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REFERENCES 237 References Aaron, D.L., "After the GATT, U.S. Pushes Direct Investment," The Wall Street Journal, 2 February 1995. Aghion, P., and P. Howitt, "A Model of Growth through Creative Destruc- tion," Econometrica, vol. 60 (1992), pp. 323-351. Baldwin, R., "The Economics of Technological Progress and Endogenous Growth in Open Economies," in G. Koopmann and H.-E. Scharrer feds.), The Economics of High-Technology Competition and Cooperation In Global Markets. Baden-Baden, 1996, p. 63-75. Baldwin, R., and H. Flam, "Strategic Trade Policies in the Market for 30-40 Seat Commuter Aircraft," Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv/Review of World Economics, vol. 125 (1989), pp. 484-500. Baldwin, R., and P.R. Krugman, "Industrial Policy and International Com- petition in Wide-Bodied Jet Aircraft," in R. Baldwin (ed.), Trade Policy Issues and Empirical Analysis. Chicago, 1988. Beekmann, H., "The 1994 Revised Commercial Policy Instrument of the European Union," World Competition, vol. 19 (1995) no 1., pp. 53-75. Bletschacher, G., and H. Klodt, Strategische Handels-und Industriepolitik. Kieler Studien No. 244. Tubingen, 1992. Brander, J.A., and B.J. Spencer, "Export Subsidies and International Market Share Rivalry," Journal of International Economics, vol. 16 (1985), pp. 83-100. Brander, J.A., and B.J. Spencer, "International R&D Rivalry and Industrial Strategy," Review of Economic Studies, vol. 50 (1983), pp. 707-722 Bresnahan, T.F., and M. Trajtenberg, General Purpose Technologies: "En- gines of Growth" ? NBER Working Paper No. 4148, National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, Mass., August 1992. Caballero, R.J., and R.K. Lyons, "The Case for External Effects," in A.Cukierman, (ed.), Political Economy, Growth, and Business Cycles. Cambridge, Mass., 1992, pp. 117-139. Coe, D.T., and E. Helpman, International R&D Spillovers. NBER Working Paper No. 4444. National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, Mass., August 1993. Coe, D.T., E. Helpman, and A.W. Hoffmaister, North-South R&D Spillovers. CEPR Discussion Paper No. 1133. Centre for Economic Policy Re- search, London, February 1995. Cohen, S., and P.H. Chin, Tipping the Balance: Trade Conflicts and the Necessity of Managed Competition in Strategic Industries. Paper pre- sented at the conference "Towards a New Global Framework for High- Technology Competition," Kiel, Germany, 30-31 August 1995. Cordon, M., Trade Policy and Economic Welfare. Oxford, 1974. Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Register of United States Barriers to Trade, 1994. Ottawa, 1994.

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238 CONFLICT AND COOPERATION Dhar, B., "The Decline of Free Trade and U.S. Trade Policy Today," Jour- nal of World Trade, vol. 26 (1992) no. 6, pp. 133-154, based on: Com- mission of the European Communities, Report on United States Trade Barriers and Unfair Trade Practices, Brussels, 1991. Dixit, A.K., and A.S. Kyle, "The Use of Protection and Subsidies for Entry Promotion and Deterrence," American Economic Review, vol. 75 (1985), pp. 139-152. Economist, Uncle Sam's Helping, Hand," pp. 91-93, 2 April 1994. Economist, "Scrempp Cocktail," p. 70, 20 May 1995. Economist, "Thoroughly Modern Monopoly," p. 92, 8 July 1995. Economist, "A Tale of Two Conglomerates," p. 20, is November 1995. Economist, "Dismantling Daimler," pp.79-80, 18 November 1995. Fikentscher, W., "Competition Rules for Private Agents in the GATT/WTO System," AuJ3enwirtschaft, vol. 49, no. 2/3, 1994, pp. 281-325. Financial Times, "Attack on Anti-Dumping Law Sparks OECK Row" (G. de Jonquieres), 21 September 1995. Financial Times, "Pressure Grows for EU to Overhaul Dumping Policy" (G. de Jonquieres and E. Tucker), 19 October 1995. Financial Times, "KU Split over Dumping Duties on Japanese Copiers" (E. Tucker), 15 September 1995. Finger, J. Michael, Legalized Backsliding: Safeguard Provisions in the GAIT. [Mimeo.] Washington, D.C., 26-27 January 1995. GATT, News of the Uruguay Round, April 1994. Glaeser, E.L., H.D. Kallal, A. Scheinkman, and A. Shleifer, `'Growth in Cities," Journal of Political Economy, vol. 100 (1992), pp. 1126-1152. Graham, E.M., "Investment and the New Multilateral Trade Context," in OECD, Market Access After the Uruguay Round: Investment, Competi- tion and Technology Perspectives. Paris, 1996, pp. 35-62. Griliches, Z., "The Search for R&D Spillovers," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, vol. 94 (1992), Supplement, pp. 24~7. Grossman, G.M., "Promoting New Industrial Activities: A Survey of Re- cent Arguments and Evidence," OECD Economic Studies, vol. 14 (1990), pp. 87-125. Grossman, G.M., and E. Helpman, Innovation and Growth in the Global Economy. Cambridge, Mass., 1991. Hagedoorn, J., "The Economics of Cooperation Among High-Tech Firms- Trends and Patterns in Strategic Technology Partnering since the Early Seventies," in G. Koopmann, and H.-E. Scharrer (eds.), The Economics of High-Technology Competition and Cooperation in Global Markets. Baden-Baden, 1996. Pp.173-198. Hay, D.A., The Economic and Trade Effects of Anti-Competitive Practices in a Globaliszng World Economy. [Mimeo] OECD, Paris, 26 April 1995.

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REFERENCES 239 Helpman, E., and M. Trajtenberg, A Time to Sow and a Time to Reap: Growth Based on General Purpose Technologies. NBER Working, Pa- per No. 4854. National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, Mass., September 1994. Hindley, B., "Two Cheers for the Uruguay Round," in Trade Policy Review 1994. London, September 1994. Hoekman, B.M., and P.C. Mavroidis, "Competition, Competition Policy and the GATT," The World Economy, vol. 17 (1994) pp. 121-150. Hoekman, B.M., and P.C. Mavroidis, The WTO's Agreement on Goverrz- ment Procurement: Expanding Disciplines, Declining Membership? Discussion Paper 1 1 12. CEPR, London, 1995. Hoekman, B.M., and P.C. Mavroidis, International Antitrust Policies for High-Tech Industries? Paper presented at the conference "Towards a New Global Framework for High-Technology Competition," Kiel, Ger- many, 30-3 1 August 1995. Pp. 1 Of. Hoekman, B.M., and P.C. Mavroidis, Antitrust-Based Remedies and Dump- ing in International Trade. Policy Research Working Paper 1347. The World Bank, Washington, D.C., August 1994 Irwin, D. A., Trade Politics and the Semiconductor Industry. NBER Work- ing Paper No. 4745. National Bureau of Economic Research, Cam- bridge, Mass., May 1994. Irwin, D.A., and P.J. Klenow (1994a), "Learning-by-Doing Spillovers in the Semiconductor Industry," Journal of Political Economy, vol. 102 (1994), pp. 1200-1227. Irwin, D.A., and P.J. Klenow (1994b), High Tech R&D Subsidies: Estimat- ing the Effects of SEMA TECH. NBER Workin:, Paper No. 4974. Na- tional Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, Mass., December 1994. Jaffe, A.B., M. Trajtenberg, and R. Henderson, "Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citations," Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol. 108 (1993), pp. 577-598. Jungnickel, R., and G. Koopmann, "Globalization of Business Implica- tions for International Competition and Related Policies," in E. Kantzenbach, H.-E. Scharrer, and L. Waverman (eds.), Competition Policy in an In- terdependent World Economy. Hamburg, 1993. Pp. 33-50. Kantzenbach, E., H.-E. Scharrer, L. Waverman (ells.), Competition Policy in an Interdependent World Economy. Hamburg, 1993. Kleinfeld, G., "Taxation of Automobiles and GATT National Treatment Obligations: Where to Draw the Line?" World Competition, vol. 19 (1995) no. 1, pp. 77-90. Klepper, G., "Entry into the Market for Large Transport Aircraft," Euro- pean Economic Review, vol. 34 (1990), pp. 775-803. Klepper, G., "Industrial Policy in the Transport Aircraft Industry," in P. Krugman and A. Smith (eds.), Empirical Studies of Strategic Trade Policy. Chicago and London, 1994. Pp. 101-126.

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240 CONFLICT AND COOPERATION Klodt, H., et al., Forschungspolitik unter EG-Kontrolle. Kieler Studien No. 220. Tubingen, 1988. Klodt, H., J. Stehn et al., StruLturpolitik der KG. Kieler Studien No. 249. Tubin~en, 1992. Klodt, H., Wettlauf um die ZuLunft. Kieler Studien No. 206. Tub~ngen, 1988. Klodt, H., "Internationale Regeln fur den Wettbewerb," Wirtschaftsdiens~, October 1995. Koopmann, G., and H.-E. Scharrer (eds.), The Economics of High-Technol- ogy Competition and Cooperation in Global Markets. Baden-Baden, 1996. Krugman, P., and M. Obstfeldt, International Economics: Theory and Policy, 3rd edition. New York, 1994. Laffont, J.-J., and J. Tirole, "Auction Design and Favoritism," International Journal of Industrial Organization, vol. 9, 1991, no. 1, pp. 9~2. Lawrence, R.Z., "Towards Globally Contestable Markets," in OECD, Mar- ketAccess after the Uruguay Round: Invesonent, Competition and Technology Perspectives. Paris, 1996. Pp. 25-33. Lloyd, P., aIld G. Sampson, "Competition and Trade Policy: Identifying the Issues after the Uruguay Round, The World Economy, vol. 18, no. 5, September 1995. Maitland, I., "Who Won.the Industrial Policy Debate?" Business & the Contemporary World, 1, 1995, pp. 83-95. Messerlin, P.A., "Agreement on Public Procurement," in OECD, The New World Trading System: Reading, OECD Documents, Paris, 1994. Pp. 65-71. Messerlin, P.A., Reforming the Rules of Antidumping Policies. Paper pre- sented at the conference '`Towards a New Global Framework for High- Technology Competition," Kiel, Germany, 30-31 August 1995. Messerlin, P.A., and Y. Noguchi, Antidumping Policies and International Trade of Electronic Products, [Mimeo.] OECD, Par~s, 30 August 1995. Nicolas, F., and J. Repussard, Common Standards for Enterprises. Luxem- bourg, 1988. OECD, Trade and Competition Policies: Comparing Object~ves and Meth- ods. Trade Policy Issues, no. 4. Paris, 1994. OECD, Competition Policy and Ar~tidumping, Summary and Conclusions. tMimeo] Paris, October 1995. Office of Technology Assessment, Global Standards: Building Blocks for the Future. U.S. Congress, Washington, D.C., 1992. Ostry, S., "Technology Issues in the International Trading System," in OECD, Market Access after the Uruguay Round: Investment, Competition and Technology Perspectives. Paris, 1996. Pp. 145-170.

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240 CONFLICT AND COOPERATION Klodt, H., et al., Forschungspolitik unter EG-Kontrolle. Kieler Studien No. 220. Tubingen, 1988. Klodt, H., J. Stehn et al., StruLturpolitik der KG. Kieler Studien No. 249. Tubin~en, 1992. Klodt, H., Wettlauf um die ZuLunft. Kieler Studien No. 206. Tub~ngen, 1988. Klodt, H., "Internationale Regeln fur den Wettbewerb," Wirtschaftsdiens~, October 1995. Koopmann, G., and H.-E. Scharrer (eds.), The Economics of High-Technol- ogy Competition and Cooperation in Global Markets. Baden-Baden, 1996. Krugman, P., and M. Obstfeldt, International Economics: Theory and Policy, 3rd edition. New York, 1994. Laffont, J.-J., and J. Tirole, "Auction Design and Favoritism," International Journal of Industrial Organization, vol. 9, 1991, no. 1, pp. 9~2. Lawrence, R.Z., "Towards Globally Contestable Markets," in OECD, Mar- ketAccess after the Uruguay Round: Invesonent, Competition and Technology Perspectives. Paris, 1996. Pp. 25-33. Lloyd, P., aIld G. Sampson, "Competition and Trade Policy: Identifying the Issues after the Uruguay Round, The World Economy, vol. 18, no. 5, September 1995. Maitland, I., "Who Won.the Industrial Policy Debate?" Business & the Contemporary World, 1, 1995, pp. 83-95. Messerlin, P.A., "Agreement on Public Procurement," in OECD, The New World Trading System: Reading, OECD Documents, Paris, 1994. Pp. 65-71. Messerlin, P.A., Reforming the Rules of Antidumping Policies. Paper pre- sented at the conference '`Towards a New Global Framework for High- Technology Competition," Kiel, Germany, 30-31 August 1995. Messerlin, P.A., and Y. Noguchi, Antidumping Policies and International Trade of Electronic Products, [Mimeo.] OECD, Par~s, 30 August 1995. Nicolas, F., and J. Repussard, Common Standards for Enterprises. Luxem- bourg, 1988. OECD, Trade and Competition Policies: Comparing Object~ves and Meth- ods. Trade Policy Issues, no. 4. Paris, 1994. OECD, Competition Policy and Ar~tidumping, Summary and Conclusions. tMimeo] Paris, October 1995. Office of Technology Assessment, Global Standards: Building Blocks for the Future. U.S. Congress, Washington, D.C., 1992. Ostry, S., "Technology Issues in the International Trading System," in OECD, Market Access after the Uruguay Round: Investment, Competition and Technology Perspectives. Paris, 1996. Pp. 145-170.

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