamin requirements. Pp. 137–171 in Nutritional Needs in Hot Environments, Applications for Military Personnel in Field Environments, B.M. Marriott, ed. A report of the Committee on Military Nutrition Research, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. Washington D.C.: National Academy Press. Claybaugh, J., and C. Wade 1987 Hormonal regulation of fluid and electrolytes: Environmental effects . Pp. 187–214 in Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Conference on Hormonal Regulation of Fluid and Electrolytes: Environmental Effects, J. Claybaugh and C. Wade, eds. Washington, D.C.: Plenum Publishing Corporation. Claybaugh, J., C. Wade, A. Sato, S. Cucinell, J. Lane, and J. Maher 1982 Antidiuretic hormone responses to eucapnic and hypocapnic hypoxia in humans. J. Appl. Physiol. 53:815–823. Claybaugh, J., W. Stokes, B. Freund, and G. Bryant 1987 Plasma vasopressin is increased only during the first two of six hours of severe hypoxia in conscious goats [abstract]. Fed. Proc. 46:796. Clyde, D.J. 1963 Manual for the Clyde Mood Scale. Coral Gable, Fla.: Biometric Laboratory, University of Miami. Coates, G., G. Gray, A. Mansell, C. Nahmias, A. Powles, J. Sutton, and C. Webber. 1979 Changes in lung volume, lung density, and distribution of ventilation during hypobaric decompression. J. Appl. Physiol. 46:752–755. Coleshaw, S.R.K., J.C. Easton, W.R. Keatinge, M.A. Floyer, and J. Garrard 1986 Hypothermia in emergency admissions in cold weather [abstract]. Clin. Sci. 70:93. Colice, G., and G. Ramirez 1985 Effect of hypoxemia on the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in humans. J. Appl. Physiol. 58:724–730. 1986 Aldosterone response to angiotensin II during hypoxemia. J. Appl. Physiol. 61:150–154. Collins, K.J., C. Dore, A.N. Exton-Smith, R.H. Fox, and I.C. Macdonald 1977 Accidental hypothermia and impaired temperature homeostasis in the elderly. Br. Med. J. 1:353–356. Colquhoun, E. Q., and M.G. Clark 1991 Open question: Has thermogenesis in muscle been overlooked and misinterpreted? News Physiol. Sci. 6:256–259. Conley, K.E., R.B. Schoene, M.L. Bly, and M. Kushmerick 1994 Metabolic recovery from exercise: No flow or diffusion limitations [abstract]. Fed. Am. Soc. Exp. Biol. J. 8(4):A288. Consolazio, C.F., R.A. Nelson, L.O. Matoush, and J.E. Hansen 1966 Energy metabolism at high altitude (3,475 m). J. Appl. Physiol. 21:1732–1740.

OCR for page 505
--> Consolazio, C.F., H.L. Johnson, L.O. Matoush, R.A. Nelson, and G.J. Isaac 1968 Respiratory function in normal young adults at seal level and 4300 meters. Mil. Med. 133(2):96–105. Consolazio, C.F., L. Matoush, H. Johnson, and T. Daws 1968 Protein and water balances of young adults during prolonged exposure to high altitude (4,300 meters). Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 21:154–161. Consolazio, C.F., L.O. Matoush, H.L. Johnson, H.J. Krzywicki, T.A. Daws, and G.J. Isaac 1969 Effects of high-carbohydrate diets on performance and clinical symptomatology after rapid ascent to high altitude. Fed. Proc. 28:937–943. Consolazio, C.F., H.L. Johnson, H.J. Krzywicki, and T.A. Daws 1972 Metabolic aspects of acute altitude exposure (4,300 m) in adequately nourished humans. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 25:23–29. Cooperman, J.M., and R. Lopez 1991 Riboflavin. Pp. 283–310 in Handbook of Vitamins. L.J. Machlin, ed. New York: Marcel Dekker. Coppin, E.G., S.D. Livingstone, and L.A. Kuehn 1978 Effects on handgrip strength due to arm immersion in a 10°C water bath. Aviat. Space Environ. Med. 49:1322–1326. Cormier, M. 1977 Regulatory mechanisms of energy needs: Vitamins in energy utilization. Prog. Food Nutr. Sci. 2:347–356. Costill, D.L. 1988 Carbohydrates for exercise: Dietary demands for optimal performance. Int. J. Sports Med. 9:1–18. Cousins, R.J., and J.M. Hempe 1990 Zinc Pp. 251–260 in Present Knowledge of Nutrition, 6th ed., M.L. Brown, ed. Washington, D.C.: International Life Sciences Institute, Nutrition Foundation. Craig, F.N., and E.C. Cummings 1966 Dehydration and muscular work. J. Appl. Physiol. 21:670. Cruz, J.C., R.F. Grover, J.T. Reeves, J.T. Maher, A. Cymerman, and J.C. Denniston 1976 Sustained venoconstriction in man supplemented with CO2 at high altitude. J. Appl. Physiol. 40:96–100. Cudaback, D.D. 1984 Four-km altitude effects on performance and health. Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific 96:463–477. Cunningham, J.J. 1991 Body composition as a determinant of energy expenditure: A synthetic review and a proposed general equation. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 54:963–969. Cunningham, W.L., E.J. Becker, and F. Kreuzer 1965 Catecholamines in plasma and urine at high altitude. J. Appl. Physiol. 20:607–610. Curran-Everett, D., J. Claybaugh, K. Miki, S. Hong, and J. Krasney 1988 Hormonal and electrolyte responses of conscious sheep to 96 h of hypoxia. Am. J. Physiol. 255:R274–R283. Cymerman, A., and P.B. Rock 1994 Medical problems in high mountain environments: A handbook for medical officers. Technical Report TN 94-2. U.S. Natick, Mass.: U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine. Cymerman, A., J.T. Reeves, J.R. Sutton, P.B. Rock, B.M. Groves, M.K. Malconian, P.M. Young, P.D. Wagner, and C.S. Houston 1989 Operation Everest II: Maximal oxygen uptake at extreme altitudes. J. Appl. Physiol. 66:2446–2453.

OCR for page 505
--> Czeisler, A., and J.S. Allan 1980 Rapid phase shifting in humans requires bright light [abstract]. Chronobiologica 14:167. Czeisler, C.A., E.I. Weitzman, M.C. Moore-Ede, J.C. Zimmerman, and R.I. Knauer 1980 Human sleep: Its duration and structure depends on its circadian phase. Science 210:1264–1267. Czeisler, C.A., J.S. Allan, S.G. Strogatz, J.M. Ronda, C.D.R. Sanchez, W.O. Freitag, G.S. Richardson, and R.E. Kronauer 1986 Bright light resets the human circadian pacemaker independent of the timing of the sleep-wake cycle. Science 233:667–671. Czeizel, A.E. 1993 Prevention of congenital abnormalities by periconceptional multivitamin supplementation. Brit. Med. J. 306:1645–1648. Daan, S., and J. Aschoff 1981 Short-term rhythms in activity. Pp. 491–498 in Biological Rhythms, J. Aschoff, ed. New Coppin, E.G., S.D. Livingstone, and L.A. Kuehn 1978 Effects on handgrip strength due to arm immersion in a 10°C water bath. Aviat. Space Environ. Med. 49:1322–1326. Danguir, J. 1996 The relationship between food and sleep. Pp. 1375–1387 in Handbook of Physiology, Environmental Physiology, M.J. Fregly and C.M. Blatteis, eds. New York: Oxford University Press. Danguir, J., H. Gerard, and S. Nicolaidis 1979 Relations between sleep and feeding patterns in the rat. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 93:820–830. Dann, E.J., S. Gillis, and R. Burstein 1990 Effect of Fluid intake on renal function during exercise in the cold. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 61:133–137. Danzl, D.F., and R.S. Pozos 1994 Accidental hypothermia. New Engl. J. Med. 331:1756–1760. Dauncey, M.J. 1990 Thyroid hormones and thermogenesis, Proc. Nutr. Soc. 49:202–215. Davies, C.T.M., and M.W. Thompson 1979 Aerobic performance of female marathon and male ultramarathon athletes. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 41:233–245. Davies, C.T.M., and K. Young 1983 Effect of temperature on the contractile properties and muscle power of triceps surae in humans. J. Appl. Physiol. 55:191–195. Davies, K.J.A., C.M. Donovan, C.J. Refino, G.A. Brooks, L. Packer, and P.R. Dallman 1984 Distinguishing effects of anemia and muscle iron deficiency on exercise bioenergetics in the rat. Am. J. Physiol. (Endocrinol. Metab. 9) 246:E539–E543. De Boer, J.O., A.J.H. van Es, J.E. Vogt, J.M.A. van Raiij, and J.G.A.J. Haustvast 1987 Reproducibility of 24 h expenditure measurements using a human whole body indirect calorimeter. Br. J. Nutr. 57:201–209. de Groot, W.H. 1993 Survival from a C130 accident in the Canadian high Arctic. Pp. K1.1–K1.5 in The Support of Air Operations under Extreme Hot and Cold Weather Conditions. Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development (AGARD) Conference Proceedings 540. Neuilly-sur-Seine, France: North Atlantic Treaty Organization. DeLany, J.P., D.A. Schoeller, R.W. Hoyt, E.W. Askew, and M.A. Sharp 1989 Field use of D218O to measure energy expenditure of soldiers at different energy intakes. J. Appl. Physiol. 67:1922–1929.

OCR for page 505
--> Shurtleff, D., J.R. Thomas, J. Schrot, K. Kowalski, R. Harford, M.O. Thornton, P.A. Shea, and M. Malik 1992 Tyrosine reverses a cold-stress-induced memory deficit in humans. Abstr. Soc. Neuro. 18(2):1210. Shurtleff, D., J.R. Thomas, S.T. Ahlers, and J. Schrot 1993 Tyrosine ameliorates a cold-induced delayed matching-to-sample performance decrement in rats. Psychopharmacol. (Berl.) 112:228–232. Shurtleff, D., J.R. Thomas, J. Schrot, K. Kowalski, and R. Harford 1994 Tyrosine reverses a cold-induced memory deficiency in humans. Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav. 47:935–941. Sies, H. 1993 Vitamin E in biologischen Systemen: Die Biochemie van Tocopheryl-Radikalen und ihre Rolle bei Krankheiten im Menschen. Pp. 11–20 in Vitamin E in der modernen Medizen, K. Schmidt and W. Wildmeister, eds. Lenggries/Obb. MKM Verlagsgesellschaft. Simon-Schnass, I. 1993 Vitamin E requirements for physical activity: Vitamin E. Pp. 144–153 in World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics, A.P. Simopoulos, ed. Basel: Karger. 1994 Risk of oxidative stress during exercise at high altitude. Pp. 191–210 in Exercise and Oxygen Toxicity, C.K. Sen, L. Packer, and O. Hänninen, eds. Amsterdam: Elsevier. 1995 Benefit of supplementation with antioxidants at high altitude. Nutrition under Extreme Stress Symposium. April 2–3, ACS National Meeting, Anaheim, Calif. Simon-Schnass, I., and H.W. Koeppe 1983 Vitamin E und arteriosklerose. Z. Allgemeinmedizin 59:1474–1476. Simon-Schnass, I., and L. Korniszewski 1990 The influence of vitamin E on rheological parameters in high altitude mountaineers. Int. J. Vit. Nutr. Res. 60:26–34. Simon-Schnass, I., and H. Pabst 1988 Influence of Vitamin E on physical performance. Int. J. Vit. Nutr. Res. 58:49–54. Singh, I., P.K. Khanna, M.C. Srivastava, M. Lal, S.B. Roy, and C.S.V. Subramanyam 1969 Acute mountain sickness. N. Engl. J. Med. 280:175–184. Singh, I., M. Malhotra, P. Khanna, R. Nanda, T. Purshottam, T. Upadhyay, U. Radhakrishnan, and H. Brahmachari 1974 Changes in plasma cortisol, blood antidiuretic hormone and urinary catecholamines in high altitude pulmonary edema. Int. J. Biometeorol. 18:211–221. Singh, M., S. Jain, S. Rawal, H. Divekar, R. Parshad, A. Tyagi, and K. Sinha 1986 Comparative study of acetazolamide and spironolactone on body fluid compartments on induction to high altitude. Int. J. Biometeorol. 30:33–41. Singh, M., S. Rawal, A. Tyagi, M. J. Bhagat, R. Parshad, and H. Divekar 1988 Changes in body fluid compartments on re-induction to high altitude and effect of diuretics. Int. J. Biometeorol. 32:36–40. Singh, M., S. Rawal, and A. Tyagi 1990 Body fluid status on induction, reinduction and prolonged stay at high altitude of human volunteers. Int. J. Biometeorol. 34:93–97. Siple, P.A., and C.R. Passel 1945 Measurements of dry atmospheric cooling in sub freezing temperatures. Proc. Am. Philos. Soc. 89:177–199. Siri, W.E., A.S. Cleveland, and P. Blanche 1969 Adrenal gland activity in Mt. Everest climbers. Fed. Proc. 28:1251–1256. Slater, J., R. Tuffley, E. Williams, C. Beresford, P. Sonksen, R. Edwards, R. Ekins, and M. McLaughlin 1969 Control of aldosterone secretion during acclimatization to hypoxia in man. Clin. Sci. 37:327–341.

OCR for page 505
--> Slater, J., E. Williams, R. Edwards, R. Ekins, P. Sonksen, C. Beresford, and M. McLaughlin 1969 Potassium retention during the respiratory alkalosis of mild hypoxia in man: Its relationship to aldosterone secretion and other metabolic changes. Clin. Sci. 37:311–326. Smith, A.P., and C. Miles 1986 Effects of lunch on selective and sustained attention. Neuropsychobiology 16:117–120. Smith, S.M., S.H. Smith, and J.L. Beard 1992 Metabolic rate and thyroxine monodeiodinase activity in iron-deficient female Sprague-Dawley rats: Effects of the ovarian steroids. J. Nutr. Biochem. 3:461–466. Smith, S.M., D.R. Deaver, and J.L. Beard 1992 Heart norepinephrine content in iron-deficiency anemia. J. Nutr. Biochem. 3:167–171. Soper, B.D., and R.F. Weick 1980 Hypothalamic and extrahypothalamic medication of pulsatile discharges of luteinizing hormone in the ovariectomized rat. Endocrinology 106:348–355. Spector, H., and M.S. Peterson, eds. 1952 Nutrition under Climatic Stress. A report of the Committee on Foods, Advisory Board on Quartermaster Research and Development. Washington D.C.: National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council. Sridharan, K., M.S. Malhotra, T.N. Upadhayay, S.K. Grover, and G.L. Dua 1982 Changes in gastrointestinal function in humans at an altitude of 3,500 m. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 50:145–152. Sridharan, K., A.K. Mukherjee, S.K. Grover, M.M.L. Kumaria, B.S. Arora, and R.M. Rai 1987 Assessment of nutritional status and physical work capacity of road construction workers at altitude of 2,150–2,750 m on two different ration scales. Nutr. Rep. Int. 35:1269–1277. Stalcup, S., J. Lipset, J. Woan, P. Leuenberger, and R. Mellins 1985 Inhibition of angiotensin converting enzyme activity in cultured endothelial cells by hypoxia. J. Clin. Invest. 75:1745. Stampfer, M.J., C.H. Hennekens, J.E. Manson, G.A. Colditz, B. Rosner, and W.C. Willett 1993 Vitamin E consumption and the risk of coronary disease in women. N. Eng. J. Med. 328:1444–1449. Stein, T.P., R.W. Hoyt, R.G. Settle, M. O'Toole, and W.D.B. Hiller 1987 Determination of energy expenditure during heavy exercise, normal daily activity, and sleep using the doubly-labeled-water (2H218O) method. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 45:534–539. Stein, T.P., R.W. Hoyt, M. O'Toole, M.J. Leskiw, M.D. Schluter, R.R. Wolfe, and W.D.B. Hiller 1989 Protein and energy metabolism during prolonged exercise in trained athletes. Int. J. Sports Med. 10:311–316. Stephenson, L.A., and M.A. Kolka 1993 Thermoregulation in women. Exerc. Sports Sci. Rev. 21:231–262. Stillman, M.J., B. Shukitt-Hale, A. Levy, and H.R. Lieberman 1993 Cold stress exposure alters hippocampal cholinergic neurotransmission. Abstr. Soc. Neuro. 19:1451. Stillman, M.J., B. Shukitt-Hale, A. Levy, H.E. Modrow, and H.R. Lieberman 1994 Differential effects of acute stress exposure on radial arm maze performance. Abstr. Soc. Neuro. 20:1443. Stock, M.J., and N.J. Rothwell 1991 Diet-induced thermogenesis: A role for brown adipose tissue. Pp. 101–113 in Nutritional Factors: Modulating Effects on Metabolic Processes, R.F. Beers and E.G. Bassett, eds. New York: Raven Press. Stock, M.J., N.G. Norton, A. Ferro-luzzi, and E. Evans 1978 Effect of altitude on dietary-induced thermogenesis at rest and during light exercise in man. J. Appl. Physiol. 45:345–349.

OCR for page 505
--> Stocker, R., and B. Frei 1991 Oxidants and antioxidants. Pp. 213–243 in Oxidative Stress, H. Sies, ed. London: Academic Press. Stone, E.A. 1975 Stress and catecholamines. Pp. 31–71 in Catecholamines and Behavior, A.J. Freidhoff, ed. New York: Plenum Press. Strange, S., L.B. Rowell, N.J. Christensen, and B. Saltin 1990 Cardiovascular responses to carotid sinus baroreceptor stimulation during moderate to severe exercise in man. Acta Physiol. Scand. 138:145–153. Stroud, M. 1993 Shadows on the Wasteland. London: Jonathan Cape. Subramanian, R., B. Bhatia, and H. Siddiqui 1975 Urine output and blood ADH in rats under different grades of hypoxia. P. 126 in Selected Topics in Environmental Biology, B. Bhatia, G.S. Chinna, and B. Singh, eds. New Delhi: Interprint Publications. Suda, T., T. Shinki, and N. Takahashi 1990 The role of vitamin D in bone and intestinal cell differentiation. Annu. Rev. Nutr. 10:195–211. Sui, G., Y. Liu, X. Cheng, I.S. Anand, E. Harris, P. Harris, and D. Heath 1988 Subacute infantile mountain sickness. J. Pathol. 155:161–170. Sundaresan, P.R., and D.G. Therriault 1969 Metabolism of retinol in cold-exposed rats. Pp. 69–75 in Symposium on Influence of Cold on Metabolic Regulation, E.M. Zipf, ed. Bull. N.J. Acad. Sci. New Brunswick, N.J.: Standard Press. Surks, M.I. 1965 Effects of hypoxia and high altitude on thyroidal iodine metabolism in the rat. Endocrinol. 78:307–315. 1966 Metabolism of human serum albumin in man during acute exposure to high altitude (14,100 feet). J. Clin. Invest. 45:1442–1451. Surks, M.I., K.S. Chinn, and L.R. Matoush 1966 Alterations in body composition in man after acute exposure to high altitude. J. Appl. Physiol. 21:1741–1746. Surks, M.I., H.J. Beckwitt, and C.A. Chidsey 1967 Changes in plasma thyroxine concentration and metabolism, catecholamine excretion and basal oxygen consumption in man during acute exposure to high altitude. J. Clin. Endocrinol. 27:789–799. Sutherland, A. 1764 of the dropsy. Pp. 213–218 in An Attempt to Ascertain and Extend the Virtues of Bath and Bristol Waters, 2d ed. London: Frederich and Leake. Sutton, J.R., G. Viol, G. Gray, M. McFadden, and P. Keane 1977 Renin, aldosterone, electrolyte, and cortisol responses to hypoxic decompression. J. Appl. Physiol. 43:421–424. Sutton, J.R., C.S. Houston, A.L. Mansell, M.D. McFadden, P.M. Hackett, J.R.A. Rigg, and A.C.P. Powles 1979 Effect of acetazolamide on hypoxemia during sleep at high altitude. N. Engl. J. Med. 301:1329–1331. Sutton, J.R., J.T. Reeves, P.D. Wagner, B.M. Groves, A. Cymerman, M.K. Malconian, P.B. Rock, P.M. Young, S.D. Walter, and C.S. Houston 1988 Operation Everest II: Oxygen transport during exercise at extreme simulated altitude. J. Appl. Physiol. 64:1309–1321. Swain, H.L., F.M. Toth, F.C. Consolazio, W.H. Fitzpatrick, D.I. Allen, and C.J. Koehn 1949 Food consumption of soldiers in a subarctic climate. J. Nutr. 38:63–72.

OCR for page 505
--> Swaroop, A., M.S. Patole, R.S. Puranam, and T. Ramasarma 1983 Noradrenaline treatment of rats stimulates H2O2 generation in liver mitochondria. Biochem. J. 214:745–750. Tang, F., T.M. Wong, and T.T. Loh 1988 Effects of cold exposure or TRH on the serum TSH levels in the iron-deficient rat. Horm. Metabol. Res. 20:616–619. Tatsumi, K., B. Hannhart, and L.G. Moore 1995 Influences of sex steroids on ventilation and ventilatory control. Pp. 829–864 in Regulation of Breathing, 2nd ed., J. Dempsey and A. Pack, eds. New York: Marcel Dekker. Taylor, C.R. 1985 Force development during sustained locomotion: A determinant of gait, speed and metabolic power. J. Exp. Biol. 115:253–262. Teitlebaum, A., and R.F. Goldman 1972 Increased energy cost with multiple clothing layers. J. Appl. Physiol. 32:743–744. Terzioglu, M., and R. Aykut 1954 Variations in basal metabolic rate at 1.85 km altitude. J. Appl. Physiol. 7:329–332. Thérien, M., J. LeBlanc, O. Héroux, and L.P. Dugal 1949 Effets de l'acide ascorbique sur plusiers variables biologiques normalement affectées par le froid. Can. J. Res. (sect. E) 27:349–363. Thews, G., E. Mutschler, and P. Vaupel, eds. 1982 Anatomie, Physiologie und Pathophysiologie des Menschen. Stuttgart: Wissenschaftliche Verlags-gesellschaft mbh. Thomas, C.D., C.J. Baker-Fulco, T.E. Jones, N. King, D.A. Jezior, B.N. Fairbrother, K.L. Speckman, and E.W. Askew 1993 Nutritional guidance for military field operations in temperate and extreme environments. Technical Note 93-8. Natick, Mass.: U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine. Thomas, C.D., C.J. Baker-Fulco, T.E. Jones, N. King, D.A. Jezior, B.N. Fairbrother, K.L. Speckman, and E.W. Askew 1993 Nutrition for health and performance: Nutritional guidance for military field operations in temperate and extreme environments. Technical Note 93-3, AD 261 392. Natick, Mass.: U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine. Timmons, B.A., J. Araujo, and T.R. Thomas 1985 Fat utilization enhanced by exercise in a cold environment. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 17:673–678. Tobin, B.W., and J.L. Beard 1990 Interactions of iron deficiency and exercise training relative to tissue norepinephrine turnover, triiodothyronine production and metabolic rate in rats. J. Nutr. 120:900–908. Todd, K., G.E. Butterfield, and D.H. Calloway 1984 Protein utilization in young men under two conditions of energy balance and three levels of work. J. Nutr. 114:2107–2118. Toner, M.M., and W.D. McArdle 1988 Physiological adjustments of man to the cold. Pp. 361–399 in Human Performance Physiology and Environmental Medicine at Terrestrial Extremes, K.B. Pandolf, M.N. Sawka, and R.R. Gonzalez, eds. Indianapolis, Ind.: Benchmark Press. Toner, M.M., M.N. Sawka, and K.B. Pandolf 1984 Thermal responses during arm and leg and combined arm-leg exercise in water. J. Appl. Physiol. 56:1355–1360. Topping, D.L., D.G. Clark, and I.E. Dreosti 1980 Impaired thermoregulation in cold exposed zinc deficient rats: Effect of nicotine. Nutr. Rep. Int. 24:643–648.

OCR for page 505
--> Tuffley, R., D. Rubenstein, J. Slater, and E. Williams 1970 Serum renin activity during exposure to hypoxia. J. Endocrinol. 48:497–510. Tune, G.S. 1964 Psychological effects of hypoxia: Review of certain literature from the period 1950 to 1963. Percept. Mot. Skills 19:551–562. Tureen, L., and R. Simons 1968 Enzyme changes within muscle fibres in genetic and nutritional muscular dystrophy. Proc. Exp. Biol. Med. 129:384–390. Ullmann, E. 1961 Acute anoxia and the excretion of water and electrolytes. J. Physiol. (London) 155:417–437. Ungerstedt, U., C. Forster, M. Herrera-Marschitz, I. Hoffman, U. Jungnelius, U. Tossman, and T. Zetterstrom 1982 Brain dialysis: A new in vivo technique for studying neurotransmitter release and metabolism. Neurosci. Lett. 10(suppl.):S493. USDA (U.S. Department of Agriculture) 1995 Report of the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 1995. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. U.S. Department of the Army 1989 Ration, Cold Weather (RCW). Fact Sheet. Natick, Mass.: Food Engineering Directorate (STRNG-WTP), Natick Research, Development and Engineering Center. 1990 Field Class I Support, Acofs, G-4. Fort Wainwright, Alaska: Sixth Infantry Division (Light). 1990 Army Regulation 30-21. ''The Army Field Feeding System." September 24. Washington, D.C. 1991 The Army Family of Rations. Memorandum. Fort Lee, Va.: Army Center of Excellence and Subsistence, U.S. Army Quartermaster Center and School. 1991 FM 10-23. "The Army Field Feeding System." Fort Monroe, Va.: Training and Doctrine Command. 1993 Cold Weather Feeding Doctrine. Fact Sheet APVR-LG-FS/Acofs, G-4. Fort Wainwright, Alaska: Sixth Infantry Division (Light). 1993 Sixth Infantry Division (Light) Standard Operating Procedures. Cold Weather Field Feeding Procedures, Appendix C. Fort Wainwright, Alaska: Sixth Infantry Division (Light). U.S. Departments of the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force 1985 Army Regulation 40-25/Naval Command Medical Instruction 10110.1/Air Force Regulation 160-95. "Nutrition Allowances, Standards, and Education." May 15. Washington, D.C. Vallerand, A.L. 1993 Effects of ephedrine/xanthines on thermogenesis and cold tolerance. Int. J. Obes. 17(suppl 1):S53–S56. Vallerand, A.L., and I. Jacobs 1989 Influence of cold exposure on plasma triglyceride clearance in humans. Metabolism 39:1211–1218. 1989 Rates of energy substrate utilization during human cold exposure. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 58:873–878. 1990 Influence of cold exposure on plasma triglyceride clearance in humans. Metabolism 39:1211–1218. 1992 Review of pharmacological approach to improve cold tolerance. Pp. 119–123 in DCIEM Report No. 92-10. North York, Ontario: Defence and Civil Institute of Environmental Medicine. 1992 Energy metabolism during cold exposure. Int. J. Sports Med. 13(suppl 1):S191–S193.

OCR for page 505
--> 1993 Interaction of a food supplement, intermittent exercise and cold exposure on heat balance. DCIEM Report No. 93-19. North York, Ontario: Defence and Civil Institute of Environmental Medicine. 1993 High-energy food supplement, energy substrate mobilization and heat balance in cold-exposed humans . DCIEM Report No. 93-36. North York, Ontario: Defence and Civil Institute of Environmental Medicine. Vallerand, A.L., J. Frim, and M.F. Kavanagh 1988 Plasma glucose and insulin responses to oral and intravenous glucose in cold-exposed humans. J. Appl. Physiol. 65:2395–2399. Vallerand, A.L., I. Jacobs, and M.F. Kavanagh 1989 Mechanism of enhanced cold tolerance by an ephedrine-caffeine mixture in humans. J. Appl. Physiol. 67(1):438–444. Vallerand, A.L., I.F. Schmegner, and I. Jacobs 1992 Influence of the Cold Buster™ sports bar on heat debt, mobilization and oxidation of energy substrates. DCIEM Report No. 92-60. North York, Ontario: Defence and Civil Institute of Environmental Medicine. Vallerand, A.L., P. Tikuisis, M.B. Ducharme, and I. Jacobs 1993 Is energy substrate mobilization a limiting factor for cold thermogenesis? Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 67:239–244. van Hardeveld, C. 1986 Effects of thyroid hormones on oxygen consumption, heat production, and energy economy. Pp. 597–608 in Thyroid Hormone Metabolism, G. Hennemann, ed. New York: Marcel Dekker. Van Liere, E.J., and J.C. Stickney 1963 Hypoxia. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Van Reeth, O., D. Hinch, J.M. Tecco, and F.W. Turek 1991 The effects of short periods of immobilization on the hamster circadian clock. Brain Res. 545:208–214. Vaughn, L., ed. 1965 Nutritional Requirements for Survival in the Cold and at Altitude. Proceedings of a Symposium on Arctic Biology and Medicine. Ft. Wainwright, Alaska: Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Veicsteinas, A., G. Ferretti, and D.W. Rennie 1982 Superficial shell insulation in resting and exercising men in cold water. J. Appl. Physiol. 52:1557–1564. Vile, G.F., and C.C. Winterburn 1988 Inhibition of adriamycin-promoted microsomal lipid-peroxidation by β-carotene, alpha-tocopherol and retinol at high and low oxygen partial pressures. FEBS Lett. 238:353–356. Vizek, M., C.K. Pickett, J.V. Weil 1987 Increased carotid body hypoxic sensitivity during acclimatization to hypobaric hypoxia. J. Appl. Physiol. 63:2403–2410. Vogel, J.A., and J.P. Hannon 1966 Cardiovascular and metabolic responses of dogs to exercise at high altitude. J. Appl. Physiol. 21(5):1595–1601. Vogel, J.A., and C.W. Harris 1967 Cardiopulmonary responses of resting man during early exposure to high altitude. J. Appl. Physiol. 22(6):1124–1128. Vogel, J.A., G.W. Bishop, R.L. Genovese, and T.L. Powell 1968 Hematology, blood volume, and oxygen transport of dogs exposed to high altitude. J. Appl. Physiol. 24(2):203–210.

OCR for page 505
--> Volger, E. 1984 Einflüsse der hypoxie auf die erythropoese, sauerstoffbindung des hämoglobins, gerinnung und rheologie des blutes. Pp. 225–240 in Hypoxie, S. Daum, ed. München-Deisenhofen: Dustrie Verlag. Vorhees, L.M., M.J. Stuart, J.A. Stockman, and F.A. Oski 1975 Iron deficiency anemia and increased urinary norepinephrine excretion. Pediatrics 86:542–547. Wada L., and J.C. King 1986 Effect of low zinc on basal metabolic rate, thyroid hormones, and protein utilization. J. Nutr. 116:1045–1053. Wagner, A., N. Fortier, A. Giroux, J. Lukes, and L.M. Snyder 1979 Catecholamines in adult iron deficiency patients. Experientia 35:681–682. Wagner, J.A., and S.M. Horvath 1985 Influences of age and gender on human thermoregulatory responses to cold exposures. J. Appl. Physiol. 58:180–186. Wagner, P.D., G.E. Gale, R.E. Moon, J.R. Torre-Bueno, B.W. Stolp, and H.A. Saltzman 1986 Pulmonary gas exchange in humans exercising at sea level and simulated altitude. J. Appl. Physiol. 61:260–270. Wagner, P.D., J.R. Sutton, J.T. Reeves, A. Cymerman, B.M. Groves, and M.K. Malconian 1987 Operation Everest II: Pulmonary gas exchange during a simulated ascent of Mt. Everest. J. Appl. Physiol. 63:2348–2359. Wallenberg, L.R., and P.O. Granberg 1976 Is cold-diuresis a pressure diuresis? Pp. 49–55 in Circumpolar Health, Proceedings of Third International Symposium, R.J. Shephard and S. Itah, eds. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Wang, L.C.H. 1978 Factors limiting maximum cold-induced heat production. Life Sci. 23:2089–2098. 1981 Effects of feeding on aminophylline induced supra-maximal thermogenesis. Life Sci. 29:2459–2466. Wang, L.C.H., and E.C. Anholt 1982 Elicitation of supramaximal thermogenesis by aminophylline in the rat. J. Appl. Physiol. 53:16–20. Wang, L.C.H., and T.F. Lee 1990 Enhancement of maximal thermogenesis by reducing endogenous adenosine activity in the rat. J. Appl. Physiol. 68:580–585. Wang, L.C.H., S.F.P. Man, and A.N. Belcastro 1986 Improving cold tolerance in men: Effects of substrates and aminophylline. Pp. 22–26 in Homeostasis and Thermal Stress, K. Cooper, P. Lomax, E. Schonbaum, and J. Veale, eds. Basel, Switzerland: Karger. 1987 Metabolic and hormonal responses in theophylline-increased cold resistance in males. J. Appl. Physiol. 63:589–596. Wang, L.C.H., S.F.P. Man, A.N. Belcastro, and J.C. Westly 1989 Single, optimal oral dosage of theophylline for improving cold resistance in man. Pp. 54–58 in Thermoregulation: Research and Clinical Applications, P. Lomax and E. Schonbaum, eds. Basel, Switzerland: Karger. Ward, M.P., J.S. Milledge, and J.B. West 1989 Hematological changes and plasma volume. Pp. 161–177 in High Altitude Medicine and Physiology. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. 1989 High Altitude and Medicine, p. 26. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. Quoting A. Wylie, Notes on the Western regions, translated from the 'Tseen Han Shoo Book 96, Part 1, Volume 10, J.R. Anthropology Institute (1881):20–73. 1989 Nutrition and intestinal function. Pp. 283–292 in High Altitude Medicine and Physiology. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

OCR for page 505
--> Webb, P. 1986 24–hour energy expenditure and the menstrual cycle. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 44:614–619. Webb, T.E., C.E. Krill, F.A. Oski, and K.C. Tsou 1982 Relationship of iron status to urinary excretion in children 7–12 years of age. J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr. 1:207–209. Weil, J.V. 1985 Sleep at high altitude. Clin. Chest Med. 6:615–621. 1986 Ventilatory control at high altitude. Pp. 703–727 in Handbook of Physiology. The Respiratory System II, Control of Breathing, Part II, N.S. Cherniack and J.G. Widdicombe, eds. Bethesda, Md.: American Physiological Society. Weil, J.V., E. Byrne-Quinn, I.E. Sodal, W.O. Friesen, B. Underhill, and G.F. Filley 1970 Hypoxic ventilatory drive in normal man. J. Clin. Invest. 49:1061–1072. Weis, S.J., and S. Regiani 1984 Neutrophils degrade subendothelial matrices in the presence of alpha-1-proteinase inhibitor. Cooperative use of lysosomal proteinases and oxygen metabolites. J. Clin. Invest. 73:1297–1303. Weiser, O.L., N.J. Peoples, A.H. Tull, and W.C. Morse 1969 Effect of altitude on the microbiota of man. Fed. Proc. 28(3):1107–1109. Welch, B.E., E.R. Buskirk, and P.F. Iampetro 1958 Relation of climate and temperature to food and water intake in man. Metabolism 7:141–146. West, J.B. 1984 Introduction: American Medical Research Expedition to Everest. Pp. 1–3 in High Altitude and Man. J.B. West and S. Lahiri, eds. Bethesda, Md.: American Physiological Society. West, J.B., S. Lahiri, M.B. Gill, J.S. Milledge, L.G. Pugh, and M.P. Ward 1962 Arterial oxygen saturation during exercise at high altitude. J. Appl. Physiol. 17:617–621. West, J.B., S.J. Boyer, D.J. Graber, P.H. Hackett, K.H. Maret, J.S. Milledge, R.M. Peters, Jr., C.J. Pizzo, M. Samaja, F.H. Sarnquist, R.B. Schoene, and R.M. Winslow 1983 Maximal exercise at extreme altitudes on Mount Everest. J. Appl. Physiol. 55:688–698. Westerterp, K.R., W.H.M. Saris, M. Van Es, and F. ten Hoor 1986 Use of the doubly labeled water technique in humans during sustained heavy exercise . J. Appl. Physiol. 61:2162–2167. Westerterp, K.R., F. Brouns, W.H.M. Saris, and F. Ten Hoor 1988 Comparison of doubly labeled water with respirometry at lowand high-activity levels. J. Appl. Physiol. 65:53–56. Westerterp, K.R., B. Kayser, F. Brouns, J. Herry, and W. Saris 1992 Energy expenditure climbing Mt. Everest. J. Appl. Physiol. 73:1815–1819. White, D.P., K. Gleeson, C.K. Pickett, A.M. Rannels, A. Cymerman, and J.V. Weil 1987 Altitude acclimatization: Influence on periodic breathing and chemoresponsiveness during sleep. J. Appl. Physiol. 63:401–412. Whitten, B.K., and A.H. Janoski 1969 Effects of high altitude and diet on lipid components of human serum. Fed. Proc. 28:983–984. Wilkins, H. 1954 Food problems in exploring the Arctic. Pp. 102–107 in Nutrition under Climatic Stress, H. Spector and M.S. Peterson, eds. A report of the Committee on Foods, Advisory Board on Quartermasters Research and Development . Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council.

OCR for page 505
--> Williams, M.H. 1989 Vitamin supplementation and athletic performance. Pp. 163–191 in Elevated Dosages of Vitamins: Benefits and Hazards, P. Walter, G.B. Brubacher, and H.B. Stähelin, eds. Lewiston, N.Y.: Hans Huber Publishers. Wilson, O. 1960 Changes in body-weight of men in the Antarctic. Br. J. Nutr. 14:391–402. Winslow, R.M. 1984 High-altitude polycythemia. Pp. 163–172 in High Altitude and Man, J.B. West and S. Lahiri, eds. Bethesda, Md.: American Physiological Society. Winslow, R.M., and C. Monge 1987 Hypoxia, Polycythemia, and Chronic Mountain Sickness. Baltimore, Md.: The Johns Hopkins University Press. Winslow, R.N., M. Samaja, and J.B. West 1984 Red cell function at extreme altitude on Mt. Everest. J. Appl. Physiol. 56:109–116. Winslow, R.M., C. Monge, E.G. Brown, H.G. Kline, F. Sarnquist, and N.J. Winslow 1985 The effect of hemodilution on O2 transport in high altitude polycythemia. J. Appl. Physiol. 59:1495–1502. Wit, A., and S.C. Wang 1968 Temperature sensitive neurons in preoptic/anterior hypothalamic region: Effects of increasing ambient temperature. Am. J. Physiol. 215:1151–1159. Withey, W., J. Milledge, E. Williams, B. Minty, E. Bryson, N. Luff, M. Older, and J. Beeley 1983 Fluid and electrolyte homeostasis during prolonged exercise at altitude. J. Appl. Physiol. 55:409–412. Wood, S.C. 1991 Interactions between hypoxia and hypothermia. Ann. Rev. Physiol. 53:71–85. Worme, J.D., J.A. Lickteig, R.D. Reynolds, and P.A. Deuster 1991 Consumption of a dehydrated ration for 31 days at moderate altitudes: Energy intakes and physical performance. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 91:1543–1549. Worme, J.D., P.B. Moser-Veillon, L.W. Douglass, and P.A. Deuster 1992 Iron status on a high iron diet during exposure to moderate altitude. J. Wilderness Med. 3:18–26. Wurtman, R.J., and H.R. Lieberman 1989 Use of tyrosine and other nutrients to protect against stress and to enhance and sustain performance. Pp. 67–77 in Stress: Neurochemical and Humoral Mechanisms, vol. 1, G.R. Van Loon, R. Kvetnansky, R. McCarty, and J. Axelrod, eds. New York: Gordon and Breach. Wurtman, R.J., F. Hefti, and E. Melamed 1981 Precursor control of neurotransmitter synthesis. Pharmacol. Rev. 32:315–335. Wyant, K.W., and P.L. Caron 1983 Water discipline and an arctic ration prototype. Milit. Med. 148:435–439. Wyon, D.P., R. Kok, M.I. Lewis, and G.B. Meese 1982 Effects of moderate cold and heat stress on factory workers in Southern Africa. S. Afr. J. Sci. 78:184–189. Youdim, M.B.H., and S. Yehuda 1985 Iron deficiency induces reversal of dopamine dependent circadian cycles: Differential response to d-amphetamine and TRH. Peptides 6:851–855. Youdim, M.B.H., D. Ben-Shachar, and S. Yehuda 1989 Putative biological mechanisms of the effect of iron deficiency on brain biochemistry and behavior. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 50:607–617. Young, A.J. 1988 Human adaptation to cold. Pp. 401–434 in Human Performance Physiology and Environmental Medicine at Terrestrial Extremes, K.B. Pandolf, M.N. Sawka, and R.R. Gonzalez, eds. Indianapolis, Ind.: Benchmark Press.

OCR for page 505
--> 1990 Energy substrate utilization during exercise in extreme environments. Exerc. Sports Sci. Rev. 18:65–117. 1991 Effects of aging on human cold tolerance. Exp. Aging Res. 17:205–213. Young, A.J., and P.M. Young 1988 Human acclimatization to high terrestrial altitude. Pp. 467–495 in Human Performance Physiology and Environmental Medicine at Terrestrial Extremes, K.B. Pandolf, M.N. Sawka, and R.R. Gonzalez, eds. Indianapolis, Ind.: Benchmark Press. Young, A.J., W.J. Evans, A. Cymerman, K.B. Pandolf, J.J. Knapik, and J.T. Maher 1982 Sparing effect of chronic high-altitude exposure on muscle glycogen utilization. J. Appl. Physiol. 52:857–862. Young, A.J., S.R. Muza, M.N. Sawka, R.R. Gonzalez, and K.B. Pandolf 1986 Human thermoregulatory responses to cold air are altered by repeated cold water immersion. J. Appl. Physiol. 60:1542–1548. Young, A.J., S.R. Muza, M.N. Sawka, and K.B. Pandolf 1987 Human vascular fluid responses to cold stress are not altered by cold acclimatization. Undersea Biomed. Res. 14:215–228. Young, A.J., M.N. Sawka, P.D. Neufer, S.R. Muza, E.W. Askew, and K.B. Pandolf 1989 Thermoregulation during cold water immersion is unimpaired by low muscle glycogen levels. J. Appl. Physiol. 66:1809–1816. Young, A.J., D.E. Roberts, D.P. Scott, J.E. Cook, M.Z. Mays, and E.W. Askew 1992 Sustaining health and performance in the cold: A pocket guide to environmental medicine aspects of cold-weather operations. Technical Note 93-2. Natick, Mass.: U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine. Young, A.J., M.N. Sawka, L. Levine, P.W. Burgoon, W.A. Latzka, R.R. Gonzalez, and K.B. Pandolf 1995 Metabolic and thermal adaptations form endurance training in hot or cold water. J. Appl. Physiol. 78:793–901. Young, P.M., P.B. Rock, and C.S. Fulco 1987 Altitude acclimatization attenuates plasma ammonia accumulation during submaximal exercise. J. Appl. Physiol. 63:758–764. Young P.M., M.S. Rose, J.R. Sutton, H.J. Green, A. Cymerman, and C.S. Houston 1989 Operation Everest II: Plasma lipid and hormonal responses during a simulated ascent of Mt. Everest. J. Appl. Physiol. 66:1430–1435.1

OCR for page 505
This page in the original is blank.