References

ACR (American College of Radiology). Standards for Teleradiology. Reston, Va.: ACR, 1994.

ACR/NEMA (American College of Radiology/National Electrical Manufacturers Association). Meeting of ACR/NEMA Working Group X, Washington, D.C., September 10, 1995.

Alemi, F., and Stephens, R. "Computer Services for Patients: Description of Services and Summary of Findings." Medical Care (Supp):in press, 1996.

Alemi, F., and Higley, P. Reaction to "Talking" Computers Assessing Health Risks. Medical Care 33(3):227-233, 1995.

Alemi, F., Stephens, R., Parran, T., et al. Automated Monitoring of Outcomes. Medical Decision Making 14(2):180-187, 1994.

Allen, A. In the Beginning (Part II): Telemedicine and Teleradiology. Telemedicine Today 2(3):6-7, 1994.

Allen, A. Prison Telemedicine in Colorado. Telemedicine Today 3(4):26-27, 1995a.

Allen, A. UTMB-Galveston: In a League of Its Own. Telemedicine Today 3(2):15-16, 1995b.

Allen, A. Teleradiology I: Introduction. Telemedicine Today 4(1):24, 1996.

Allen, A., and Allen, D. Telemental Health Services Today. Telemedicine Today 2(1):12-24, 1994a.

Allen, A., and Allen, D. Teleradiology 1994. Telemedicine Today 2(3):14-23, 1994b.

Allen, A., and Perednia, D. Telemedicine and the Health Care Executive. Telemedicine Today Winter 1996 (special issue), pp. 4-9, 22-23, 34. Reprinted from ComNets 2(9):59-64, 1996.

Altman, D.G., and Goodman, S.N. Transfer of Technology from Statistical Journals to the Biomedical Literature, Past Trends and Future Predictions. Journal of the American Medical Association 272(2):129-132, 1994.

AMA (American Medical Association). Legal Implications of Practice Parameters. Chicago: AMA, 1990.

AMA. Physicians' Current Procedural Terminology. Chicago: AMA, 1993.

AMA. Protecting the Confidentiality of Patient Information: Critical Safeguards Needed for the Electronic Transmission of Health Data . Chicago: AMA, 1995.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 209
--> References ACR (American College of Radiology). Standards for Teleradiology. Reston, Va.: ACR, 1994. ACR/NEMA (American College of Radiology/National Electrical Manufacturers Association). Meeting of ACR/NEMA Working Group X, Washington, D.C., September 10, 1995. Alemi, F., and Stephens, R. "Computer Services for Patients: Description of Services and Summary of Findings." Medical Care (Supp):in press, 1996. Alemi, F., and Higley, P. Reaction to "Talking" Computers Assessing Health Risks. Medical Care 33(3):227-233, 1995. Alemi, F., Stephens, R., Parran, T., et al. Automated Monitoring of Outcomes. Medical Decision Making 14(2):180-187, 1994. Allen, A. In the Beginning (Part II): Telemedicine and Teleradiology. Telemedicine Today 2(3):6-7, 1994. Allen, A. Prison Telemedicine in Colorado. Telemedicine Today 3(4):26-27, 1995a. Allen, A. UTMB-Galveston: In a League of Its Own. Telemedicine Today 3(2):15-16, 1995b. Allen, A. Teleradiology I: Introduction. Telemedicine Today 4(1):24, 1996. Allen, A., and Allen, D. Telemental Health Services Today. Telemedicine Today 2(1):12-24, 1994a. Allen, A., and Allen, D. Teleradiology 1994. Telemedicine Today 2(3):14-23, 1994b. Allen, A., and Perednia, D. Telemedicine and the Health Care Executive. Telemedicine Today Winter 1996 (special issue), pp. 4-9, 22-23, 34. Reprinted from ComNets 2(9):59-64, 1996. Altman, D.G., and Goodman, S.N. Transfer of Technology from Statistical Journals to the Biomedical Literature, Past Trends and Future Predictions. Journal of the American Medical Association 272(2):129-132, 1994. AMA (American Medical Association). Legal Implications of Practice Parameters. Chicago: AMA, 1990. AMA. Physicians' Current Procedural Terminology. Chicago: AMA, 1993. AMA. Protecting the Confidentiality of Patient Information: Critical Safeguards Needed for the Electronic Transmission of Health Data . Chicago: AMA, 1995.

OCR for page 209
--> Andrade, S.D., Walker, A.M., Gottlieb, L.K., et al. Discontinuation of Antihyperlipidemic Drugs--Do Rates Reported in Clinical Trials Reflect Rates in Primary Care Settings? New England Journal of Medicine 332(17):1125-1131, 1995. Andrews, E.L. Congress Votes to Reshape Communications Industry, Ending a 4-Year Struggle. New York Times, February 2, 1996, pp. A1, D6. Arent Fox. Federal Telemedicine Legislation 104th Congress. Telemedicine and the Law (http://www.arentfox.com/telemed.liability.html), May 1996. Armstrong, T.M. Process: Medical Consultation Scheduling (Requesting Site). Telemedicine Today 3(3):5, 1995. AT&T. AT&T Receives FDA Approval to Market Picasso as Diagnostic Tool. Press release, Basking Ridge, N.J., March 9, 1995. Avorn, J., and Soumerai, S. Improving Drug-Therapy Decisions Through Educational Outreach: A Randomized Controlled Trial of Academically Based "Detailing." New England Journal of Medicine 308:1447-1463, 1983. Baer, L., Jacobs, D., Cukor, P., et al. Automated Telephone Screening Survey for Depression . Journal of the American Medical Association 273(24):1943-1944, 1995. Bailar, J.C. The Practice of Meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 48(1):149-157, 1995. Ball, J.R. Practice Guidelines and Their Role in Quality Assurance and Cost Effectiveness. Quality Assurance in Health Care 2(1):31-36, 1990. Barnard, C.M. Access, Cost, and Efficiency of Teledermatology. Unpublished research project proposal, Stanford University Medical Center, 1995. Barnard, C.M., and Middleton, B. Stanford Teledermatology: Technical Demonstration. In Proceedings of the Nineteenth Annual Symposium on Computer Applications in Medical Care: Toward Cost-Effective Clinical Computing: A Conference of the American Medical Informatics Association . October 28- November 1, 1995. Philadelphia: Hanley and Belfus, p. 1026. Bashshur, R.L. On the Definition and Evaluation of Telemedicine. Telemedicine Journal 1:19-30, 1995. Bashshur, R.L., Armstrong, P.A., and Youssef, Z.I. Telemedicine: Explorations in the Use of Telecommunications in Health Care. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C Thomas, 1975. Bashshur, R.L., Scott, J., Silva, J., et al., eds. Report on a Working Conference on Telemedicine Policy for the NII. Airline House, August 7-9, 1994. Arlington, Va.: Center for Public Service Communications, 1994. Bashshur, R.L., Puskin, D., and Silva, J., eds. Second Invitational Consensus Conference on Telemedicine and the National Information Infrastructure: Augusta, Georgia, May 2-4, 1995. Telemedicine Journal 1(4):321-375, 1995. Batalden, P., and Buchanan, E.D. Industrial Models of Quality Improvement. In Providing Quality Care: The Challenge to Clinicians, N. Goldfield and D. Nash, eds. Philadelphia: American College of Physicians, 1989. Bayley, K.B., London, M.R., Grunkmeier, G.L., et al. Measuring the Success of Treatment in Patient Terms. Medical Care 33(4, Suppl.):AS226-AS235, 1995. Beam, C.A., Layde, P.M., and Sullivan, D.C. Variability in the Interpretation of Screening Mammograms by US Radiologists. Archives of Internal Medicine 156(2):209-213, 1996. Becich, M. Telepathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. Telemedicine Today 3(4):22-23, 28, 1995. Benschoter, R.A., Garetz, C., and Smith, P. The Use of Closed Circuit TV and Videotape in the Training of Social Group Workers. Social Work Education Reporter 15(1):18-20, 1967. Berwick, D.M. Continuous Improvement as an Ideal in Health Care. New England Journal of Medicine 320(1):53-56, 1989.

OCR for page 209
--> Berwick, D.M., Godfrey, A.B., and Roessner, J. Curing Health Care: New Strategies for Quality Improvement. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1990. Bird, K.Y. Cardiopulmonary Frontiers: Quality Health Care via Interactive Television. Chest 61:204-205, 1972. Black-Schaffer, S., and Flotte, T.J. Current Issues in Telepathology. Telemedicine Journal 1(2):95-106, 1995. Borzo, G. Information Please. American Medical News, November 27, 1995, pp. 3-5. Borzo, G. Educated Patients: Partners or Pains? American Medical News, June 10, 1996a, p. 25. Borzo, G. Internet Infuses New Life into Data Networks. American Medical News, May 20, 1996b, pp. 3, 27. Bovbjerg, R. Legislation on Medical Malpractice: Further Developments and a Report Card. University of California at Davis Law Review 22:499-560, 1989. Braly, D. Colorado Facilities Evaluate Telemedicine to Cut Transportation. Health Management Technology 16(2):64-70, 1995. Brecht, R.M., Gray, C.L., Peterson, C., et al. The University of Texas Medical Branch-Texas Department of Criminal Justice Telemedicine Project. Telemedicine Journal 2(1):25-35, 1996. Brenner, M.H., Curbow, B., and Legro, M.W. The Proximal-Distal Continuum of Multiple Health Outcome Measures: The Case of Cataract Surgery. Medical Care 33(4, Suppl.): AS236-AS244, 1995. Briggs, A., Sculpher, M., and Buxton, M. Uncertainty in the Economic Evaluation of Health Care Technologies: The Role of Sensitivity Analysis. Health Economics 3(2):95-104, 1994. Brook, R.H., and Lohr, K.N. Efficacy, Effectiveness, Variations, and Quality: Boundary-crossing Research. Medical Care 23:710-722, 1985. Campbell, D.T., and Stanley, J.C. Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs for Research. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1963. CAP (College of American Pathologists). Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine, R.A. Cote, ed. Skokie, Ill.: CAP, 1993. Carey, R.G., and Seibert, J.H. A Patient Survey System to Measure Quality Improvement: Questionnaire Reliability and Validity. Medical Care 31(9):834-845, 1993. Carthy, Z. Emergency Tele-Home Health Care. Telemedicine Today 3(4):10-11, 1995. CBO (Congressional Budget Office). Physician Reimbursement Under Medicare: Options for Change. Washington, D.C.: CBO, April 1986. Chestertown Roundtable. Briefing Book: Developing Approaches for DOD Technology Assessment and Evaluation of Telemedicine. Sponsored by the Army Medical and Materiel Development Command and the ISIS Center, Georgetown University Medical Center. Chestertown, Md., July 20-August 1, 1995. Chinnock, C. Providers Plow New Ground by Extending Services to Prisons. Telemedicine and Telehealth Networks 2(2):32, 35-36, 1996. CHPS (Center for Health Policy Studies). Understanding and Choosing Clinical Performance Measures for Quality Improvement: Development of a Typology. Final report to the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (Contract No. 282-92-0038), Rockville, Md., January 1995. Cleary, P.D., and McNeil, B.J. Patient Satisfaction as an Indicator of Quality Care. Inquiry 25:25-26, 1988. Collins, J.M., and Charboneau, W. Long Distance Procedures: Legal, Licensing, and Reimbursement Issues. In Proceedings of the Mayo Telemedicine Symposium. Broadcast simultaneously from Rochester, Minn., Jacksonville, Fla., and Scottsdale, Ariz. October 1-3, 1993. Rochester: Mayo Clinic, pp. 56-60.

OCR for page 209
--> Cook, T.D., and Campbell, D.T. Quasi-Experimentation: Design and Analysis Issues for Field Settings. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1979. Corrigan, J.M., and Nielson, D.M. Toward the Development of Uniform Reporting Standard for Managed Care Organizations. Joint Commission Journal on Quality Improvement 21(4):566-575, 1993. Council on Competitiveness. Breaking the Barriers to the National Information Infrastructure. Washington, D.C.: Council on Competitiveness, 1994. CPRI (Computer-Based Patient Record Institute). CPR Project Evaluation Criteria. Schaumberg, Ill.: CPRI, 1996. CPSC (Center for Public Service Communications). The Human Dimension of Telemedicine: Barriers to Practitioner Acceptance. Report on a workshop convened for the Office of Rural Health Policy, February 1995. Cronin, F.J., Gold, M.A., Sigalos, J.L., et al. Telecommunications and Cost Savings in Health Care Services. Southern Economic Journal 61(2):343-355, 1994. Crump, W.J., and Pfeil, T.A. Telemedicine Primer: An Introduction to the Technology and an Overview of the Literature. Archive of Family Medicine 4:796-803, 1995. Cunningham, R. Telemedicine Races Against Time to Earn Its Keep. Medicine & Health Perspectives (Faulkner & Gray) 49(47):1-4, December 4, 1995. Dargahi, R., Classen, D.W., Bobroff, R.B., et al. The Development of a Data Security Model for the Collaborative Social and Medical Services System. In Proceedings of the 18th Symposium on Computer Applications in Medical Care, J.F. Ozbolt, ed. Philadelphia: Hanley and Belfus, pp. 349-353, 1994. Davis, D.A., Thornton, W., Grosskreutz, D.C., et al. Radio Telemetry in Patient Monitoring. Anesthesiology 22(6):1010-1013, 1961. Dayhoff, R.E. Telemedicine Activities of Veterans Administration. Presentation at the National Forum II: Global Telemedicine and Its International Applications, McLean, Va., April 4, 1996. Decorato, D.R., Kagetsu, N.J., and Ablow, R.C. Off Hours Interpretation of Radiologic Images of Patients Admitted to the Emergency Department: Efficacy of Teleradiology. American Journal of Roentgenology 165(5):1293-1296, 1995. Deming, W.E. Out of the Crisis. Cambridge, Mass.: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 1986. DerSimonian, R., Charette, L.J., McPeek, B., et al. Reporting on Methods in Clinical Trials. The New England Journal of Medicine 306:1332-1337, 1982. Donabedian, A. Evaluating the Quality of Medical Care. Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly 44:166-203, 1966. Donabedian, A. Explorations in Quality Assessment and Monitoring. Vol. 1, The Definition of Quality and Approaches to Its Assessment . Vol. 2, The Criteria and Standards of Monitoring. Vol. 3, The Methods and Findings of Quality Assessment and Monitoring: An Illustrated Analysis. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Health Administration Press, 1980, 1982, 1985. Drummond, M.F., Stoddard, G.L., and Torrance, G.W. Methods for the Economic Evaluation of Health Care Programmes. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987. Dumas, J.S., and Redish, J.C. A Practical Guide to Usability Testing . Norwood, N.J.: Ablex Publishing Group, 1994. Dunn, E.V., Conrath, D.W., Bloor, W.G., et al. An Evaluation of Four Telemedicine Systems for Primary Care. Health Services Research 12(1):19-29, 1977. Duvall, J. The Year 2000 Does Not Compute. CNN Interactive Technology , January 7, 1996 (http:www.cnn.com/TECH/9601/2000/index.html). Eddy, D.M. Variations in Physician Practice: The Role of Uncertainty. Health Affairs 3:74-89, 1984.

OCR for page 209
--> Eddy, D.M. Connecting Value and Costs: Whom Do We Ask, and What Do We Ask Them? Journal of the American Medical Association 264(13):1737-1739, 1990. Eddy, D.M. A Piece of My Mind: Conversations with My Mother. Journal of the American Medical Association 272(3):179-81, 1994. Eid, T.A. Privacy Protection for Patient-Identifiable Medical Information. In Telemedicine Action Report: Background Papers. Denver: Western Governors' Association, 1995: 42-47. Eisenberg, J.M. Doctors' Decisions and the Cost of Medical Care: The Reasons for Doctors' Practice Patterns and the Ways to Change Them. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Health Administration Press Perspectives, 1986. Eisenberg, J.M. Clinical Economics: A Guide to the Economic Analysis of Clinical Practices. Journal of the American Medical Association 262:2879-2886, 1989. The Encyclopedia Brittanica, 15th ed. Telecommunications Systems. Chicago: Encyclopedia Brittanica, Inc., 28:484-515, 1989. Etter, J.F., Perneger, T.V., and Rougemont, A. Does Sponsorship Matter in Patient Satisfaction Surveys? Medical Care 34(4):327-335, 1996. Eysenck, H.J. Meta-analysis and Its Problems. British Medical Journal 309:789-792, 1994. FDA (Food and Drug Administration). Appendix: Draft Policy. In Reviewer Guidance for Computer Controlled Medical Devices Undergoing 510(k) Review. Washington, D.C.: FDA, November 13, 1989. Field, M., and Gray, B. Regulating Utilization Management. Health Affairs 8(14):103-112, Winter, 1989. Fineberg, H., Bauman, R., and Sosman, M. Computerized Cranial Tomography: Effect on Diagnostic and Therapeutic Plans. Journal of the American Medical Association 238:224-230, 1977. Fink, A. Evaluation Fundamentals: Guiding Health Programs, Research, and Policy. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications, 1993. Flagle, C. Pitfalls in Evaluation. In Proceedings from the First International Conference on Image Management and Communication in Patient Care, S.K. Mun, ed. Los Alamitos, Calif: IEEE Computer Society Press, 1990, pp. 154-158. Flood, A.B., Scott, W.R., and Ewy, W. Does Practice Make Perfect? Part I: The Relationship Between Hospital Volume and Outcomes for Selected Diagnostic Categories. Medical Care 22(2):98-114, 1984. Flynn, L.J. Company Stops Providing Access to Social Security Numbers. New York Times, June 13, 1996, p. B6. Forsberg, D.A. Quality Assurance in Teleradiology. Telemedicine Journal 1(2):107-114, 1995. Fowler, F.J. The Proceedings of the Conference on Measuring the Effects of Medical Treatment. Medical Care 33(4, Suppl.), 1995. Franken, E.A. Teleradiology: Moving into the Mainstream. Telemedicine Today 4(1):25-28, 1996. Frey, D. Something's Got to Give. New York Times Magazine, March 24, 1996, pp.42-49, 56-58. GAO (Government Accounting Office, U.S.), Telecommunications: Initiatives Taken by Three States to Promote Increased Access and Investment. Report to the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry, U.S. Senate, Washington, D.C., March 1996. Gayler, B.W., Gitlin, J.N., Rappaport, W.H., et al. A Laboratory Evaluation of Teleradiology. Proceedings of the Sixth Conference on Computer Applications in Radiology. June 1979, pp. 26-30. Gelman, R. Confidentiality and Telemedicine: The Need for a Federal Legislative Solution. Telemedicine Journal 1(3):189-194, 1995. Gershon-Cohen, J., and Cooley, A.G. Telediagnosis. Radiology 55:582-587, 1950.

OCR for page 209
--> Gibson, R.F., and Middleton, B. Health Care Information Management Systems to Support CPI. Clinical Practice Improvement: A New Technology for Developing Cost-Effective Quality Health Care. Vol. 1. New York: Faulkner & Gray, 1994, pp. 103-124. Gilbert, F. Confidentiality of Computerized Health Records. Journal of Medical Practice Management 11(1):42-46, 1995a. Gilbert, F. Licensure and Credentialing Barriers to the Practice of Telemedicine. In Telemedicine Action Report: Background Papers. Denver: Western Governors' Association, pp. 27-35, 1995b. Gilbert, F. Selected Legal Issues in the Use of Community Health Information Networks. The Journal of Health Information and Management Systems Society 9(2):43-51, 1995c. Gilbert, F. Comments to the Proposed Model Legislation Regarding Cross-State Licensure Drafted by the Federation of State Medical Boards. Telemedicine Today 4(1): 5, 8, 31-32, 1996. Gitlin, J.N. Teleradiology. Computers in Radiology: Radiologic Clinics of North America 24(1):55-68, 1986. Gitlin, J.N. Introduction. In Understanding Teleradiology. Harrisburg, Pa.: Society for Computer Applications in Radiology, 1994. Gold, M., and Wooldridge, J. Surveying Consumer Satisfaction to Assess Managed Care Quality: Current Practices. Health Care Financing Review 16(4): 155-173, 1995. Gore, M.J. Teleradiology Network Pioneers: Harris/UCLA and Telequest. Telemedicine Sourcebook 1996-1997. New York: Faulkner and Gray, 1996. Gosbee, J.W. The White Paper on Human Factors Engineering and Telemedicine . Paper prepared for the Focus Group on Clinician Acceptance Issues in Telemedicine Systems, Federal Office of Rural Health Policy, January, 1995. Gosfield, A. PROs: A Case Study in Utilization Management and Quality Assurance. In 1989 Health Law Handbook. New York: Clark Boardman Company, Ltd., 1989, pp. 361-398. Gosfield, A. Value Purchasing and Effectiveness: Legal Implications. In 1991 Health Law Handbook. New York: Clark Boardman Company, Ltd., 1991. Gostin, L.O. Health Information Privacy. Cornell Law Review 80:515, 1995. Gostin, L.O., Turek-Brezina, J., Powers, M., et al. Privacy and Security of Personal Information in a New Health Care System. Journal of the American Medical Association 270:2487-2493, 1993. Gott, M. Telematics for Health: The Role of Telehealth and Telemedicine in Homes and Communities. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Community, 1995. Granade, P. Implementing Telemedicine on a National Basis: A Legal Analysis of Licensure Issues. Unpublished paper, Medical College of Georgia, 1995a. Granade, P. Malpractice Issues Affecting the Implementation of Telemedicine. In Telemedicine Action Report: Background Papers. Denver: Western Governors' Association, June 1995, pp. 36-41. (1995b) Granade, P. Malpractice Issues in the Practice of Telemedicine. Telemedicine Journal 1(2):87-89, 1995c. Greberman, M., Goeringer, F., Shannon, R., et al. The Collaborative Digital Imaging Network Project. In Medical Imaging II: Image Data Management and Display--Proceedings of the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers 914:1326-1327, 1988. Greberman, M., Horii, S., Devey, G., et al. Glossary. Understanding Teleradiology. Harrisburg, Penn.: Society for Computer Applications in Radiology, 1994. Green, L. Dissemination Strategies for Consumers. Paper prepared for the Conference to Develop a Research Agenda for Outcomes and Effectiveness Research, conducted by the Foundation for Health Services Research and the Alpha Center, Arlington, Va., April 14-16, 1991.

OCR for page 209
--> Greenland, S. A Critical Look at Some Popular Meta-Analytic Methods. American Journal of Epidemiology 140:290-296, 1994. Greenlick, M.R., Freeborn, D.K., Gambill, G.I., et al. Determinants of Medical Care Utilization: The Role of Telemedicine in Total Medical Care. Medical Care 11(2):121, 1973. Grigsby, J. Current Status of Domestic Telemedicine. Journal of Medical Systems 19(1):19-27, 1995a. Grigsby, J. Lack of Coverage for Telemedicine Services: A Barrier to Implementation of Telemedicine. In Telemedicine Action Report: Background Papers. Denver: Western Governors' Association, 1995b. Grigsby, J., Barton, P.L., Kaehny, M.M., et al. Analysis of Expansion of Access to Care Through Use of Telemedicine and Mobile Health Services . Report 1, Literature Review and Analytic Framework. Denver: Center for Health Policy Research, 1993. Grigsby, J., Barton, P.L., Kaehny, M.M., et al. Analysis of Expansion of Access to Care Through Use of Telemedicine and Mobile Health Services . Report 2, Case Studies and Current Status of Telemedicine. Denver: Center for Health Policy Research, 1994a. Grigsby, J., Barton, P.L., Kaehny, M.M., et al. Analysis of Expansion of Access to Care Through Use of Telemedicine and Mobile Health Services . Report 3, Telemedicine Policy: Quality Assurance, Utilization Review, and Coverage. Denver: Center for Health Policy Research, 1994b. Grigsby, J., Barton, P.L., Kaehny, M.M., et al. Analysis of Expansion of Access to Care Through Use of Telemedicine and Mobile Health Services . Report 4, Study Summary and Recommendations for Further Research . Denver: Center for Health Care Policy Research, 1994c. Grigsby, J., Kaehny, M., and Sandberg, E. Effects and Effectiveness of Telemedicine. Health Care Financing Review 17(1):115-131, 1995. Hall, J.A., Feldstein, M., Fretwell, M.D., et al. Older Patients' Health Status and Satisfaction with Medical Care in an HMO Population. Medical Care 28(3):261-270, 1990. Hall, M. The Defensive Effect of Medical Practice Policies in Malpractice Litigation. Law and Contemporary Problems 54:199-245, 1991. Hamby, D.M. A Comparison of Sensitivity Analysis Techniques. Health Physicist 68(2):195-204, 1995. Hammond, W. Security, Privacy, and Confidentiality. Journal of Health Information Management Research 1(2):1-8, 1992. Hancock, L. Pathology Resource Guide. Telemedicine Today 3(4):14-15, 1995. Hannan, E.L., Kilburn, H., Lindsey, M.L., et al. Clinical Versus Administrative Data Bases for CABG Surgery. Does It Matter? Medical Care 30:892-907, 1992. Hannan, E.L., O'Donnell, J.F., Kilburn, H., et al. Investigation of the Relationship Between Surgical Volume and Mortality for Surgical Procedures Performed in New York State Hospitals. Journal of the American Medical Association 262:503-510, 1989. Haynes, R.B., Mulrow, C.D., Huth, E.J., et al. More Informative Abstracts Revisited. Annals of Internal Medicine 113: 69-76, 1990. Henkind, S.J., Orlowoski, J.M., and Skarulis, P.C. Application of a Multilevel Access Model in the Development of a Security Infrastructure for a Clinical Information System. In Proceedings of the 17th Symposium on Computer Applications in Medical Care, C. Safran, ed. New York: McGraw Hill, 1994, pp. 64-68. Hirschman, J.C., Baker, T.J., and Schiff, A.F. Transoceanic Radio Transmission of Electrocardiograms. Diseases of the Chest 52(2):186-190, 1967. Hopkins, S.P., and Carroll, R.J. Severity Adjustment Models for CPI. In Clinical Practice Improvement: A New Technology for Developing Cost-Effective Quality Health Care. Vol. 1., S.D. Horn and D. Hopkins, eds. Washington, D.C.: Faulkner & Gray's Health care Information Center, 1994, pp. 91-102.

OCR for page 209
--> Horn, S., and Hopkins, D. Clinical Practice Improvement: A New Technology for Developing Cost-Effective Quality Health Care. New York: Faulkner & Gray, 1994. House, A.M. Distance Health Systems--Canadian Collaboration. In Proceedings of the Mayo Telemedicine Symposium. Broadcast simultaneously from Rochester, Minn., Jacksonville, Fla., and Scottsdale, Ariz., October 1-3, 1993. Rochester: Mayo Clinic, pp. 46-55. Hughes, R.G., Hunt, S.S., and Luft, H.S. Effects of Surgeon Volume and Hospital Volume on Quality of Care in Hospitals. Medical Care 25(6):489-503, 1987. Iezzoni, L.I. Risk Adjustment for Medical Outcomes Studies. In Health Care Quality Management for the 21st Century, M.L. Grady, ed. Rockville, Md.: Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR Pub No. 92-0056), 1992, pp. 83-97. IBM. The Year 2000 and 2-Digit Dates: A Guide for Planning and Implementation. IBM Software Home Page (www.software.ibm.com/year2000/paper.html), May 1996. IOM (Institute of Medicine). Health Services Research, Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1979. IOM. Assessing Medical Technologies. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1985. IOM. Controlling Costs and Changing Patient Care: The Role of Utilization Management. B. Gray and M. Field, eds. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1989. IOM. Effectiveness and Outcomes in Health Care. K. Heithoff and K.N. Lohr, eds. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1990a. IOM. Funding Health Sciences Research. F.E. Bloom and M.A. Randolph, eds. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1990b. IOM. Medicare: A Strategy for Quality Assurance. Vols. I and II. K.N. Lohr, ed. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1990c. IOM. The Computer-Based Patient Record: An Essential Technology for Health Care. R. Dick and E. Steen, eds. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1991. IOM. Guidelines for Clinical Practice: From Development to Use. M.J. Field and K.N. Lohr, eds. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1992a. IOM. Setting Priorities for Technology Assessment. M.S. Donaldson, ed. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1992b. IOM. Access to Health Care in America. M. Millman, ed. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1993a. IOM. Employment and Health Benefits: A Connection at Risk. M.J. Field, ed. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1993b. IOM. Careers in Clinical Research. W.N. Randolph, eds. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1994a. IOM. Health Data in the Information Age: Use, Disclosure, and Privacy . M.S. Donaldson and K.N. Lohr, eds. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press , 1994b. IOM. Health Services Research. M.J. Field, R.E. Tranquada, and J.C. Feasley, eds. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1995a. IOM. Setting Priorities for Clinical Practice Guidelines. M.J. Field, ed. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1995b. IOM. The Nation's Physician Workforce: Options for Balancing Supply and Requirements. K.N. Lohr, N.A. Vanselow, and D.E. Detmer, eds. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1996. Johannes, L. Patients Delve into Database to Second-Guess Doctors. Wall Street Journal, February 21, 1996, pp. B1, B6. Jones, E. Links Increase Between Rural and Urban Sites. Telemedicine and Telehealth Networks, April 1996, pp. 4-5. Jones, M.G. Electronic House Calls: 21st Century Health Care Services for Consumers. In Proceedings of the Mayo Telemedicine Symposium. Broadcast simultaneously from

OCR for page 209
--> Rochester, Minn., Jacksonville, Fla., and Scottsdale, Ariz., October 1-3, 1993. Rochester: Mayo Clinic, pp. 39-45. Jutra, A. Teleroentgen Diagnosis by Means of Videotape Recording. American Journal of Roentgenology 82:1099-1102, 1959. Kaluzny, A.D., Konrad, T.R., and McLaughlin, C.P. Organizational Strategies for Implementing Guidelines. Journal on Quality Improvement 21(7):347-351, 1995. Kansas Telemedicine Policy Group. Telemedicine: Assessing the Kansas Environment. Vol. 1, The Role of Telemedicine in Health Care Delivery . Topeka, Kan.: Kansas Department of Health and Environment, 1993. Kasper, J.F., Mulley, A.G., and Ware, J.E. Developing Shared Decisionmaking Programs to Improve the Quality of Health Care. Quality Review Bulletin 18(6):183-90, 1992. Kee, J.E. Benefit-Cost Analysis in Program Evaluation. In Handbook of Practical Program Evaluation. J.S. Wholey, H.P. Hatry, and K.E. Newcomer, eds. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1994. Keppler, K. East Carolina University Justifies Costs with Plethora of Benefits. Telemedicine and TeleHealth Networks 2(6):34-36, 1996 Kesler, C., and Balch, D. Development of a Telemedicine and Distance Learning Network in Rural Eastern North Carolina. East Carolina University Telemedicine Home Page (http://150.216.193.51/wpaper.html), 1995. Kinney, E., and Wilder, M. Medical Standard Setting in the Current Malpractice Environment. University of California Davis Law Review 22:421-450, 1989. Kolata, G. When Patients' Records Are Commodities for Sale. New York Times, November 15, 1995, pp. A1, C14. Krupinski, E.A., Weinstein, R.S., Bloom, K.J., et al. Progress in Telepathology: System Implementation and Testing. Advances in Pathology and Laboratory Medicine. Vol. 6. New York: Mosby Yearbook, 1993. Kuller, L.H. Editorial: The Use of Existing Databases in Morbidity and Mortality Studies. American Journal of Public Health 85(9): 1198-1199, 1995. Lamberg, L. Patients Go On-Line for Support. American Medical News , April 1, 1996, pp. 10-12. Lansky, D. The New Responsibility: Measuring and Reporting on Quality. The Joint Commission Journal on Quality Improvement 19(12):545-551, 1993. Lasker, R.D., Humphreys, B.L., and Braithwaite, W.R. Making a Powerful Connection: The Health of the Public and the National Information Infrastructure. Report of the U.S. Public Health Service Public Health Data Policy Coordinating Committee, Washington, D.C., July 6, 1995. Laupacis, A., Feeny, D., Detsky, A.S., et al. How Attractive Does a New Technology Have to Be to Warrant Adoption and Utilization? Canadian Medical Association Journal 146(4):473-481, 1992. Lawthers, A.G., Localio, A.R., Laird, N.M., et al. Physicians' Perceptions of the Risk of Being Sued. Journal of Health Politics, Policy, and Law 17(3):463-482, 1992. Lessler, J.T. Choosing Questions That People Can Understand and Answer. Medical Care 33(4, Suppl.):AS203-AS208, 1995. Lewin, T. Questions of Privacy Roil Arena of Psychiatry. New York Times, May 22, 1996, pp. A1, D20. Lindberg, D.A. HPCC and the National Information Infrastructure: An Overview. Bulletin of the Medical Library Association 83(1):29-31, 1995. Lindberg, D.A., and Humphreys, B.L. Computers in Medicine. Journal of the American Medical Association 273(21):1667-1668, 1995a.

OCR for page 209
--> Lindberg, D.A., and Humphreys, B.L. The High Performance Computing and Communications Program: The National Information Infrastructure and Health Care. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 2(3):156-159, 1995b. Lipson, L., and Henderson, T. State Initiatives to Promote Telemedicine . Washington, D.C.: Intergovernmental Health Policy Project, 1995. Lohr, K.N., ed. Advances in Health Status Assessment Medical Care 30(5 supp), 1992. Luft, H.S., Hunt, S.S., and Maerki, S.C. The Volume-Outcome Relationship: Practice-Makes-Perfect or Selective-Referral Patterns? Health Services Research 22(2):409-426, 1987. Maklan, C.S., Green, R., and Cumming, M.A. Methodology Challenges and Innovations in Patient Outcomes Research. Medical Care 32(7, Suppl.):JS13-21, 1994. Mattioli, L. Remote Tele-stethoscopy over an Interactive Video System. Telemedicine Today 4(3):17, 27, 1996. McAllister, B. VA Seeking to Shift Emphasis from Hospitals to "Health Care." Washington Post, April 1, 1996, p. A19. McDonald, C.J., and Overhage, J.M. Guidelines You Can Follow and Can Trust: An Ideal and an Example. Journal of the American Medical Association 271(11):872-873, 1994. McDowell, I., and Newell, C. Measuring Health: A Guide to Scales and Questionnaires. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993. McIlrath, S. Licensing: Who's Practicing Medicine Where. American Medical News, April 24, 1995, p. 7. (1995a) McIlrath, S. To Pay or Not to Pay--That Is the Lingering Question in Telemedicine. American Medical News, May 1, 1995, p. 23. (1995b) Medical Outcomes Trust. Instrument Review Criteria. Medical Outcomes Trust Bulletin 3(4):I-IV, 1995. Menn, E.R., and Kvedar, J.C. Teledermatology in a Changing Health Care Environment. Telemedicine Journal 1(4):303-308, 1995. Moher, D., Dulberg, C.S., and Wells, G.A. Statistical Power, Sample Size, and Their Reporting in Randomized Controlled Trials. Journal of the American Medical Association 272(2):122-124, 1994. Mohr, L.B. Impact Analysis for Program Evaluation. Chicago: The Dorsey Press, 1988. Mohr, L.B. Impact Analysis for Program Evaluation. Newbury Park, Calif.: Sage, 1992. Monnier, A.J., Wright, I.S., Lenegre, J., et al. Ship-to-Shore Radio Transmission of Electrocardiograms and X-ray Images. Journal of the American Medical Association 193(12):144-145, 1965. Morrissey, J. Full Speed Ahead: CIO Survey Reveals Push to Build Computer Links in Integrated Health care Delivery Networks. Modern Health care 26(10):97-108, 1996. Moses, L.E. Framework for Considering the Role of Data Bases in Technology Assessment. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care 6:183-193, 1990. Muller, C., Marshall, C.L., Krasner, M., et al. Cost Factors in Urban Telemedicine. Medical Care 15(3):251-259, 1977. Mun, S.K., Horri, S., Benson, H., et al. Experience with Image Management Networks at Three Universities: Is the Cup Half-Empty or Half-Full? In Medial Imaging III: PACS System Design and Evaluation--Proceedings of the Society of the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers 1093:194-201, 1989. Mun, S.K., Elsayed, A.M., Tohme, W.G., et al. Teleradiology/Telepathology Requirements and Implementation. Journal of Medical Systems 19(2):153-164, 1995. Mun, S.K., and Freedman, M. The Role of PACS in Redesigning the Radiologic Practice. In Proceedings of the National Forum: Military Telemedicine On-Line Today. Sponsored by U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command. McLean, Va., March 27-29, 1995. Los Alamitos, Calif.: IEEE Computer Society Press, 1996.

OCR for page 209
--> NAE (National Academy of Engineering). Communications Technology for Urban Improvement. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1971. Nagel, E.L., Hirschman, J.C., Mayer, P.W., et al. Telemetry of Physiologic Data: An Aid to Fire-Rescue Personnel in a Metropolitan Area. Southern Medical Journal 61:598-601, 1968. NAHDO (National Association of Health Data Organizations). NAHDO Resource Manual. Falls Church, Va.: NAHDO, 1993. NAS (National Academy of Sciences). Knowledge and Policy: The Uncertain Connection, L. Lynn, ed. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1978. Nelson, E.C., Batalden, P.B., Plume, S.K. et al. Report Cards or Instrument Panels: Who Needs What? Joint Commission Journal on Quality Improvement 21(4):155-166, 1995. Norman, D. The Design of Everyday Things. New York: Doubleday Press, 1990. North Carolina Emergency Consult Network (NC TeleMed). Utilization and Expense Impact Evaluation Plan, unpublished draft, 1995. NRC (National Research Council), Computer Science and Telecommunications Board. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1996. ORHP (Office of Rural Health Policy, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services). Reaching Rural: Rural Health Travels the Telecommunications Highway. Workshop report. Rockville, Md.: ORHP, November 1993a. ORHP. Rural TeleHealth: Telemedicine, Distance Education, and Informatics for Rural Health Care. Boulder, Colo.: Western Cooperative for Educational Telecommunications, September 1993b. ORHP, Second Annual Rural Telemedicine Grantees Meeting. Rockville, Md.: November 30-December 1, 1995. ORHP. Rural Telemedicine Grant Programs, Project Descriptions. Rockville, Md.: ORHP, February 1996. OTA (Office of Technology Assessment, U.S. Congress). Assessing the Efficacy and Safety of Medical Technologies. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1978. OTA. The Implications of Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Medical Technology . Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1980a. OTA. The Implications of Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Medical Technology--Background paper: Methodological Issues and Literature Review. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1980b. OTA. Federal Government Information Technology: Electronic Records Systems and Individual Privacy. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1986a. OTA. Payment for Physician Services. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1986b. OTA. Rural America at the Crossroads: Networking for the Future. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1991. OTA. Protecting Privacy in Computerized Medical Information. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1993. OTA. Identifying Health Technologies That Work. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1994. OTA. Bringing Health Care Online. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1995. Ozbolt, J.G., Fruchtnicht, J.N., and Hayden, J.R. Toward Data Standards for Clinical Nursing Information. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 1(2):175-185, 1994. Page, L. Managed Care Files Pose Privacy Risks. American Medical News, June 10, 1996, pp. 3, 12. (1996a)

OCR for page 209
--> Page, L. New Records-Confidentiality Bill Introduced in Congress. American Medical News, June 10, 1996, pp. 4-5. (1996b) Park, R.E., Fink, A., Brook, R.H., et al. Physician Ratings of Appropriate Indications for Six Medical and Surgical Procedures. Santa Monica, Calif.: The Rand Corporation, 1986. Perednia, D.A. Telemedicine System Evaluation and a Collaborative Model for Multi-Centered Research. Journal of Medical Systems 19(3):287-294, 1995. Perednia, D.A. Telemedicine System Evaluation, Transaction Models, and Multi-Centered Research. Journal of the American Health Information Management Association 67(1):60-63, 1996. Perednia, D.A., and Allen, A. Telemedicine Technology and Clinical Applications. Journal of the American Medical Association 273(6):483-487, 1995. Perednia, D.A., and Brown, N.A. Teledermatology: One Application of Telemedicine. Bulletin of the American Library Association 83(1):42-47, 1995. Peterson, R.A., and Wilson, W.R. Measuring Customer Satisfaction: Fact and Artifact. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science 20:61, 1992. Pew Health Professions Commission. Shifting the Supply of Our Health Care Workforce. A Guide to Redirecting Federal Subsidy of Medical Education. San Francisco: Pew Health Professions Commission, 1995. Phelps, C.E. The Methodologic Foundations of Studies of the Appropriateness of Medical Care. New England Journal of Medicine 329(17):1263-1265, 1993. Pocock, S.J., Hughes, M.D., and Lee, R.J. Statistical Problems in the Reporting of Clinical Trials, a Survey of Three Medical Journals. New England Journal of Medicine 317(7):426-432, 1987. PPRC (Physician Payment Review Commission). Annual Report. Washington, D.C.: PPRC, 1988, 1989, 1995. President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research. Summing Up: The Ethical and Legal Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research . Washington, D.C.: The Commission, 1983. Preston, J., Brown, P.W., and Hartley, B. Using Telemedicine to Improve Health Care in Distant Areas. Hospital and Community Psychiatry 43:25-31, 1992. ProPAC (Prospective Payment Assessment Commission). Report and Recommendations to the Congress. Washington, D.C.: ProPAC, 1986, 1996. Puskin, D.H., Brink, L.H., Mintzer, C.L., et al. Joint Federal Initiative for Creating a Telemedicine Evaluation Framework. Letter to the Editor. Telemedicine Journal 1(4):393-397, 1995. Relman, A.S. Assessment and Accountability: The Third Revolution in Medical Care. New England Journal of Medicine 319(18):1220-1222, 1988. Rennie, D. Reporting Randomized Controlled Trials, an Experiment and a Call for Response from Readers. Journal of the American Medical Association 273(13):1054-1055, 1995. Richardson, B. Doctors Can Diagnose Illnesses Long Distance, to the Dismay of Some. Wall Street Journal, January 17, 1996, pp. A1, A8. Ridely, E. PACS and Teleradiology 1996: Analysis of Industry Trends and Purchasing Patterns (a Diagnostic Imaging publication). San Francisco: Miller Freeman, Inc., 1996. Roberts, J.S. The Merging of Quality Paradigms--Meeting Patient Needs While Staying True to Science. Editorial. Quality Review Bulletin 17(10):325, 1991. Roos, L.L., Roos, N.P., Cageorge, S.M., et al. How Good Are the Data? Reliability of One Health Care Data Bank. Medical Care 20:266-276, 1982. Roos, N.P., Black, C.D., Frohlich, N., et al. A Population-Based Health Information System. Medical Care 33(12):DS7-DS12, 1995.

OCR for page 209
--> Roper, W., Winkenwerder, W., Hackbarth G., et al. Effectiveness in Health Care: An Initiative to Evaluate and Improve Medical Practice. New England Journal of Medicine 319:1197-1202, 1988. Roponen, J., Lahde, S., and Tervonen, O. Low-cost Digital Teleradiology. European Journal of Radiology 19(3):225-231, 1995. Rosenblum, J. Medical Liability in Cyberspace. The Connecticut Law Tribune, February 27, 1995, p. 13A. Rosenthal, M., and Brennan, T. Medical Malpractice Reform: The Current Proposals. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 1996. Rossi, P.H., and Freeman, H.E. Evaluation: A Systematic Approach. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications, 1982. Rossi, P.H., Wright, R.A., and Anderson, A.B., eds. Handbook of Survey Research. Newbiru Park, Calif.: Sage, 1989. Rouse, W.B. Design for Success: A Human-Centered Approach to Designing Successful Products and Systems. New York: Wiley, 1991. Rubin, H.R. Can Patients Evaluate the Quality of Hospital Care? Medical Care Review 47:267-326, 1990. Rubin, H.R., Gandek, B., Rogers, W.H., et al. Patients' Ratings of Outpatient Visits in Different Practice Settings: Results from the Medical Outcomes Study. Journal of the American Medical Association 270(7):835-840, 1993. Rutman, L., ed. Evaluation Research Methods: A Basic Guide. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications, 1980. Sage, W.M., Hastings, K.E., and Berenson, R.A. Enterprise Liability for Medical Malpractice and Health Care Quality Improvement. American Journal of Law and Medicine 20(1):1-28, 1994. Salvendy, G., ed. Handbook of Human Factors. New York: Wiley, 1987. Sanders, J.H. Presentation to the IOM Committee on Evaluating Clinical Applications of Telemedicine, Washington, D.C., July 9, 1995. Sanders, J.H., and Bashshur, R. Proposal to the Health Care Financing Administration: The Effects of Telemedicine on Accessibility, Quality, and Cost of Health Care in Rural Areas. Submitted by the University of Michigan and the Medical College of Georgia, March 18, 1994. Sanders, J.H., and Bashshur, R. Challenges to the Implementation of Telemedicine. Telemedicine Journal 1(2):115-123, 1995. Savkar, S., and Waters, R. Telemedicine: Implications for Patient Confidentiality and Privacy. Information Systems and Telemedicine Newsletter. Washington, D.C.: Arent Fox Kintner Plotkin & Kahn, 1995, pp. 4-7. Scannell, K.M., Perednia, D.A., and Kissman, H.M. Telemedicine: Past, Present, Future. Washington, D.C.: National Library of Medicine, 1995. Schulz, K.F. Subverting Randomization in Controlled Trials. Journal of the American Medical Association 274(18):1456-1458, 1995. Schulz, K.F., Chalmers, I., Grimes, D.A., et al. Assessing the Quality of Randomization from Reports of Controlled Trials Published in Obstetrics and Gynecology Journals. Journal of the American Medical Association 272(2):125-128, 1994. Schwartz, J. Medical Records Privacy Bill Gets Airing at Senate Hearing. Washington Post, November 15, 1995, p. A2. Scott, J.S., and Neuberger, N. Background paper prepared for the IOM Committee on Evaluating Clinical Applications of Telemedicine, February 1996. Scott, L. Will Health care Accept the "Virtual" Doctor? Modern Health care, November 28, 1994, pp. 34-35.

OCR for page 209
--> Scott, W.W., Bluemke, D.A., Mysko, W.K., et al. Interpretation of Emergency Department Radiographs by Radiologists and Emergency Medicine Physicians: Teleradiology Workstation versus Radiograph Readings. Radiology 195(1):223-229, 1995. Sechrest, L. Introduction: Some Neglected Problems in Evaluation Research: Strength and Integrity of Treatments. Evaluation Studies Review Annual pp. 15-38, 1979. Seykora, P.J. Background to Telepathology. Telemedicine Today 3(4):18-20, 29, 1995. Shinn, A.M. Introduction: The State of the Art in Telemedicine and the Need for Research. In Telemedicine: Explorations in the Use of Telecommunications in Health Care. R.I. Bashshur, P.A. Armstrong, and Z.I. Yousseff, eds. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C Thomas, 1975. Shortell, S.M., and Reinhardt, U.E., eds. Improving Health Policy and Management. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Health Administration Press, 1992. Shotwell, L.F. Taming Liability of Telemedical Transactions. Telemedicine and the Law (http://www.arentfox.com/telemed.liability.html). Reprinted from Telemedicine and Telehealth Networks. February 1996. Siegel, E.L. Impact of Filmless Radiology on the Baltimore VA Medical Center. Proceedings of the National Forum: Military Telemedicine On-Line Today. Sponsored by U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command. McLean, Va., March 27-29, 1995. Los Alamitos, Calif.: IEEE Computer Society Press, 1996. Sisk, J.E. Introduction to Measuring Health Care Effectiveness. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care 6(2):181-182, 1990. Sisk, J.E., Gianfrancesco, F.D., and Coster, J.M. Medicare Payment Options for Recombinant Erythopoietin. American Journal of Kidney Diseases 18:93-97, 1991. Sisk, J.E., and Sanders, J.H. Background paper prepared for the IOM Committee on Evaluating Clinical Applications of Telemedicine, December 1995. Soumerai, S.B., and Avorn, H. Principles of Education Outreach ("Academic Detailing") to Improve Clinical Decision Making. Journal of the American Medical Association 263(4):549-556, 1990. Stiell, I.G., McKnight, R.D., Grennberg, G.H., et al. Implementation of the Ottawa Ankle Rules. Journal of the American Medical Association 271(11):872-873, 1994. Stewart, A.L., and Ware, J.E. Measuring Functioning and Well-Being: The Medical Outcomes Study Approach. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1992. Stump, T.E., Dexter, P.R., Tierney, W.M., et al. Measuring Patient Satisfaction with Physicians Among Older and Diseased Adults in a Primary Care Municipal Outpatient Setting: An Examination of Three Instruments. Medical Care 33(9):958-972, 1995. Suchman, E.A. Evaluative Research: Principles and Practice in Public Service and Social Action Programs. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1967. Sweitzer, B.J., and Cullen, D.J. How Well Does a Journal's Peer Review Process Function? A Survey of Authors, Opinions. Journal of the American Medical Association 272(2):152-153, 1994. Taddio, A., Pain, T., Fassos, F.F., et al. Quality of Nonstructured and Structured Abstracts of Original Research Articles in the British Medical Journal, the Canadian Medical Association Journal, and the Journal of the American Medical Association. Canadian Medical Association Journal 150:1611-1615, 1994. Tang, P.C., Jaworski, M.A., Fellencer, C.A. et al. Methods for Assessing Information Needs of Clinicians in Ambulatory Care. In Proceedings of the Nineteenth Symposium on Computer Applications in Medical Care: Toward Cost-Effective Clinical Computing: A Conference of the American Medical Informatics Association. October 28-November 1, 1995. Philadelphia: Hanley and Belfus, pp. 630-634. Tangalos, E.G. Clinical Trials to Validate Telemedicine. Journal of Medical Systems 19(3):281-285, 1995.

OCR for page 209
--> Tangalos, E.G. The Future of Telemedicine: Here and Now. The Internist pp. 10-13, 16, February 1996. Telemedicine Business Newsletter. AT&T Pulls the Plug on Picasso, Citing Poor Sales of Still-Image Phone 3(11):1, 7, 1995. Telemedicine Monitor. Germantown, Md.: Center for Public Service Communications, November 1995. Telemedicine Today. Telemedicine Buyer's Guide and Directory. Winter 1996 special issue. Thomas, T.J., and Aschcraft, M.L.F. Measuring Severity of Illness: Comparison of Interrater Reliability Among Severity Methodologies. Inquiry 26:483-492, 1989. Thomas, T.J., and Aschcraft, M.L.F. Measuring Severity of Illness: Comparison of Severity and Severity Systems in Terms of Ability to Explain Variation in Costs . Inquiry 28:39-55, 1991. Tichenor, J., Balch, D., Gustke, S., et al. Operational Issues at the East Carolina University School of Medicine. Telemedicine Today 4(2):28-29, 1996. Trigeorgis. L., ed. Real Options in Capital Investment: Models, Strategies, and Applications. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 1995. Tufte, E. The Visual Display of Quantitative Information. Cheshire, Conn.: Graphics Press, 1983. Tufte, E. Envisioning Information. Cheshire, Conn.: Graphics Press, 1990. UCSF (University of California, San Francisco). UCF Radiology Consultation, Cardiac MRI and Telemedicine. San Francisco: UCSF Department of Radiology, 1995. Udvarhelyi, S., Colditz, G.A., Rai, A., et al. Cost-Effectiveness and Cost-Benefit Analyses in the Medical Literature: Are Methods Being Used Correctly? Annals of Internal Medicine 116:238-244, 1992. VA (Department of Veterans Affairs). Telemedicine Initiatives by State (http://www.va.gov/mediauto/telemed/index.htm), June 1996. Vanden, B.J., and Strauss, J. Cost Models Analyze Value of Clinical PACS. Diagnostic Imaging 17(10):36-38, October 1995. Van Goord, J.N., and Christensen, J.P. Advances in Medical Informatics: Results of the AIM Exploratory Action. Amsterdam: IOS Press, 1992. Van Riper, F. Kodak Goes Digital. Washington Post, Weekend Section, June 7, 1996, p. 58. Walters, T.J. Deployment Telemedicine: The Walter Reed Army Medical Center Experience. Military Medicine (forthcoming) 1996. Ware, J.E., Davis, A.R., and Rubin, H.R. Patient's Assessment of Their Care. In The Quality of Medical Care: Information for Consumers . Washington, D.C.: Office of Technology Assessment, 1988, pp. 231-247. Warner, K.E., and Luce, B.R. Cost-Benefit and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis in Health Care. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Health Administration Press: 1982. Webster, D. Final Report on the Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire Project. Philadelphia: American Board of Internal Medicine, 1989. WEDI (Workgroup for Electronic Data Interchange). Report. Hartford, Conn. and Chicago : WEDI, 1993. Weiler, P.C., Hiatt, H.H., Newhouse, J.P., et al. A Measure of Malpractice: Medical Injury, Malpractice Litigation, and Patient Compensation. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1993. Weinberger, M., Oddone, E.Z., Henderson, W.G., et al. Does Increased Access to Primary Care Reduce Hospital Readmissions? New England Journal of Medicine 334(22):1441-1447, 1996. Weinstein, M.C., and Stason, W.B. Foundations of Cost-Effectiveness Analysis for Health and Medical Pracices. New England Journal of Medicine 296:716-721, 1977.

OCR for page 209
--> Weis, A.H. Telemedicine: A Network View--Usage and Trends. In Proceedings of the Mayo Telemedicine Symposium. Broadcast simultaneously from Rochester, Minn., Jacksonville, Fla., and Scottsdale, Ariz., October 1-3, 1993. Rochester: Mayo Clinic, p. 151. Weiss, C.H. Evaluation Research: Methods of Assessing Program Effectiveness . Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1972. Wennberg, J. Dealing with Medical Practice Variations: A Proposal for Action. Health Affairs 3:6-32, 1984. WGA (Western Governors' Association). Telemedicine Action Report. Denver: WGA, 1995. White, M.J. The Value of Liability in Medical Malpractice. Health Affairs 13(4):75-78, 1994. Wholey, J.S., Hatry, H.P., and Newcomer, K.E. Handbook of Practical Program Evaluation. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1994. Williams, R.M. The Costs of Visits to Emergency Departments. New England Journal of Medicine 334(special article):642-646, 1996. Williamson, J. Medical Quality Management Systems in Perspective. In Health Care Quality Management for the 21st Century, J. Couch, ed. Tampa, Fla.: American College of Physican Executives, 1991. Wilson, A.J., and Hodge, J.C. Digitized Radiographs in Skeletal Trauma: A Performance Comparison Between a Digital Workstation and the Original Film Images. Radiology 196(2):565-568, 1995. Wilson, I.B., and Cleary, P.D. Linking Clinical Variables with Health-Related Quality of Life: A Conceptual Model of Patient Outcomes. Journal of the American Medical Association 273(1):59-65, 1995. Wilson, I.B., and Kaplan, S. Clinical Practice and Patients' Health Status: How Are the Two Related? Medical Care 33(1, Suppl.):AS209-AS214, 1995. Winn, J.R. Call for Comments Concerning Draft of the Model Act to Regulate the Practice of Telemedicine Across State Lines. Federation of State Medical Boards, Euless, Tex., Unpublished memorandum. August 7, 1995. Wittson, C.L., and Benschoter, R.A. Two-Way Television: Helping the Medical Center Reach Out. American Journal of Psychiatry 129(5):136-139, 1972. Wolinsky, F.D. The Sociology of Health: Principles, Practitioners, and Issues, 2nd ed. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth, 1988, p. 337. Wood, M.B., and Whelan, L.J. Letter to J.R. Winn, Federation of State Medical Boards. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation, September 7, 1995. Woods, J.R., Saywell, R.M., Nyhuis, A.W., et al. The Learning Curve and the Cost of Heart Transplantation. Health Services Research 27:219-238, 1992. Woodward, B. The Computer-based Patient Record and Confidentiality. New England Journal of Medicine 333(21):1419-1422, 1995. Wortman, P.M., ed. Methods for Evaluating Health Services. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications, 1981. Young, H., and Waters, R. Licensure Barriers to the Interstate Use of Telemedicine. Health Information Systems and Telemedicine Newsletter . Washington, D.C.: Arent Fox Kintner Plotkin & Kahn, 1995, pp. 1-4. Zajtchuk, J. DOD Test Bed of Health Care Delivery: Program Development and Applications. Presentation at National Forum, Military Telemedicine On-Line Today: Research, Practice, and Opportunities, McLean, Va., March 27-29, 1995. Zajtchuk, R., and Sullivan, G. Battlefield Trauma Care: Focus on Advanced Technology. Military Medicine 160(1):1-7, 1995.

OCR for page 209
--> Zaremba, L.A., and Anderson, M.P. Everything You Need to Know about FDA Regulation of PACS Equipment. Presentation at the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology meeting. Denver, June 1996. Zaremba, L.A., and Phillips, R.A. Image Compression: Regulatory Issues and Policies. Presentation at the American Association of Physicists in Medicine Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., 1993. Zelen, M. Large Sample Trials: The Open Protocol System. In Clinical Trials and Statistics: Proceedings of a Symposium. Board on Mathematical Sciences, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications, National Research Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1993. Zundel, K.M. Telemedicine: History, Applications, and Impact on Librarianship. Bulletin of the Medical Library Association 84(1):71-79, 1996.

OCR for page 209
This page in the original is blank.