Appendix B
List of Acronyms and Abbreviations


AAS

African Academy of Sciences, Nairobi, Kenya

AAAS

American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, D.C.

AHILA

Association for Health Information and Libraries in Africa

AIM

African Index Medicus

APC

Association for Progressive Communications, United Kingdom

ARCT

African Regional Centre for Technology, Dakar, Senegal


BBS

Bulletin Board System

BITE

Bringing Internet To Ethiopia

BOSTID

Board on Science and Technology for International Development, National Research Council, Washington, D.C.


CABECA

Capacity Building for Electronic Communication in Africa


DTP

Desktop Publishing


EAIA

East Africa Internet Association

ELCI

Environmental Liaison Centre International, Nairobi, Kenya

ENDA

Environment and Development Action in the Third World

ESANET

Eastern and Southern Africa Networking Project

ESAP

Economic Structural Adjustment Program


FRD

Foundation for Research and Development, South Africa

FTP

File Transfer Protocol


GII

Global Information Infrastructure

GnFido

GreenNet/Fidonet hub


ICT

Information and Communication Technology

IDRC

International Development Research Centre, Ottawa, Canada



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--> Appendix B List of Acronyms and Abbreviations AAS African Academy of Sciences, Nairobi, Kenya AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, D.C. AHILA Association for Health Information and Libraries in Africa AIM African Index Medicus APC Association for Progressive Communications, United Kingdom ARCT African Regional Centre for Technology, Dakar, Senegal BBS Bulletin Board System BITE Bringing Internet To Ethiopia BOSTID Board on Science and Technology for International Development, National Research Council, Washington, D.C. CABECA Capacity Building for Electronic Communication in Africa DTP Desktop Publishing EAIA East Africa Internet Association ELCI Environmental Liaison Centre International, Nairobi, Kenya ENDA Environment and Development Action in the Third World ESANET Eastern and Southern Africa Networking Project ESAP Economic Structural Adjustment Program FRD Foundation for Research and Development, South Africa FTP File Transfer Protocol GII Global Information Infrastructure GnFido GreenNet/Fidonet hub ICT Information and Communication Technology IDRC International Development Research Centre, Ottawa, Canada

OCR for page 283
--> IFS International Foundation for Science, Sweden IGC Institute for Global Communications, United States IIP Intergovernmental Informatics Programme (UNESCO) ILL Inter-library Loan ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network LAN Local Area Network LEO Low-earth Orbiting Satellite MG Megabyte MHz Megahertz MIS Management Information System OCR Optical Character Recognition OIA Office of International Affairs, National Research Council, Washington, D.C. NGO Non-Governmental Organization NMR Nuclear Magnetic Resonance NRC National Research Council, Washington, D.C. PABX Private Area Branch Exchange (switchboard) PADIS Pan African Development Information System, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia PGI General Information Programme (UNESCO) PPP Point-to-Point Protocol Connection PVO Private-Voluntary Organization RAM Random-access Memory SANGONET Southern Africa Non-Governmental Network SAREC Swedish Agency for Research Co-operation with Developing Countries SDI Selective Dissemination of Information SLIP Serial Line Internet Protocol STI Scientific and Technological Information TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol TDR Tropical Disease Research THF The Health Foundation TIFF Tagged Image File Format; also .TIF TWAS Third World Academy of Science, Trieste, Italy UNECA United Nations Economic Commission for Africa USIA United States Information Agency VSAT Very Small Aperture Terminal WAIS Wide Area Information Server WHO World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland WWW Worldwide Web