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OCR for page 310
From Scarcity to Visibility: Gender Differences in the Careers of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers Glossary • CEEWISE: The Committee on the Education and Employment of Women in Science and Education of the National Research Council. • CWSE: The Committee on Women in Science and Engineering of the National Research Council. • DRF: Doctorate Records File which combines information for all years of the SDR. • ISI: Institute for Scientific Information. • NRC: The National Research Council. • NSF: The National Science Foundation. • OSEP: The Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel of the National Research Council. • R&D: Research and development. • RA: Research assistantship. • S&E: Science and engineering. • SED: The Survey of Earned Doctorates. • SDR: The Survey of Doctorate Recipients. • TA: Teaching assistantship.
OCR for page 311
From Scarcity to Visibility: Gender Differences in the Careers of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers • Labor Force is defined as Ph.D.s in S&E fields who are living in the United States and are under the age of 75. The labor force includes both part time workers and those who are unemployed, including the small number of scientists and engineers who are not looking for work. Retired scientists are not counted in the labor force. • Full-time labor force is defined as members of the labor force who are working full time in some area of science or engineering. • Employed Outside of S&E includes doctoral scientists and engineers who are working full time in occupations that are not directly related to S&E as defined by the Survey of Doctorate Recipients. • Unemployed includes those without jobs who are seeking work. • Out of the Labor Force are those who are not working and not seeking work. • Underemployment includes part-time workers and the unemployed.
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