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education, and the economic and social status of women in its environmental research efforts.

  1. To cope with global population pressures, researchers should focus on ways to improve the potential for universal access to effective family-planning information, contraceptives, and health care.

  2. U.S. policies, both domestic and foreign, need to provide support, through partnerships with developing countries, for the scientific and technological research needed by international population programs.

  3. Interdisciplinary research should be conducted on the future environmental consequences of population growth, especially in vulnerable environments. This research should incorporate human biology, human behavior, epidemiology, and ecology to yield a better understanding of all aspects of the population-environment interface. Research should be conducted on the possible negative consequences of technology when introduced into a population, e.g., the possible adverse impacts of the use of artificial baby formula in developing countries.

For more information and guidance, the reader should refer to the following:

NRC (National Research Council), Population and Land Use in Developing Countries: Report of a Workshop (Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1993).

NRC (National Research Council), Population Summit of the World's Scientific Academies (Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1994).



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