. "National Environmental Goals: Implementing the Laws, Visions of the Future, and Research." Linking Science and Technology to Society's Environmental Goals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 1996.
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Linking Science and Technology to Society's Environmental Goals
The PCSD also proposes goals and indicators specific to the energy, transportation, and agriculture sectors.
CENR's Environmental and Natural Resource Goals for Research for Fiscal Year 1996
CENR's goals for environmental and natural resource research are presented in the context of five overall goals for Science and Technology:
improved environmental quality;
a healthier, safer America;
a stronger economy;
enhanced national security; and
improved education and training.
CENR's goals for improved environmental quality cover seven areas:
biodiversity and ecosystem dynamics;
natural disaster reduction;
resource use and management;
toxic substances/hazardous and solid waste; and
water resources and coastal and marine environments.
For each of the seven goal areas, CENR provides a description of the current state of understanding; a characterization of the themes of the current research; proposed areas of enhanced emphasis; selected milestones for 1995–1998; and a proposed budget for fiscal year 1996, reflecting the Administration's priorities. Five of the seven research areas show at least slight budget increases. Two of the areas (resource use and management and natural disaster reduction) show slight declines from the previous year.
In addition to the seven research areas, CENR presents five crosscutting topics for Integrated Environmental Research and Development:
observations and data management;
social and economic dimensions of environmental change;
environmental technology; and
science policy tools: integrated assessments and characterizations of risks.
These crosscutting topics span the seven environmental research areas. Each topic, in turn, has an environmental goal, key policy objectives, areas of enhanced emphasis, and selected milestones, 1995–1998. No separate budgets are presented for the crosscutting topics.
The expository material emphasizes the process by which strategic planning