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TABLE 10 Estimate of Environmental R&D at the Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service (budget authority in millions of dollars, by fiscal year)a

 

Actual FY 1993

Est. FY 1994

Est. FY 1995

Avg. Annual % Change FY 1993–95

Environmental Sciences

Appraisal of Soil Resources

2

2

2

 

Soil, Plant Water Nutrient Relationships

33

35

37

 

Management of Saline Soils

2

2

3

 

Alternative Uses of Land

0

0

0

 

Improvement of Range Resources

7

7

8

 

Wildlife and Fish Ecology

5

5

5

 

Environmental Biology

14

15

16

 

Subtotal

63

67

70

5%

Engineering and Related R&D

Conservation and Efficient Use of Water

13

14

14

 

Efficient Drainage and Irrigation Systems

5

5

5

 

Watershed Protection and Management

20

21

22

 

Protection from Pollution

4

4

4

 

Alleviation of Pollution

19

20

21

 

Subtotal

60

63

67

5%

Information and Data R&D

Remote Sensing

4

4

4

5%

Total, ARS Environmental R&D

127

134

142

5‰

SOURCE: Authors' estimates.

a ARS budget authority has been projected based on 1993 data in the Current Research Information System for goals pertaining to the environment and for environmental sciences research supporting other goals.

Department of Energy, and EPA. Except for NIEHS and EPA, none of this R&D is included in this paper.

Environmental R&D in the Context of Overall Federal R&D

Environmental R&D is a relatively small component of total federal R&D. According to NSF figures, in FY 1985, R&D devoted to the "environment and natural resources" budget function represented 2.1 percent of total federal R&D and 6.5 percent of nondefense R&D. By FY 1994, with defense R&D shrinking and health and space research growing, environmental and natural resources R&D had risen to 2.7 percent of total R&D, but declined to 6.0 percent of nondefense



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