Page 478

of subject matter knowledge, 120-122, 129-131

to test eligibility for federal assistance, 118

of very young second-language learners, 123, 191-192

Assisted performance assessment, 122, 124

Attitude factor, 3, 39

cultural differences in, 92-93, 99-100

using high-interest reading materials, 59

B

Basal reading series, 59

Bilingual education

controversy over, 2, 23-24, 148-149, 191

history of, 363-373

immersion, 154-155

maintenance, 20, 24n

transitional, 19-20, 139, 369

two-way, 20, 42, 94, 155-156

Bilingual Education Act, 2, 16, 286, 367, 372

Bilingualism, 30-33. See also Second-language learning

additive versus subtractive, 31

simultaneous versus sequential, 31-32

Bilingual students, 3, 15-16

metacognitive capabilities of, 68-69, 75

Bilingual Syntax Measure, 43

Bureau of the Census, 289, 294

C

California Case Studies, 148, 154, 165, 170-171n, 187, 189, 196

California Cross-Cultural, Language and Academic Development (CLAD) program, 263-266

Carnegie Corporation of New York, 402, 456-458

Case Studies in Bilingual Education, 165

CCSSO. See Council of Chief State School Officers

Center for Applied Linguistics, 253, 316

Center for Language Education and Research (CLEAR), 318, 384-385, 443-444

Center for Research on Education, Diversity, and Excellence (CREDE), 316, 386

Center for Research on the Education of Students Placed at Risk (CRESPAR), 256-259, 268, 316, 318, 386-387, 440

Center on Families, Communities, Schools and Children's Learning, 440

Certificating graduation, 114

Charles Steward Mott Foundation, 454

Child Language Data Exchange System, 44

CIRC. See Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition

Civil Rights movement, 14

CLAD. See California Cross-Cultural, Language and Academic Development (CLAD) program

Classroom effectiveness. See Effective practices

CLEAR. See Center for Language Education and Research

Cognitive analysis, 2, 63-64. See also Content area learning; Literacy development

Collaboration, 10, 157, 324-325, 330, 353. See also Effective practices

Community influence on learning. See Public opinion, influence of

Compendia, 315

Comprehensive Child Development Program, 394

Comprehensive Test of Basic Skills (CTBS), 22

Congress as a constituency, 7-8, 350

Constitutionality of English as U.S. official language, 14

Constructivist approach to learning, 86



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