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Appendixes

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A Acronyms and Abbreviations AABB American Association of Blood Banks ADR alternative dispute resolution AHCPR Agency for Health Care Policy and Research AHF antihemophilic factor AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ALT alanine aminotransferase ARC American Red Cross CAT computer assisted tomography CCBC Council of Community Blood Centers CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CFU colony forming unit CJD Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease CMV cytomegalovirus CNS central nervous system CPR Center for Public Resources DNA PCR deoxyribonucleic acid polymerase chain reaction EIS Epidemic Intelligence Service ELISA I/II Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay I/II EPA Environmental Protection Agency FACTS Frequency of Agents Communicable by Transfusion Study FDA Food and Drug Administration FFP fresh frozen plasma GLPR General Leukocyte and Plasma Repository GSR General Serum Repository 181

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182 BLOOD AND BLOOD PRODUCTS: SAFETY AND RISK HAM/TSP HTLV-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis HAV hepatitis A virus HBsAg hepatitis B surface antigen HBV hepatitis B virus HCFA Health Care Financing Administration HCV hepatitis C virus Hgb hemoglobin HIV human immunodeficiency virus HMO health maintenance organization HRSA Health Resources and Services Administration HTLV I/II Human T-lymphotropic virus I/II ICL idiopathic CD4 lymphocytopenia IOM Institute of Medicine IRB institutional review board MMWR Morbidity an Mortality Weekly Report MRI magnetic resonance imaging NHF National Hemophilia Foundation NHLBI National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute NIH National Institutes of Health PFU plaque forming unit PHA phytohemagglutinin RBCC red blood cell concentrate REDS Retrovirus Epidemiology of Donors Study RIBA radioimmunoblot assay RNA PCR ribonucleic acid polymerase chain reaction S/D solvent/detergent TB tuberculosis TNBP tri~n-butyl~phosphate TTV transfusion-transmitted virus UBS United Blood Services UVA ultraviolet A (light) UVC ultraviolet C (light) VSV vesicular stomatitis virus