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References American Association for the Advancement of Science. 1990a. The Liberal Art of Science. Washington, D.C.: American Association for the Advancement of Science. American Association for the Advancement of Science. 1990b. Science for All Americans. New York: Oxford University Press. American Association for the Advancement of Science. 1993. Benchmarks for Science Literacy. New York: Oxford University Press. American Psychological Association. 1992. Learner-Centered Psychological Principles: Guidelines for School Redesign and Reform. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. Anderson, C., and K. Roth. 1992. Teaching for meaningful and self-regulated learning of science. In Advances in Research on Teaching, Vol. 1., J. Brophy, ed. Greenwich, Conn.: JAI. Angelo, T. A., and K. P. Cross. 1993. Classroom Assessment Techniques: a Handbook for College Teachers, 2nd ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Arons, A. B. 1983. Achieving wider scientific literacy. Daedalus Spring: 91-122. Arons, A. B. 1990. A Guide to Introductory Physics Teaching. New York: John Wiley and Sons. Astin, A. W., W. S. Korn, and E. R. Riggs. 1993. The American Freshman: National Norms for Fall 1993. Los Angeles: Higher Education Research Institute, UCLA. Bailar, J. C. 1993. First-year college chemistry textbooks. J. Chem. Educ. 70:695-698. Basili, P. A., and P. J. Sanford. 1991. Conceptual change strategies and cooperative group work in chemistry. J. Res. Sci. Teaching 28(4):293-304. Baxter-Hastings, N. 1995. Workshop Mathematics: Gateway Courses, access via WWW:http://aug3.augsburg.edu/pkal/aboutpkal.html Benson, D. L., M. C. Wittrock, and M. E. Baur. 1993. Students' preconceptions on the nature of gases. J. Res. Sci. Teaching 30:587-597. Berry, D. A. 1987. A Potpourri of Physics Teaching Ideas. College Park, Md. : American Association of Physics Teachers. Birk, J. P., and J. Foster. 1993. The importance of lecture in general chemistry course performance. J. Chem. Educ. 70:180-182.

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