1. Research on the genetic variation of plant and animal species from all major trophic levels to determine possible importance of demes on persistence, susceptibility to invaders, genetic dilution, the relationship of variation to pollution resistance, and suitability for restoration material.

  2. Trials of management practices presumed necessary to preserve natural areas.


  1. Carefully conceived, long-term monitoring plans for biodiversity which employ existing regional scale monitoring models need to be developed and applied to protected areas. A protocol for applying regional models to intensive monitoring at the protected area level, and for their use in research and management, should be developed by the transboundary parks.

In sum, the participating scientists projected a remarkable consensus on research priorities, which seems to reinforce the desirability of:

  • More diverse, less institutionally dominated research;

  • Integrated systems research, analysis, and depiction;

  • Possible forestry practices fostering natural, old systems;

  • Planning a population-based geometry for protected areas; and

  • Cessation of feeding and moratorium of harvests pending results of research on effects and uses.

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