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Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Solid Wastes: The goal of federal toxic substances and hazardous and solid waste research is to prevent or reduce human and ecological exposure to toxic materials, such as pesticide residues, PCBs, and lead, and their adverse consequences by providing the scientific and technical information needed for informed decision- and policy-making and effective problem solving.

• Produce a national research strategy on endocrine-disrupter chemicals.

• Finalize the reassessment of the health and ecological effects from exposure to dioxin and related compounds.

• Conduct cooperative research with industry partners to develop technological improvements to reduce inefficiency, substitute cleaner and less toxic chemicals, reduce costs, and improve environmental performance.

• Provide improved exposure models for hazardous air pollutants.

• Improve ecological risk characterization by better defining the responses of communities and ecosystems to toxic chemical stresses.

• Implement a national program to verify performance of innovative environmental technologies.

Water Resources and Coastal and Marine Environments: The goal of research on water resources and coastal and marine environments is to provide the scientific basis for managing water resources and aquatic environments to ensure adequate, quality water resources for domestic, industrial, agricultural, fishery, transportation, recreation, and other uses to meet equitably and efficiently the needs of present and future generations and to ensure the integrity, productivity, diversity, and vitality of lake, stream, estuary, and ocean coastal ecosystems.

• Complete mapping and change detection of coastal land cover for all major coastal areas of the United States, including the coordinated management and dissemination of the change-detection data sets and management applications derived from them

• Complete data collection, interpretation, and report preparation for the first 20 National Water-Quality Assessment Program sites, and initiate detailed planning for the final 20 sites.

• Provide new, regional algorithms for remotely monitoring water mass movement, algal pigments, and productivity in coastal and estuarine water from satellites and aircraft.

• Complete a peer-reviewed, comprehensive national assessment of the U.S. coastal environment that integrates evaluations of the state of the natural environment with assessments of the effectiveness of current governance mechanisms and structures and the social and economic effects of environmental change.

• Provide improved assessment and field tools for predicting the cumulative effects of multiple stressors and carrying capacities in U.S. coastal and estuarine systems.

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